博碩士論文 92323037 詳細資訊




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姓名 劉衾瑋(Chin-Wei Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 藥柱疲勞特性與壽限評估模式之研究
(Study on the Fatigue Property and Fatigue Life Model of Solid Propellant)
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摘要(中) 飛彈擔負國防之重要角色。然在執行掛載飛行任務多次後,可能
因為外力作用而產生細微的裂縫,影響其推力甚至發生爆炸。
本研究建立藥柱疲勞性質測試技術,量測得到藥柱在室溫(15℃)
時之疲勞應力範圍-壽限方程式及潛變應力-破壞時間方程式,並針對
藥柱之機械老化,發展了一套壽限評估方法。研究結果顯示,具黏彈
性質之藥柱,其壽限評估方式可採用類似潛變-疲勞之分析方式。當
變動應力歷程之應力均方根值在0.193~.230 MPa 時,利用潛變-疲勞
線性損傷累積加總法所預估之壽限,其與實驗值之誤差在三倍之內,
且趨近保守,顯示此法可適用於藥柱在機械力作用下之壽限評估。此
外在平均應力的修正模式方面,經比較實驗值與分析值後,顯示
Goodman 方程式較適用於等應力振幅及變動應力振幅歷程作用下之
平均應力修正。
摘要(英) Solid propellant is the main power source of rocket and missile. The failure of solid propellant often brings about a fatal damage of the system. In the project, we perform finite elements analysis with the residuals stress of influence in curing solid propellant, To compare with character with viscolastic and elstica. In addition to technology is built on fatigue test, An equation is built on measured which stress-age and creep-age in the room temperature. Then, a research to display Solid propellant that character is viscolastic similar creep- fatigue analysis with age to appraise. The age life prediction by creep- fatigue of liner damage summation methods is less than triple standard, and it is conservative. The method is useful for age life prediction with Solid propellant on influence of mechanical.
關鍵字(中) ★ 疲勞測試
★ 固體動機藥柱
★ 壽限分析
關鍵字(英) ★ power supply module
★ Solid propellant
★ fatigue test
★ aging
★ life prediction
論文目次 摘 要........................................................................................................... I
誌 謝..........................................................................................................II
總目錄.......................................................................................................III
表目錄........................................................................................................V
圖目錄...................................................................................................... VI
符號說明................................................................................................VIII
第一章 緒論...............................................................................................1
1-1 研究動機與目的..........................................................................1
1-2 研究內容......................................................................................2
1-3 論文架構......................................................................................2
1-4 文獻回顧......................................................................................3
1-4-1 疲勞壽限分析之研究........................................................3
1-4-2 藥柱相關研究....................................................................5
第二章 理論說明......................................................................................8
2-1 疲勞壽限分析理論......................................................................8
2-1-1 應力-壽限曲線(S-N Curve)...............................................8
2-1-2 平均應力的影響................................................................9
2-1-3 循環計數..........................................................................10
2-1-4 疲勞損傷累積..................................................................11
2-2 潛變分析理論............................................................................11
2-2-1 潛變曲線..........................................................................12
2-2-2 潛變參數..........................................................................13
2-3 藥柱壽限評估理論....................................................................14
2-3-1 機械破壞機制..................................................................14
2-3-2 疲勞-潛變損傷累積理論.................................................17
第三章研究方法......................................................................................20
3-1 拉伸試片製作............................................................................20
3-2 疲勞試驗夾治製具及試片之設計與製作................................20
3-3 拉伸試驗及疲勞試驗方法........................................................20
3-4 藥柱壽限分析............................................................................21
3-5 破斷面觀察................................................................................22
第四章 結果與討論................................................................................23
4-1 拉伸性質....................................................................................23
4-2 等應力振幅疲勞性質................................................................23
4-3 變動應力振幅疲勞性質............................................................25
4-4 藥柱壽限評估............................................................................25
4-5 破斷面觀察................................................................................28
第五章 結論與未來發展........................................................................29
參考文獻...................................................................................................30
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指導教授 鄭銘章(Ming-Chang Jeng) 審核日期 2005-7-16
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