博碩士論文 92533024 詳細資訊




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姓名 劉文仁(Wen-Ren Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 通訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 正交分頻多工系統之資料訊號裁剪雜訊消除
(Clipping Noise Cancellation for OFDM Systems with Clipped Data Signals)
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摘要(中) 近年來正交分頻多工系統受到相當大的重視,在未來將是無線廣域網路的主要技術。但是變化過大的時域訊號會增加傳送功率的消耗,因此,我們必須利用限制傳送訊號的振幅來降低峰值平均功率比。但是限制傳送端的訊號振幅後,卻造成系統增加了剪裁雜訊 (Clipping Noise)。本論文探討在傳送端只對資料部份作訊號峰值的剪裁,保留了導引訊號以維持通道估計與同步處理的準確性,在接收端使用已發表過的Decision-aided reconstruction (DAR)及Clipping Noise Estimation and Cancellation (CNEC) 方法來消除剪裁雜訊對於系統的影響。模擬結果顯示,新的訊號剪裁方法搭配雜訊消除法可以更為提升系統性能。
摘要(英) In the past decade, the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique has received a lot of attention, which will be the main technology used in the wireless metropolitan area network (MAN) application. But a high signal amplitude variation can increase the design requirement of the power amplifier at the transmitter. To solve this problem, we can clip the transmitted signal to reduce the peak to average power ratio (PAPR). However, this will also induce the clipping noise.
In this paper, we study the method that only data signals are clipped and pilot signals are reserved at the transmitter in order to remain better channel estimation and synchronization performances. At the receiver, we apply the published methods, Decision-aided reconstruction (DAR) and Clipping Noise Estimation and Cancellation (CNEC), to reduce the effect of the clipping noise. Simulation results show that the new clipping method along with clipping noise cancellation algorithms can significantly improve the system performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 裁剪訊號 關鍵字(英) ★ clipping noise cancellation
論文目次 第1章 緒論..................................................1
1.1 研究動機.................................................................................................... 1
1.2 章節架構介紹............................................................................................ 2
第2章 正交分頻多工系統簡介..................3
2.1 正交分頻多工系統原理............................................................................ 3
2.2 循環字首(Cyclic Prefix,CP) ...................................................................... 5
2.3 位元映射(Mapping)成符元....................................................................... 8
第3章 Clipping Noise(CN)的產生...........10
3.1 功率峰均比(Peak to Average Power Ratio,PAPR)定義.......................... 10
3.2 Clipping Ratio(CR)的定義.......................................................................11
第4章 消除Clipping Noise 的方法.........14
4.1 傳送端:Oversampling 及Filter............................................................. 14
4.2 Clipping Noise Mitigation for Channel Estimation in OFDM
Systems(CNM)........................................................................................ 15
4.3 Decision-Aided Reconstruction (DAR) ................................................... 20
4.4 Clipping Noise Estimation and Cancellation (CNEC) ............................. 22
4.5 同時於傳送端減少Clipping Noise 的產生以及接收端消除Clipping
Noise........................................................................................................ 24
第5章 系統模擬........................................27
5.1 模擬環境介紹及參數定義...................................................................... 27
5.2 數值結果.................................................................................................. 29
結論..............................................................37
參考文獻......................................................38
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OFDM systems using oversampled signal reconstruction,”IEEE
Commun. Leters, vol.6, no.2,pp.73-75,Feb.2002
[2] D. Kim and G. L.Stuber, “Clipping noise mitigation for OFDM by
decision-aided reconstruction,”IEEE Commun.Letters,vol.3,
no.1,pp.4-6,Jan.1999
[3] H. Chen and A. M. Haimovich,“Iterative estimation and cancellation
of clipping noise for OFDM signals,” IEEE Commun. Letters,vol.7,
no.7, pp.305-307,July. 2003.
[4] Y. Xiao, S. Li, X. Lei and Y. Tang,“Clipping noise mitigation for
channel estimation in OFDM systems,”IEEE Commun.Letters,
vol.10,no.6,pp.474-476 ,June 2006
[5]林鈞陶, “正交頻率多工系統中Clipping Noise之消除,”交通大
學碩士論文,2004
[6] H. Ochiai and H. Imai, “Performance analysis of deliberately clipped
OFDM signals, ”IEEE Trans.Commun.,vol.50,no.1,pp.89-101,
Jan.2002.
[7] X. Li and L. J. Cimini,, “Effects of clipping and filtering on the
performance of OFDM , ” in Proc.IEEE VTC’97,May 1997,
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[8] M.Garcia, J. Paez-Borrallo and S. Zazo, “DFT-base channel estimation
in 2D-pilot-symbol-aided OFDM wireless systems, ” in IEEE
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[9] J. Amstrong, “Peak-to-average power reduction for OFDM by repeat
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vol.38,no.5,pp.246-247,Feb 2002.
指導教授 張大中(Dah-Chung Chang) 審核日期 2008-1-12
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