博碩士論文 91421008 詳細資訊




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姓名 林彥宏(Yan-Hong Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系
論文名稱 半導體產業的運籌管理決策模式:決策架構及演算法
(Decision Model of Logistics Management for Semiconductor Industry:Decision Frame and Algorithm)
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摘要(中) 半導體產業的運籌管理不僅多變且複雜,尤其在產業全球化的浪潮下,管理者所面臨的挑戰與威脅與日俱增。如何在競爭激烈的環境下創造優勢,便成為所有半導體製造業者的核心議題。從價值鏈的分析角度,晶圓製造階段為整個產業核心價值創造的最大來源,也因此學者專家在這方面投入相當多的研究。而半導體資材種類繁多,生產製程複雜且週期長,往往產生物料供應無法滿足生產的需求。在我們所研讀的文獻當中,唯獨在物料供應與生產規劃之間的協同規劃問題,卻少有人加以提出解決方案。因此,本篇論文便是在Hartmut Stadtler(2000)等學者所建構的決策架構APS(Advanced Planning System)下,發展出一套啟發解法,專門用來處理生產規劃與物料需求規劃之間的協同問題。同時也發展出兩套決策模型,提供管理在處理生產排程與採購計劃時的規劃工具。最後,我們透過實驗設計,歸納出在不同情境下的最佳運籌規劃目標。
摘要(英) The variability and complexities of the global manufacturing scenario especially in the semiconductor manufacturing industry increased greater extent to which most inter-country corporations became more sensitive to demand fluctuation and tried to look for new ways to cope with the changes in the environment in order to enhance higher business operating performance. Each complete wafer includes several hundreds of materials with solid, vapor and liquid on it so that collaboration between material requirement planning and production planning become a critical management issues in semiconductor manufacturing industry.We need a more complete planning system to make a corporation plan overall and it is necessary for collaborating with time, space, material and financial flows to deal with problems for GLM. Hartmut Stadtler et al. (2000) have proposed a structure of Advanced Planning Systems(APS), which consists of several planning tasks and shows more completeness for planning. Based on APS, we constructed one Heuristics and two decision model to provide the managers with planning tool. Finally,by an experiment, we conclude the best goal of operation under different circumstances.
關鍵字(中) ★ 運籌管理
★ 協同規劃
★ 先進規劃系統
關鍵字(英) ★ Logistics Management
★ APS
★ Collaboration Planning
論文目次 第一章 緒論.................................1
1-1. 研究動機...............................1
1-2. 研究目的...............................1
1-3. 論文架構...............................1
第二章 半導體產業問題描述與分析..............3
2-1. 產業全球化..............................3
2-1-1. 全球運籌管理..........................4
2-2. 全球化產業下之企業......................4
2-2-1. 整合..................................5
2-2-2. 協調..................................5
2-3. 全球化下之半導體產業....................6
2-4. 半導體產業之全球運籌管理................6
2-5. 半導體產業之價值鏈......................7
2-5-1. 半導體產業之晶片製造階段..............8
2-5-1-1. 沉積製程............................9
2-5-1-2. 微影製程............................10
2-5-1-3. 蝕刻製程............................11
2-5-1-4. 佈植製程............................12
2-6. 先進規劃系統............................14
2-6-1. 生產規劃與物料需求規劃之協同..........15
2-7. 管理議題彙整與分類......................17
第三章 模式建立..............................20
3-0. 問題處理架構............................20
3-0-1. 情境說明..............................21
3-1. 階段一:中期生產和設備需求規劃的協同....22
3-1-1. 瓶頸機台計算..........................24
3-1-2. 機台數量、生產週期和機台使用率關係圖..26
3-2. 階段二:短期生產和物料需求規劃的協同....29
3-2-1. 整體最佳化方法論......................29
3-2-2. 階段二處理架構........................31
3-2-3. 階段二進行步驟........................32
3-2-4. 模型構建..............................34
3-2-4-1. 其他模形分析........................34
3-2-4-2. 本篇模型分析........................35
3-2-4-3. 數學模型............................37
3-2-4-3-1. 需求與生產計畫協同:Model A.......39
3-2-4-3-2. 生產計劃與資源需求協同:Model B...40
3-2-5. 生產產能和物料供應限制協同:啟發解法MRPH..41
3-2-5-1. 啟發解法MRPH核心構想................41
3-2-5-2. 啟發解法MRPH步驟....................44
3-2-5-3. 啟發解法MRPH程式邏輯................46
3-2-6. 物料存貨數量、生產週期和產能利用率關係圖....47
第四章 實例驗證..............................48
4-1. 模型驗證................................48
4-1-1. 階段一:中期生產和設備需求規劃的協同..48
4-1-1-1. 產能建議與瓶頸機台需求規劃..........48
4-1-2. 階段二:短期生產和物料需求規劃的協同..54
4-1-2-1. 資料設定............................54
4-1-2-2. Model A執行結果:產品存貨限制最小化.57
4-1-2-3. 啟發解法MRPH執行結果................59
4-1-2-4. Model B執行結果:原料存貨限制最小化.60
4-1-2-5. 交叉比較............................66
4-1-2-6. Lingo 8.0與啟發解法MRPH之比較.......67
4-2. 實驗設計................................68
4-2-1. MRPH調整前與調整後之比較..............68
4-2-2. 不同目標限制式下結果之比較............73
第五章 結論與建議............................77
5-1. 結論....................................77
5-2. 未來研究方向............................78
Reference....................................79
附錄A-實驗結果...............................82
附錄B-產品單位批量之機台處理時間表...........90
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指導教授 呂俊德(Jun-Der Leu) 審核日期 2004-6-30
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