博碩士論文 93227003 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:16 、訪客IP:34.204.43.11
姓名 余欣穎(Xin-Ying Yu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 認知與神經科學研究所
論文名稱 中文名詞動詞的具體效果的神經相關活動
(The Neural-Correlates of the Concreteness Effect in Chinese Nouns and Verbs)
相關論文
★ 表音一致性、聲旁結合度對中文閱讀的影響★ 意旁結合度、意旁表意透明度對中文閱讀的影響
★ The influence of experience on the SNARC effect -the mapping between sequential information and spatial representation★ 字形和語意對短期記憶的影響: 從行為及腦造影實驗而來的證據
★ 中文字音與字形相似度對語言短期記憶之影響★ 非語音訊息對中英雙語使用者的語言短期記憶的貢獻
★ 左右半腦如何運用脈絡訊息:以分類詞與名詞意義整合中限定性與預測性效果來探討★ 中文短期記憶之字形表徵研究
★ The temporal dynamics of the code-switching between alphabetic and logographic languages in unbalancedChinese-English bilinguals★ The acquisition of Chinese literacy as a second language correlates with statistical learning of implicit transitional probability
★ 以行為及腦造影證據探討英文字音及字形相似效果對中英雙語使用者之短期記憶的影響★ 以事件相關電位探討國小學童識字量與中文構字知識發展的關係
★ 閱讀效能在中文字辨認的視覺擁擠效應之影響★  The behavioral and neural correlates of orthographic lexicon and orthographic buffer in Chinese writing
★ EXPLORATION OF THE NEURAL CORRELATES OF SYNTACTIC PROCESSING IN CHINESE USING FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING AND EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS★ 視知覺相關能力以及統計學習能力對中文識字學習的影響:來自以中文為母語或外語學習者的證據
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 過去事件相關電位的研究顯示:名詞和動詞的差異可反應在P200和N400。該研究的目標是找出中文名詞動詞語意差異的神經生理指標。三個實驗中,我們共同操弄中文雙字詞的具體度和詞類,同時記錄腦電波。實驗一採用具體度評分作業,結果顯示P200會被詞類效果影響,意即動詞比名詞更容易引發更正向的P200,但只達邊緣顯著。N400被具體度效果影響,而且具體度的處理在名詞和動詞有不同的敏感度,敏感度的差異同時反應在N400振幅的大小和出現的時間點。實驗二採用詞彙判斷作業,名詞和動詞在N400都有具體度效果,但動詞N400的振幅比較小。和實驗一動詞沒有在N400得到具體度效果相較,實驗二的結果表示,動詞具體度處理可能在詞彙層次更加明顯。實驗三採用語意相關度判斷作業,結果發現和實驗一結果類似:P200邊緣顯著被詞類效果影響。另外N400,在名詞才有具體度效果,在動詞則是邊緣顯著。綜合三個實驗的結果,具體度的處理在名詞比較顯著跟穩定,但在動詞則會受作業需求而改變。詞類、具體度、和作業的交互作用,使我們認為名詞和動詞間的語意差異不能完全被具體度解釋。
摘要(英) Previous ERP studies have demonstrated the difference between nouns and verbs reflected in P200 and N400.The goal of this research is to identify the neuro-physiological index of semantic segregation between Chinese nouns and verbs. In three experiments, we manipulated the concreteness and word class of Chinese disyllabic words while ERP recording was simultaneously applied throughout the task. In Experiment 1, we employed the concreteness rating task. The results demonstrated that P200 was marginally modulated by the word class effect, which showed a more positive P200 for verbs than nouns. In contrast, N400 was modulated by the concreteness effect. Moreover, the different sensitivity to concreteness processing between nouns and verbs was revealed both in the magnitude and the latency of N400. In Experiment 2, we used the lexical decision task. The concreteness effect in N400 for nouns and verbs were both obtained, though the amplitudes were smaller in verbs. Compared with failure of finding the concreteness effect in N400 for verbs in Experiment 1, such finding implied that concreteness processing for verbs might be more pronounced at the lexical level. In Experiment 3, we used the semantic relatedness judgment task and found that P200 was marginally modulated by the word class effect as in Experiment 1. Furthermore, the concreteness effect in N400 was modulated in nouns but only marginally modulated in verbs. Based on these results, concreteness processing across three experiments is pronounced and reliable in nouns but is task-dependent in verbs. We argue that the noun-verb difference at the semantic level cannot be fully explained by concreteness.
關鍵字(中) ★ 事件相關電位
★ 語意
★ 名詞
★ 動詞
★ P200
★ N400
關鍵字(英) ★ P200
★ N400
★ Event-related Potentials (ERPs)
★ Semantics
★ Nouns
★ Verbs
論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
2.1 Neuropsychological evidence for the noun-verb dissociation 6
2.2 Semantic properties of nouns and verbs 9
2.2.1 Nouns as objects and verbs as action 10
2.2.1.1 Neuro-physiological correlates of nouns and verbs 10
2.2.1.2 Neuro-anatomical circuits of nouns and verbs 12
2.2.2 Concreteness (Imageability), nouns and verbs 18
2.2.2.1 N400 and semantic processing in ERP studies 19
2.2.2.2 Concreteness as a semantic index 20
2.2.2.3 Neuro-anatomical evidences for the imageability and word class effects 23
2.3 Chinese nouns and verbs 25
2.3.1 Neuro-imaging studies of Chinese nouns and verbs 25
Chapter 3 Experiment 1. Concreteness Rating Task 29
3.1 Method 29
3.1.1 Participant 29
3.1.2 Material 30
3.1.3 Design and Procedure 33
3.1.4 Apparatus and EEG Recording 34
3.1.5 Data analysis 35
3.2 Result 39
3.2.1 Behavioral data 39
3.2.2 ERP components and scalp distribution 40
3.3 Discussion 47
3.3.1 Behavioral data 47
3.3.2 ERP data 48
Chapter 4 Experiment 2. Lexical Decision Task 53
4.1 Method 53
4.1.1 Participant 53
4.1.2 Material 54
4.1.3 Design and Procedure 54
4.1.4 Apparatus and EEG Recording 55
4.1.5 Data analysis 55
4.2 Result 56
4.2.1 Behavioral data 56
4.2.2 ERP components and scalp distribution 58
4.3 Discussion 65
4.3.1 Behavioral data 65
4.3.2 ERP data 66
Chapter 5 Experiment 3. Semantic Relatedness Judgment Task 69
5.1 Method 69
5.1.1 Participant 69
5.1.2 Material 70
5.1.3 Design and Procedure 70
5.1.4 Apparatus and EEG Recording 71
5.1.5 Data Analysis 71
5.2 Result 72
5.2.1 Behavioral data 72
5.2.2 ERP data 73
5.3 Discussion 78
Chapter 6 General Discussion 80
References 90
Appendix 97
參考文獻 Bates, E., Chen, S., Tzeng, O., Li, P., Opie, M. (1991). The noun-verb problem in Chinese aphasia. Brain and Language, 41(2), 203-233
Berndt, R., Zingeser, L. (1991).Grammatical class effects in word production: finding the locus of the deficit. Brain and Language, 41(2), 597-600
Berndt, R., S., Haendiges, A., N., Burton, M., W., Mitchum, C., C. (2002). Grammatical class and imageability in aphasic word production: their effects are independent. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 15, 353-371
Binder, J. R., Westbury, C. F., McKiernan, K. A., Possing, E. T., Medler, D. A.
(2005). Distinct brain systems for processing concrete and abstract concepts. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(6), 905-917
Bird, H., Franklin, S., Howard, D. (2001). Age of acquisition and imageability ratings
for a large set of words, including verbs and function words. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 33(1), 73-79
Bird, H., Howard, D., Franklin, S. (2000). Why is a verb like an inanimate object? Grammatical category and semantic category deficits. Brain and Language, 72(3), 246-309
Black, M., Chiat, S. (2003). Noun-verb dissociations: a multi-faceted phenomenon. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 16, 231-250
Bloom, L., Lightblown, P., & Hood, L. (1975) Structure and variation in child language. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 40, 1-97
Cappa, S. F., & Perani, D. (2003). The neural correlates of noun and verb processing. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 16, 183-189.
Caramazza, A., Hillis, A. E. (1991). Lexical organization of nouns and verbs in the brain. Nature, 349 (6312), 788-790
Choi, S., & Gopnik, A. (1995). Early acquisition of verbs in Korean: A cross-linguistic study. Journal of Child Language, 22, 497-530
Coltheart, M., Patterson, K., Marshall, J. (1980). Deep dyslexia. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Colombo, L., Burani, C. (2002). The influence of age of acquisition, root frequency, and context availability in processing nouns and verbs. Brain and Language, 81(1-3), 398-411
Crepaldi, D., Aggujaro. S., Arduino, L. S., Zonca, G., Ghirardi, G., Inzaghi, M. G., Colombo, M., Chierchia, G., Luzzatti, C. (2006). Noun-verb dissociation in aphasia: the role of imageability and functional locus of the lesion. Neuropsychologia, 44(1), 73-89
Damasio, A. R., Tranel, D. (1993). Nouns and verbs are retrieved with differently distributed neural systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 90(11), 4957-4960
Dehaene, S. (1995). Electrophysiological evidence for category-specific word processing in the normal human brain. Neuroreport, 13;6(16):2153-7
Fisher, C., Gleitman, H., Gleitman, L., R. (1991). On the semantic content of
subcategorization frames. Cognitive Psychology, 23, 331-392
Gallese, V., Fadiga, L., Fogassi L., Rizzolatti, G. (1996). Action recognition in the
premotor cortex. Brain 119: 593-609
Gentner, D. (1978). On relational meaning: The acquisition of verb meaning. Child
Development, 49
Gentner, D. (1982). Why nouns are learned before verbs: Linguistic relativity versus
natural partitioning. Language Development, 2, 301-333
Gernsbacher, M.A., (1984). Resolving 20 years of inconsisten interactions between
lexical familiarity and orthography, concreteness, and polysemy. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 113, 256-281
Gillette, J., Gleitman, H., Gleitman, L., Lederer, A. (1999). Human simulation of
vocabulary learning. Cognition, 73, 135-176
Gopnik, A. & Meltzoff, A.N. (1997) Words, thoughts, and theories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Grossman, M., Koenig, P., De,Vita C., Glosser, G., Alsop, D., Detre, J., Gee, J. (2002). Neural representation of verb meaning: an fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 15(2), 124-34
James, C. (1975). The role of semantic information in lexical decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 104, 130-136
Jean, C. F. Hsu., Ovid, J. L. Tzeng., Daisy, L. Hung. (2004). Syntactic effects on Constituent components in word recognition: evidence from compound nouns and compound verbs in Chinese. University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics, 13, 173-193
Kable, J. W., Lease-Spellmeyer, J., Chatterjee, A. (2002). Neural substrates of action event knowledge. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(5), 795-805
Kellenbach, M. L., Wijers, A. A., Hovius, M., Mulder, J., Mulder, G.. (2002). Neural differentiation of lexico-syntactic categories or semantic features? Event-related potential evidence for both. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(4), 561-577
Kelly, M. H. (1988). Phonological biases in grammatical category shifts. Journal of Memory and Language, 27, 343-358
Kelly, M. H. (1992). Using sound to solve syntactic problems: The role pf phonology in grammatical category assigments. Psychological Review, 99(2), 349-364
Kounios, J., Holcomb, P. J. (1994). Concreteness effects in semantic processing: ERP evidence supporting dual-coding theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 20(4), 804-823
Kroll, J.F, Merves, J. (1986). Lexical access for concrete and abstract words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 12, 92-107
Kutas, M. and Hillyard, S. A. (1980). Reading senseless sentences: brain potentials reflect semantic incongruity. Science, 207, 203-205
Kutas, M. and Hillyard, S. A. (1989). An electrophysiological probe of incidental semantic association. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(1), 38-49
Kutas, M. and Federmeier, K. D. (2000) Electrophysiological reveals semantic memory use in language comprehension. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(12), 463-470
Lapointe, J. S. (1985). A theory of verb form use in the speech of agrammatic aphasics. Brain and Language, 24, 100-155
Lee, C. L., Hung, D. L., Tse, J. K., Lee, C.Y., Tsai, J. L., Tzeng, O. J. (2005). Processing of disyllabic compound words in Chinese aphasia: evidence for the processing limitations account. Brain and Language, 92(2), 168-184
Li, P., Jin, Z., & Tan, L., H. (2004). Neural representations of nouns and verbs in Chinese: an fMRI study. Neuroimage, 21(4), 1533-1541
Li, X., Shu, H., Liu, Y., Li, P. (2006). Mental representation of verb meaning: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(10), 1774-1787
Osterhout, L., Holcomb, P., J. (1992). Event-related brain potentials elicited by syntactic anomaly. Journal of Memory and Language, 31, 785-806.
Paivio, A. (1971). Imagery and verbal processes. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Paivio, A. (1986). Mental representation: A dual-coding approach. New York: Oxford University Press.
Perani, D., Cappa, S. F., Schnur, T., Tettamanti, M., Collina, S., Rosa, M. M.. (1999). The neural correlates of verb and noun processing: A PET study. Brain, 122, 2337-2344
Petersen, S., E., Fox, P., T., Posner, M., I., Mintun, M., Rachichle, M., E. (1988). Positron emission tomographic studies of the cortical anatomy of single-word processing. Nature, 331, 585-589
Potts, G., F. (2004). An ERP index of task relevance evaluation of visual stimuli. Brain and Cognition, 56(1), 5-13
Preissl, H., Pulvermuller, F., Lutzenberger, W., Birbaumer, N. (1995). Evoked potentials distinguish between nouns and verbs. Neuroscience Letter, 1;197(1), 81-83
Pulvermüller, F., Lutzenberger, W., and Preissl, H. (1999). Nouns and verbs in the intact brain: evidence from event-related potentials and high-frequency cortical responses. Cerebral Cortex, 9(5), 497-506
Pulvermüller, F. (2001). Brain reflections of words and their meaning. Trends in Cognitive Science, 5(12), 517-524.
Martin, A., Haxby, J. V., Lalonde, F. M., Wiggs, C. L., Ungerleider, L. G. (1995). Discrete cortical regions associated with knowledge of color and knowledge of action. Science, 270(5233), 102-105
McCarthy, R., Warrington, E., K. (1985). Category specificity in an agrammatic patient: the relative impairment of verb retrieval and comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 23, 709-727
McNamara, J. (1972). Cognitive basis of language learning in infants. Psychological Review, 79.
Miceli, G., Silveri, M.,C., Caramazza, A. (1984). On the basis for the aggrammatic’s difficulty in producing main verbs. Cortex, 20, 207-240
Nelson, K. (1973). Structure and strategy in learning to talk. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 38.
Rapp, B., Caramazza, A. (1988). A case of selective difficulty in writing verbs. Neurocase, 4), 127-140
Rizzolatti, G., Fadiga, L., Matelli, M., Bettinardi, V., Paulesu, E., Perani, D., Fazio, F. (1996). Localization of grasp representations in humans by PET. Experimental Brain Research, 111(2): 246-252
Schwanenflugel, P., Harnishfeger, K., K., Stowe, R., W. (1988). Context availiability and lexical decisions for abstract and concrete words. Journal of Memory and Language, 27, 499-520
Shapiro, K., Caramazza, A. (2003). The representation of grammatical categories in the brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(5), 201-206
Snedeker, J., Gleitman, L. (2004). Why it is hard to label our concepts? Weaving a Lexicon. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Strain, E., Patterson, K., Seidenberg, M., S. (1995). Semantic effect in single-word naming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 21, 1140-1154
Tyler, L. K., Russell, R., Fadili, J., & Moss, H. E. (2001). The neural representation of nouns and verbs: PET studies. Brain, 124, 1619-1634
Warburton, E., Wise, R.J., Price, C.J., Weiller, C., Hadar, U., Ramsay, S., Frackowiak, R.S. (1996) Noun and verb retrieval by normal subjects. Studies with PET. Brain, 119, 159-179
West, W. C., Holcomb, P. J. (2000) Imaginal, semantic, and surface-level processing of concrete and abstract words: an electrophysiological investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(6), 1024-1037
Wise, R. J., Howard, D., Mummery, C. J., Fletcher, P., Leff, A., Buchel, C., Scott, S. K. (2000). Noun imageability and the temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia, 38(7), 985-994
Zhang, Q., Guo, C. Y., Ding, J. H., Wang, Z. Y. (2006). Concreteness effects in the processing of Chinese words. Brain and Language, 96(1), 59-68
Zhang, Q., Ding, J., Guo, C., & Wang, Z. (2003) Mingci yu dongci jiagong de ERP chayi [ERP difference between processing of nouns and verbs.] Acta Psychologia Sinica, 35(6), 753-760
Zingeser, L., B., Berndt, R., S. (1990) Retrieval of nouns and verbs in agrammatism and anomia. Brain and Language 39, 14-32
指導教授 吳嫻、李佳穎
(Denise Hsien Wu、Chia Ying Lee)
審核日期 2006-12-28
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明