博碩士論文 91643006 詳細資訊




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姓名 許美蘭(Mei-Lan Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 太空科學研究所
論文名稱 電離層1356埃大氣暉光之研究
(A study of the ionospheric 135.6nm airglow)
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摘要(中) 福爾摩沙三號衛星(FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC,F3/C)酬載的小型電離層光度計(Tiny Ionosphere Photometer,TIP)和美國TIMED(Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energy and Dynamics)人造衛星酬載的全球紫外光照相儀(Global Ultraviolet Imager,GUVI)記錄全球夜間1356埃大氣暉光強度。此外F3/C另一酬載的全球定位系統掩星實驗(GPS Occultation Experiment,GOX)每天記錄約2,500筆涵蓋全球的積分電子濃度(integrated electron content,IEC)和最大層峰電子濃度(NmF2),而全球電離層圖(global ionospheric map,GIM)則每兩小時例行公佈電離層全電子含量(total electron content,TEC)。
  分析比對TIP與GUVI 1356埃大氣暉光以及GIM TEC、GOX IEC與GOX NmF2同時觀測資料,並結合IRI-01與MSISE-00電離層模擬結果,可獲得適用於不同地方時間、季節和太陽活動變化的轉換因子(conversion factor),藉此同化電離層中大氣暉光和電子濃度。此一同化可用來發展一套全星載斷層掃描技術,以強化電離層斷層掃瞄地區。
此外大氣暉光觀測可用於研究夜間電離層赤道異常(equatorial ionization anomaly)結構、電漿洞(plasma cave)、大氣潮汐現象(non-migrating tide)、電漿匱乏灣(plasma depletion bay)以及威爾德海異常現象(Weddell Sea anomaly)等電離層大規模電子濃度結構與變化。論文結果顯示結合1356埃大氣暉光和電子濃度觀測是為研究夜間電離層大型結構與變化之利器,而同化資料則為未來全星載斷層掃描提供了一道新的曙光。
摘要(英) The tiny ionosphere photometer (TIP) of FORMOSAT3/COSMIC (F3/C) and the Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) of Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energy and Dynamics (TIMED) are employed to measure the nighttime OI 1356Å airglow emissions. On the other hand, the GPS occultation experiment (GOX) onboard F3/C daily derive 2,500 vertical profiles of the ionospheric electron density, while the Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) routinely publishes the total electron content (TEC) from a GPS satellite to a ground-based receiver.
A conversion factor for various local times, seasons and solar activities is obtained by cross comparing between observations of TIP/GUVI 1356Å airglow emissions, GIM TEC, GOX IEC (integrated electron content), GOX NmF2 (F2-peak electron density) and simulations of IRI-01 and MSISE-00 models. Based on the conversion factor, the assimilation between the ionospheric 1356Å airglow emission and electron density can be carried out for the development of a new space-based tomography.
Meanwhile, the airglow emissions and electron density are utilized to monitor large scale structures and variations of the equatorial ionization anomaly, plasma cave, non-migrating tide, plasma depletion bay and Weddell Sea anomaly, and to understand the associated physical mechanisms. Results demonstrate that the combination observations of the OI 1356Å airglow emission and vertical electron density profiles provide a powerful tool to probe the large scale structures of the nighttime ionosphere, while the data assimilation sheds some lights on developing a TIP-GOX space-based tomography.
關鍵字(中) ★ 小型電離層光度計
★ 大氣暉光
★ 夜間電離層
關鍵字(英) ★ ionosphere
★ airglow
★ TIP
論文目次 摘要 ---------------------------------------------Ⅰ
ABSTRACT ----------------------------------------Ⅲ
致謝 ---------------------------------------------Ⅴ
目錄----------------------------------------------Ⅶ
圖目錄 -------------------------------------------Ⅸ
表目錄 -------------------------------------------ⅩⅢ
第一章 緒論 ---------------------------------------1
1.1 電離層 ----------------------------------------1
1.2 研究背景與動機 --------------------------------8
第二章 電離層大氣暉光與電子濃度觀測與分析 --------13
2.1 觀測儀器 -------------------------------------13
2.2 資料分析與處理 -------------------------------18
第三章 電離層大氣暉光模擬與轉換因子計算 ----------33
3.1 大氣暉光發光原理與機制 -----------------------33
3.2 大氣暉光模式與模擬 ---------------------------36
3.3 模擬與觀測轉換因子計算 -----------------------37
第四章 大氣暉光觀測電離層大規模結構 --------------63
4.1 赤道異常區 -----------------------------------63
4.2 電漿洞 ---------------------------------------67
4.3 大氣潮汐現象 ---------------------------------68
4.4 電漿匱乏灣 -----------------------------------70
4.5 威爾德海域異常 -------------------------------71
第五章 星載電離層電子濃度結構反演-----------------95
5.1 電離層電子濃度反演與斷層掃描------------------96
5.2電子濃度結構反演-------------------------------98
第六章 總結--------------------------------------111
參考文獻-----------------------------------------113
附錄---------------------------------------------123
附錄1 IGS資料使用說明 ---------------------------123
附錄2 TIP原始資料處理----------------------------131
附錄3 TIP netCDF檔資料格式-----------------------136
附錄4 GUVI L1C netCDF檔資料格式------------------140
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黃啟瑞,發展與應用電腦斷層掃描技術以研究赤道異常區之電離層,國立中央大學電機工程研究所,博士論文,1997。
許美蘭、張博雅、蔡和芳、劉正彥,福爾摩沙衛星三號小型電離層光度計,物理雙月刊,第二十八卷第六期,933-941,2006。
指導教授 劉正彥(Jann-Yenq Liu) 審核日期 2008-7-22
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