博碩士論文 91443003 詳細資訊




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姓名 吳郁瑩(Yu-Ying Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 關聯式資料庫之廣義知識探勘
(Generalized Knowledge Discovery from Relational Database)
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摘要(中) 隨著資料的快速成長與大量累積,資料探勘已被廣泛應用於許多領域,例如:決策支援、詐欺偵測、市場分析、財務預測等等。針對各種不同資料特性與研究議題,已有許多方法與技術被提出,用以從大量資料中歸納出有用的資訊,屬性導向歸納法是其中一項重要技術。然而,現有的屬性導向歸納法存在著二個問題:第一,其只依據二個關鍵門檻值進行歸納,所提供的廣義知識只是資料庫的一個知識片段,若想獲得完整的歸納知識,必須重覆進行多次歸納;第二,現有方法僅關注正向資料,缺乏對負向資料的處理。針對此二項不足,本研究提出二種新的歸納方法,得以一次歸納並產生所有有趣的多階層正向與負向廣義知識。此外,真實世界有著各種不同的知識種類,除了上述正向與負向知識之外,資料庫中亦存在著具有異常誤差的稀少性資料,傳統資料探勘方法僅能偵測異常物件,無法解釋物件中真正發生異常的屬性。因此,本研究提出第三種方法,能從資料庫中挖掘出真正造成物件異常的最小屬性組合,稱之為可疑樣式。經由真實資料集實際測試與評量,證明本研究所提出的方法具可行性並能有效找出有用知識。
摘要(英) Data mining has attracted a great deal of attention in the information industry and in society due to its wide applicability in many areas. Many approaches have been proposed to generalize valuable information patterns and attribute-oriented induction (AOI) is one of the most important methods. However, existing AOI approaches encounter two problems. First, the AOI only provides a snapshot of the generalized knowledge, not a global picture. Second, it only mines knowledge from positive facts in databases. In this study, we proposed two novel methods to generate all interesting multiple-level positive and negative generalized knowledge at one time. Moreover, knowledge types are various in real world. In addition to the positive and negative knowledge, a dataset may include very rare, suspicious values, or the abnormal deviations. Existing researches focused only on the identification of outliers which possess the same dimensional space, what are the explicit anomalous knowledge hidden in the mined outliers is rarely addressed. This study proposed third approach to discover such suspicious knowledge. Both proposed methods have been verified for efficiency and effectiveness by using real datasets.
關鍵字(中) ★ 異常偵測
★ 負相關樣式
★ 屬性導向歸納法
★ 多階層知識探勘
★ 資料探勘
關鍵字(英) ★ anomaly detection
★ attribute-oriented induction
★ knowledge discovery
★ multiple-level mining
★ negative pattern
★ data mining
論文目次 Abstract I
中文摘要 II
誌謝 III
Contents IV
List of Figures VI
List of Tables VIII
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1. Research Problem in Positive Generalized Knowledge 2
1.2. Research Problem in Negative Generalized Knowledge 4
1.3. Research Problem in Suspicious Knowledge 6
1.4. Organization of the Dissertation 7
Chapter 2. Related Works 8
2.1. Data Mining Researches 8
2.2. Attribute-Oriented Induction Researches 10
2.3. Negative Association Rules Mining Researches 12
2.4. Anomaly Detection Researches 14
Chapter 3. Discovering Positive Generalized Knowledge 18
3.1. Brief Description 18
3.2. Problem Definition 19
3.3. Global Attribute-Oriented Induction 23
3.3.1 Collect and Encode the Task-Relevant Tuples 24
3.3.2 The FGT Algorithm 26
3.3.3 Pruning and Transformation 34
3.4. Experiments 35
3.4.1 Real Dataset 36
3.4.2 Generalized Tuples 36
3.4.3 Performance Evaluations 38
3.5. Summary 41
Chapter 4. Discovering Negative Generalized Knowledge 42
4.1. Brief Description 42
4.2. Problem Definition 43
4.3. Global Negative Attribute-Oriented Induction 47
4.3.1 The NGT Algorithm 48
4.3.2 Pruning and Transformation 54
4.4. Experiments 55
4.4.1 Negative Generalized Tuples 56
4.4.2 Performance Evaluations 57
4.5. Summary 60
Chapter 5. Discovering Suspicious Knowledge 61
5.1. Brief Description 61
5.2. Problem Definition 62
5.3. Approach for Suspicious Pattern Mining 64
5.3.1 Preprocess 65
5.3.2 Clustering-Based Outlier Detection 66
5.3.3 Suspicious Patterns Mining 69
5.4. Experiments 75
5.4.1 Experiment Data Sets 75
5.4.2 Preprocess and Distance Measurement 77
5.4.3 Performance Evaluations 77
5.4.4 Suspicious Patterns Discussion 83
5.5. Summary 84
Chapter 6. Conclusions and Future Works 85
References 87
Appendix 95
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指導教授 陳彥良、張瑞益
(Yen-Liang Chen、Ray-I Chang)
審核日期 2009-11-11
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