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姓名 郭育麟(Yu-Lin Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 適應性巡航控制系統對於駕駛績效影響之研究
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摘要(中) 近年來隨著智慧型運輸系統的發展,運用各項先進科技偵測駕駛員精神狀態或避免駕駛疏失之先進安全車輛技術已日益成熟。且由於國人的生活品質提升,相對地適應性巡航控制系統(ACC)可以增進行車安全與行車舒適性;自動調整車速,系統會自動調整車速,並與前方車維持適當的行車距離,以增進行車安全與行車舒適性。本研究利用桌上型駕駛模擬儀探討在不同的車內資訊提供下造成的駕駛分心以及在不同天候狀況下,於高速公路進行跟車時,有無適應性巡航控制系統對駕駛行為的影響。
為因應系統操作之因及實驗設計,開發、改善部分設備以及利用桌上型駕駛模擬儀作為實驗之需求有四個部分:一為改善系統操作過於繁雜之缺點、二為採用桌上行駕駛模擬儀,更方便測試與研究、三為開發適應性巡航控制系統模組,因應實驗因子的研究四為開發數字鍵盤擷取程式,探討對於駕駛者回答情況的掌握能力及分心程度上差異。
本研究結果顯示ACC系統可輔助駕駛者行車安全,且可降低車輛碰撞的發生次數。此外亦可改善駕駛績效,而無ACC系統的操控,其車速與跟車間距較不穩定,至於天候環境對於駕駛者行為亦有差異。對於駕駛者因車內資訊系統而造成的分心,ACC系統亦可發揮其效益,減少駕駛者之工作負荷,有助於專心開車。
摘要(英) Many automobile companies are producing vehicles with adaptive cruise control (ACC) system onboard. The ACC system enables a vehicle to do automatic vehicle following in the longitudinal direction. It has been argued that the smooth response of ACC vehicles to high-acceleration disturbances or large position errors creates large gaps between the ACC vehicle and the vehicle ahead inviting cut-ins. The effect of in-vehicle information systems (IVIS) on traffic safety is currently under debate and suitable methods for measuring and comparing the impact of such devices on driver behaviour are urgently required.
This study used a 2×2×3 experimental design. The between-subjects factors included ACC type (no ACC or ACC), weather type (sun or fog), and IVIS type (no, LCD or voice). Subjects were instructed that their main task was to drive the driving simulator. Moreover, they were also given a sub-task of adding two single-digit numbers from 1 to 9 or adding two double-digit numbers from 10 to 49. Thirty-two licensed drivers drove a vehicle while they are following a lead vehicle in two conditions: sudden cut-in of a vehicle from an adjacent lane and closing to a preceding vehicle.
The results show that the ACC is effective in reducing drivers’ mental workload and it also improves operational performance. Results from this study demonstrate that ACC systems induce behavioral adaptation of drivers in terms of changes in workload, hazard detection, and driving performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 駕駛模擬儀
★ 適應性巡航控制系統
★ 煞車反應時間
關鍵字(英) ★ Driving simulator
★ Adaptive cruise control
★ Reation time at brake
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
總目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究方法與流程 6
1.3 論文架構 9
第二章 文獻回顧 10
2.1 國外駕駛模擬儀發展現況 10
2.1.1 桌上型駕駛模擬系統 10
2.1.2 固定式基座駕駛模擬系統 12
2.1.3 六軸運動平台駕駛模擬系統 13
2.2 適應性巡航控制系統 15
2.2.1 適應性巡航控制系統介紹 15
2.2.2 ACC系統應用研究 21
2.3 車內資訊系統 22
2.4 天氣因素 23
2.5 本章結論 24
第三章 駕駛模擬儀設備介紹與技術開發 26
3.1 駕駛模擬儀軟硬體介紹 26
3.1.1 駕駛模擬儀硬體 26
3.1.2 駕駛模擬儀軟體 29
3.2 駕駛模擬儀之技術開發 32
3.2.1 Server端控制系統 32
3.2.2 開發Client端之數學題目播放程式 42
3.2.3 開發Client端之數字按鍵擷取程式 44
3.2.4 場景建置注意事項 47
3.3 本章結論 47
第四章 適應性巡航系統對駕駛者之駕駛績效 48
4.1 研究背景與目的 48
4.2 實驗設計 48
4.2.1 研究範圍與對象 48
4.2.2 場景設計 51
4.2.3 事件設計 53
4.2.4 車內資訊裝置設計 56
4.3 實驗資料記錄項目說明 58
4.4 實驗流程 60
4.5 實驗資料整理 62
4.6 資料分析與討論 63
4.6.1 煞車反應時間-旁插事件 63
4.6.2 煞車反應時間-緊急煞車事件 64
4.6.3 碰撞次數(與事件車輛) 66
4.6.4 跟車時間間距(time gap) 67
4.6.5 問題思考平均時間 69
4.6.6 問題答錯率 72
4.6.7 主觀評量問卷(NASA-TLX) 75
4.7 本章結論 79
第五章 結論與未來發展建議 81
5.1 結論 81
5.2 未來發展與建議 82
參考文獻 84
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指導教授 黃俊仁(Jiun-Ren Hwang) 審核日期 2006-7-14
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