博碩士論文 93226007 詳細資訊




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姓名 江鎮余(Chen-Yu Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 平面波展開法在光子晶體之應用
(plane wave expansion used on photonic crystals)
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摘要(中) 所謂的光子晶體就是在空間中,將介電質材料週期性地排列的結構。受到週期結構的影響,電磁波的行為會呈現布洛赫波(Bloch wave)的傳播形態。從光子晶體的色散曲線中,我們可以探討能隙結構(Band structure)、缺陷態(Defect modes)、態密度(Density of states)及表面模態(Surface modes)的物理特性。常用的分析方法包括平面波展開法(Plane wave expansion method)、多重散射法(Multiple scattering method)、時域有限差分法(Finite difference time domain method)、傳遞矩陣法(Transfer matrix method)等;而本論文主要是以平面波展開法來分析二維光子晶體的光學特性。
本論文主要分為四章,第一章是介紹光子晶體的背景知識與由來,以及它的相關應用。第二章除了包括平面波展開法的理論公式推演以及一些物理特性回顧之外,再將平面波法延伸,結合超晶格法(Super cell method)、史托克定理近似(Stokes’s theorem approach)及微擾法(Perturbation method),可針對特殊形狀介電質材料做能隙分析,及能帶結構預測。第三章針對新穎方法的收斂性、精確性做嚴謹的測試、檢驗以及討論。第四章總合本篇論文的各項重要特點下一個結論。
摘要(英) Photonic crystals is the structure to arrange dielectric medium in order. Electronic wave propagate in Bloch wave form because of periodic structure. We discuss band structure, defective mode, density of state and surface mode in Photonic crystals’ dispersion relation. The analytic methods include Plane wave expansion method, Multiple scattering method, Finite difference time domain method, Transfer matrix method and this paper major on Plane wave expansion method.
The paper divide into four chapter. First chapter introduce photonic crystals, including background and application. Second chapter besides we deduce the equation of Plane wave expansion method and review some physics character, combine super cell method, Stokes’s theorem approach, Perturbation method, we can analyze band gap and forecast band structure. Third chapter we test and verify our new method and at the last chapter we give a conclusion.
關鍵字(中) ★ 平面波展開法
★ 光子晶體
關鍵字(英) ★ photonic crystal
★ pc
論文目次 摘要 III
Summary IV
致謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 XII
第一章 序論 1
第二章 理論分析 4
2-1二維平面波展開法 4
2-2超晶格 9
2-3態密度 13
2-4多邊形法 21
2-5缺陷態 24
2-5-1點缺陷 24
2-5-2線缺陷 27
2-5-3兩個點缺陷 28
2-6微擾近似法 30
第三章 數值分析與結果 35
3-1多邊形法 35
3-2表面態 39
3-3微擾近似法 44
3-3-1 TM mode 49
3-3-2 TE mode 61
3-3-3 正方柱內挖圓孔洞 75
第四章 結論和末來展望 78
參考資料 79
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18. H. Lim, Coupling characterics of localized photons in two-dimensional photonic crystals, Phys Rev B 67, 073103(2003)
19. Zhen Ye, Guiding optical flows by photonic crystal slab made of dielectric cylinders, Phys. Rev.E 69,066612(2004)
20. S. Kushwaha and P. Halevi, Gaint acoustic stop bands in two dimensional periodic arrays of liquid cylinders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 31(1996)
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指導教授 欒丕綱(PG-Luan) 審核日期 2006-7-5
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