博碩士論文 92533012 詳細資訊


姓名 郭承聰(Cheng-Chung Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 通訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 Branch and Bound 演算法在全光網路包含串音局限的限制條件之最佳化規劃效能分析
(Optimised Design and Analysis of All-Optical Networks Incorporating crosstalk limited constraints using Branch and Bound Algorithm)
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摘要(中) 光纖網路由於有許多技術仍處於發展初期,設備成本無法正確估計,而且對流量訊需求及新的應用發展具不確定性,導致無法正確量化網路頻寬的大小,加上網路設計規劃時,必須考量到之前發展的光纖設備和技術造成的限制作用。因此,網路最佳化問題在分波多工器WDM 全光網路中已日益獲得重視,線性規劃Integer Linear programming (ILP)是可以精確執行此任務的一種方式。
本論文中提及Routing and wavelength assignment(RWA)動態規劃多光纖、無波長轉換器的WDM 網路。給予一個流量矩陣,如每一個連結的光纖數量、每一條光纖所能支援的波長數量和每一個通訊需求所需的連線數量及連線時間等數據,建立線性規劃算式,運用Branch & Bound 演算法找出網路中所能建立連線的最大數量,分析及設計使得網路獲得最佳化。由於Branch and Bound 運算數量隨著變數的增加而呈指數增長,為使演算法在可接受的運算時間內分析更大量的變數,經由適當的上限(upper bound)設定或適當的設計網路模型達成此目的為網路最佳化的重要議題。另一方面,由於訊號在全光網路中會經過許多沒有光電轉換的交換器,在交換器中會產生串音來傷害訊號的品質,為此我們提出加入由串音因子計算BER,並在接收端設一個BER 可接受下限值的QoS 限制。
摘要(英) Many optical technologies are relatively immature with respect to electronics, thus the cost of equipments can not be estimated correctly.
The unknown of future traffic demand and new applications development,it can not scale well with the network size. And network optimization must take currently and immaturity equipments functional constraints into account in the design. So, optimization problem of the WDM all-optical network is an important issue today. Integer Linear Programming is the most used exact method to perform this task.
In this thesis, we present dynamic routing and wavelength assignment in multifiber WDM networks without wavelength conversion. Give a traffic
matrix with parameters fiber amount, wavelength amount,connect lightpath request amount and connect period, to propose an ILP formulation. By using Branch and bound algorithm to find out the maximum lightpath that can be connected in the network, analysis and design to get network optimized.
The computation of Branch and bound algorithm is polynomially increase with variant amount. The appropriate upper bound or appropriate network
modeling can let the algorithm computes more variants in the acceptablecomputation time. Moreover, because a signal in all optial network passes through many switches without O-E-O converter, the crosstalk in the occurs in switches will impair the signal quality, thus we propose the BER counts with crosstalk factors, and set the QoS constraint of acceptable BER in
the receiver into the formulation.
關鍵字(中) ★ 全光網路 關鍵字(英) ★ All-Optical network
論文目次 第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………………………..1
1.1 研究動機……………………………………………………………………1
1.2 論文架構……………………………………………………………………2
第二章 WDM 波長多工系統架構……………………………………………...………3
2.1 多工…………………………………………………………………………3
2.2 傳輸…………………………………………………………………………5
2.2.1 WDM傳輸系統……………………………………………………….13
2.3 交換………………………………………………………..………………15
2.3.1 不可穿透光和可穿透光交換……………………………………..15
2.3.2 光封包、連發和電路交換………………………………………..16
2.3.3 MPLS,MPλS 和GMPLS……………………………………………18
2.4 波長路由光纖網路(WRON)………………………………………………..19
2.5 光纖網路的標準………………………………….………..……………...20
2.5.1 ITU-T OTN 和ASON/ASTN 標準……………………………………20
2.5.2 IETF GMPLS 協定………………………………..………….…..….23
2.5.3 OIF………………………………………………………....………24
第三章 光纖網路最佳化問題分類及定義…………………………….….………..25
3.1 問題分類……………………………………………………….………….25
3.1.1 時間水平軸分類…………………………………….…………….25
3.1.2 功能分類……………………………………………….………….26
3.2 網路設計…………………………………………………………………27
3.2.1 多層網路設計……………………………………………………27
3.2.2 保護與復原………………………………………………………27
3.2.3 動態流量的阻塞機率……………………………………………30
3.2.4 重新配置問題……………………………………………………31
3.2.5 矩陣………………………………………………………………32
3.2.6 WDM 網路的最佳化問題………………………………………….32
3.2.7 連線成本的網路最佳化…………………………………………33
3.3 最短、分解和備用路徑…………………………………………………34
3.4 虛擬波長路徑和波長路徑………………………………………………35
第四章 RWA 問題的ILP 公式……………………………………………………...37
4.1 多光纖網路的承載流量最大化…………………………………………38
4.2 波長最小化規劃…………………………………………………………40
4.3 串音元件和QoS 限制條件………………………………………………41
第五章 模擬結果與討論…………………………………………………………..46
5.1 串音因子影響BER 的QoS 門檻限制…………………………………….46
5.2 環狀網路模擬…………………………………………………………….47
5.2.1 單一光纖,多個波長模擬…………………………….…………47
5.2.2 多條光纖,單一波長模擬……………………………………….48
5.3 實際網路模擬……………………………………………………….……50
5.3.1 14 條光纖,4 個波長…………………………………………….51
5.3.2 14 條光纖,3 個波長…………………………………………….53
5.4 阻塞機率(Blocking probability)評估……………….………………55
5.5 Branch and Bound 演算法……………………………………………….56
第六章 結論…………………………………………………………………………59
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………..60
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指導教授 賀嘉律(Chia-Lu Ho) 審核日期 2006-7-18
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