博碩士論文 92622012 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:10 、訪客IP:3.235.223.5
姓名 吳善薇(Sin Mei)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球物理研究所
論文名稱 應用雷達干涉法在彰化縣員林地區地層下陷研究
(Using Radar Interferometry to Observe Land Subsidence in Yuanlin area, Changhua County, Taiwan)
相關論文
★ 應用太空大地測量法探討台南地區之地表變形★ 應用地形分析方法研究台灣中央山脈東翼地表抬升
★ 利用衛星影像萃取近岸地形-以台灣北部為例★ 台灣西南部前陸地區演育與古應力分析
★ 桃園臺地群地表變形與地下構造之研究★ 應用永久散射體差分干涉法觀測台灣北部地區之地表變形
★ 台灣東部縱谷南端之活動構造研究★ Seismic hazard assessment in Taiwan: Insights from historical seismicity and radar interferometry analyses
★ 台北盆地及周圍山區之現今地表變形研究★ 利用永久性散射體差分干涉法探討台南地區之地殼形變
★ 臺灣南部橫貫公路向陽-初來段之構造與邊坡穩定★ 莫拉克風災山崩區域之地質構造與大地應力分析
★ 台灣中部埔里盆地的構造活動: 衛星遙測和野外觀測★ 恆春半島的構造地形演化
★ 青藏高原東緣龍門山造山帶與四川前陸盆地間之構造演化★ 利用測地資料分析花東縱谷北段之地殼變形
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本研究利用衛星雷達干涉法,量測彰化縣員林地區的地表變形行為;目的除了希望有效偵測該地區快速的地層下陷,同時也希望藉由密集的觀察,尋找地層下陷速率與人為作用以及自然因素之間的關係。研究中我們採用十一幅不同時段擷取的衛星影像,時間從1995到2002年之間,組配成七組差分干涉圖。初步研究成果顯示,員林地區自1995年以來就持續有地層下陷發生,平均下陷速率約為每年1公分;另外,在921地震前後,下陷速率則發生明顯的變化。大約在大地震發生前數個月,地層下陷的速率就有增加的情況,速度比平常大約增加兩倍;而大地震發生後的差分干涉結果更顯示,在地震後僅僅大約一個月的時間內,員林地區地表至少下陷了0.5~1公分。直到地震發生後大約一年,地層下陷速率才逐漸趨緩。本研究顯示,歷史性的地表變形,依然可以藉由調閱衛星影像,用差分干涉法測量出來。至於員林地區地層的下陷,根據初步結果可以推論,它不但受到人為活動的影響(如地下水抽取),自然界的力量應該也扮演重要的角色(如構造活動或大地應力的改變)。
摘要(英) The behavior of land subsidence in Yuanlin area, Changhua County, Taiwan has been monitored by the two-pass method of Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) during the period from 1995 to 2002. Our interferometric result has shown that the subsidence behavior is unusual right before and after the Chi-Chi earthquake. Two-month before the earthquake, the pre-seismic differential interferogram detects a substantial increase in land subsidence with a prominent U-shaped pattern of groundwater level change. Two days after the devastating earthquake, our one-month image-pair shows a five-fold increase in land subsidence and an apparent shift of subsidence center. In this study, we suggest mechanisms that contribute to land subsidence in pre-seismic, co-seismic and post-seismic. We tend to believe that the circular/elongated pattern shown in our interferograms are caused by a point-source deformation. Besides, strain also plays a very important role in accelerating land subsidence shown in the post-seismic differential interferogram. It causes a very sudden, step-like surge in groundwater. The shaking of the earthquake as well as the increase of groundwater trigger the occurrence of soil liquefaction, in return, accelerating land subsidence. We propose there are two center of land subsidence right after the Chi-Chi earthquake though only one subsidence center can be observed in our differential interferogram.
關鍵字(中) ★ 衛星雷達干涉法
★ 地層下陷
★ 差分干涉圖
關鍵字(英) ★ differential interferogram
★ land subsidence
★ DInSAR
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction ..... 1
1.1 Study Motivation ..... 1
1.2 Study Method ..... 3
i. DInSAR ..... 3
ii. Groundwater Level Variation Analysis ..... 4
iii. Comparison With Conventional Geophysical Studies ..... 5
1. GPS Verification ..... 5
2. Microtremor Study ..... 5
Chapter 2 Regional Geological Background ..... 6
2.1 General Regional Geology ..... 7
2.2 Geological Structures ..... 7
2.3 Neotectonics ..... 10
i. Ground Level Surveying ..... 10
ii. GPS ..... 10
iii. Active Fault and Tectonomorphology ..... 11
Chapter 3 Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) ..... 13
3.1 Techniques ..... 13
i. Radar ..... 13
ii. Side-Looking Airborne Radar (SLAR) ..... 14
iii. Real Aperture Radar (RAR) ..... 15
iv. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) ..... 15
v. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) ..... 16
3.2 DInSAR ..... 16
i. Configuration of Data Acquisition ..... 16
ii. Two-pass Method ..... 17
iii. Three-pass Method ..... 19
iv. Meaning of Color in Interferogram ..... 21
3.3 Data Processing ..... 23
i. Software ..... 23
ii. Main Modules of Software ..... 25
iii. Goldstein Filter ..... 26
Chapter 4 Interferometric Results ...... 27
4.1 Data Acquisition ..... 27
4.2 Result Analysis ..... 30
Chapter 5 Groundwater Level Variation Analysis ..... 50
5.1 Groundwater Level Variation VS Earthquake ..... 51
5.2 Groundwater Level Variation VS land Subsidence ..... 52
Chapter 6 Comparison With Conventional Geophysical Studies ..... 59
6.1 GPS Verification ..... 59
6.2 Microtremor Study ..... 64
Chapter 7 Discussions and Conclusions ..... 66
7.1 Discussions ..... 66
7.2 Conclusions ..... 3
References ..... 75
參考文獻 Bamler, R., and Hartl, P., 1998, Synthetic aperture radar interferometry: Inverse Problems, v. 14, p. R1-R54.
Chang, C.P., Wang, C.T., Wang, H.C., Chen, K.S., 2004a, Application of DInSAR in Monitoring the Metropolitan Land-Surface Deformation: Jungli Industry Park as an Example: Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, v. 9, no. 3, p. 9-14.
Chang, C.P., Wang, C.T., Chang, T.Y., Chen, K.S., Liang, L.S., Pathier, E., and Angelier, J., 2004b, Application of SAR interferometry to a large thrust deformation: the 1999 M-w=7.6 Chichi earthquake in central Taiwan: Geophysical Journal International, v. 159, p. 9-16.
Chang, C.P., Chen, K.S., Wang, C.T., and Yen, J.Y., 2004c, Application of space-borne radar interferometry on crustal deformations in Taiwan: A perspective from the nature of events: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, v. 15, p. 523-543.
Deffontaines, B., Lacombe, O., Angelier, J., Chu, H.T., Mouthereau, F., Lee, C.T., Deramond, J., Lee, J.F., Yu, M.S., and Liew, P.M., 1997, Quaternary transfer faulting in the Taiwan Foothills: Evidence from a multisource approach: Tectonophysics, v. 274, p. 61-82.
Elachi, C., 1980, Spaceborne Imaging Radar - Geologic and Oceanographic Applications: Science, v. 209, p. 1073-1082.
Fielding, E.J., Blom, R.G., and Goldstein, R.M., 1998, Rapid subsidence over oil fields measured by SAR interferometry: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 25, p. 3215-3218.
Gatelli, F., Guarneri, AM, Parizzi, F., Pasquali, P., Prati, C., Rocca, F., 1994,
The wavenumber shift in SAR interferometry: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v. 32, no. 4, p. 855-865.
Gens, R., and Vangenderen, J.L., 1996, SAR interferometry: Issues, techniques, applications: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 17, p. 1803-1835.
Goldstein, R.M., and Werner, C.L., 1998, Radar interferogram filtering for geophysical applications: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 25, no. 21, p. 4035-4038.
Griffiths, H.D., 1995, Interferometric synthetic aperture radar: Electronics Communication Engineering Journal, v. 7, no., 6, p. 247-256.
Halsema, D.V., Kooij, MWA V. D., Groenewoud, W., Huising, J., Ambrosius, BAC, Klees, R., 1995, SAR interferometric in Nederlands: Remote Sensing Nieuwbrief, p. 31-34.
Huang, H.C., and Tseng, Y.S., 2002, Charateristics of Soil Liquefaction using H/V of Microtremors in Yuan-Lin area, Taiwan: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, v. 13, no. 3, p. 325-338.
Hulsmeyer, C., 1904, Herzian-Wave Projecting and Receiving Apparatus Adopted to Indicate or Give Warning of the Presence of a Metallic Body such as a Ship or a Train, British Patent No.13, 170.
Lee, M., Liu, T.K., Ma, K.F., Chang, Y.M., 2002, Coseismic hydrological changes associated with dislocation of the September 21, 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 29, no. 17, p. 1824
Madsen, S.N., and Zebker, H.A., 1999, Imaging radar interferometry. In Principles and Applications of Imaging Radar: Manual of Remote Sensing, v. 2, p. 359-80, New York: Wiley. 2nd ed.
Massonet, D., and Adragna, F., 1993, A full-scale validation of radar interferometry with ERS-1: the Landers earthquake: Earth Observation Quaterly, v. 41, p. 1-5.
Massonnet, D., and Feigl, K.L., 1998, Radar interferometry and its application to changes in the earth’s surface: Reviews in Geophysics, v. 36, p. 441-500.
Roeloffs, E., 1996, Poroelastic techniques in the study of earthquake-related hydrologic phenomena: Advances in Geophysics, Vol 37, v. 37, p. 135-195.
Rosen, P.A., Hensley, S., Joughin, I.R., Li, F.K., Madsen, S.N., Rodriguez, E., and Goldstein, R.M., 2000, Synthetic aperture radar interferometry: Proceedings of the IEEE, v. 88, no.3, p. 333-382.
Solass, G.A., 1994, ERS-1 interferometric baseline algorithm verification: ESA Technical Report ES-TN-DPE-OM-GS02
Stow, R.J., and Wright, P., 1997, Mining subsidence land survey by SAR interferometry: Proceedings of the 3rd ERS Symposium, ESA-SP 414, v. 1, p. 525-530.
Suppe, J., 1981, Mechanics of mountain building and metamorphism in Taiwan: Geological Society of China Memoir, v. 4, p. 67-89.
Tu, C.S., 2005, Using Microtremor Measurement To Study The Site Effect In The Central Taiwan: Master Thesis, National Central University.
Wang, C.Y., Cheng, L.H., Chin, C.V., and Yu, S.B., 2001, Coseismic Hydrologic response of an alluvial fan to the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan: Geological Society of America, v. 29, no. 9, p. 831-834.
Wessel, P., and Smith, W.H.F., 1995, New Version of the Generic Mapping Tools Released: EOS Trans., AGU, 76, p. 329.
Yu, S.B., Chen, H.Y., and Kuo, L.C., 1997, Velocity field of GPS stations in the Taiwan area: Tectonophysics, v. 274, p. 41-59.
Yu, S.B., Kuo, L.C., Punongbayan, R.S., and Ramos, E.G., 1999, GPS observation of crustal motion in the Taiwan-Luzon region: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 26, no. 7, p. 923-926.
Yu, S.B., Kuo, L.C., Hsu, Y.J., Su, H.H., Liu, C.C., Hou, C.S., Lee, J.F., Lai, T.C., Liu, C.C., Liu, C.L., Tseng, T.F., Tsai, C.S., and Shin, T.C., 2001, Preseismic deformation and coseismic displacements associated with the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 91, p. 995-1012.
Yu, S.B., Hsu, Y.J., Kuo, L.C., Chen, H.Y., and Liu, C.C., 2003, GPS measurement of postseismic deformation following the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake: Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 108, p. -.
Zebker, H.A., Rosen, P.A., Goldstein, R.M., Gabriel, A., and Werner, C.L., 1994, On the Derivation of Coseismic Displacement-Fields Using Differential Radar Interferometry - the Landers Earthquake: Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 99, p. 19617-19634.
陳華玟、陳勉銘、石同生(2004)臺灣地區五萬分之一分幅地質圖及說明書第三十一號―南投圖幅。經濟部中央地質調查所出版,共79頁。
石再添、楊貴三(1985)八卦台地的活斷層與地形面。師大地理研究所地理研究報告,第11期,第799-803頁。
經濟部水利署(2001)台灣地區地層下陷之監測、調查及分析(1/4)。
經濟部中央地質調查所(2004)斷層活動性與地震潛勢評估調查研究-斷層活動機制及其引發現象與地震潛勢評估研究,經濟部中央地質調查所報告第93-14號。
指導教授 張中白(Chung-Pai Chang) 審核日期 2005-7-14
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明