博碩士論文 93323119 詳細資訊


姓名 王鏡淳(Chin-Tsun Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 水在蛇型流道之行為探討
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摘要(中) 摘要
本文為探討質子交換膜電池內陰極水生成量大小之排水問題,模擬三維之蛇行流道,在不考慮化學反應的條件下來觀察水在流道內的行為模式與入口空氣速度影響水排除效率的關係。
以三種不同之入口空氣速度利用水體積的多寡探討在少量水生成與大量水生成下水在流道內的行為模式。在流道中加入擋板與更改成局部漸縮式的流道並比較與原始流道的排水量的關係,並探討改變流道後影響排水量的因素。
本文結果顯示由於空氣對水的慣性力、黏滯力與剪應力帶動了水的運動。由於空氣速度分佈都會慢慢呈現fully developed的狀態,使水最後的分布均在流道兩側。少量水生成的情形由於本文只探討三個入口空氣速度的影響,所以若把速度加大後有多少水會帶離出口,並無法更確切得知。大量水生成時,速度較快的入口流速會導致較快的排水效率。改變流道會造成局部水在水通道變小處與角落處堆積,造成排水效率不良。
摘要(英) ABSTRACT
This article discussed the water behavior in serpentine channel for proton exchange membrane fuel cell cathode and inlet velocity effect for water removing without considering chemical reaction.
Using three different inlet velocities, this article discussed the water behavior in channel for less and larger water generation, and compared with the original model about the water removal by using partially blocked channel and gradually decreased area in part of channel. The factor of water removal in changing the fluid channel would be also discussed.
This article pointed out that water would be moved by viscous force, inertia force, and shear stress which were provided by the air. Water would spread along two sides of channel because the air velocity would be fully developed gradually. For less water generation, this article only discussed three different inlet air velocity influences so that water removal by increasing air velocity was unknown. For larger water generation, with faster air inlet velocity, the water removal efficiency would be better. Changing the fluid channel made particle water accumulate in corner and in location of blocked channel which would cause the worse effect of water removal.
關鍵字(中) ★ 水管理
★ 質子交換膜燃料電池
★ 水行為模式
關鍵字(英) ★ water behavior
★ water management
★ PEM fuel cell
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
目錄………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅴ
符號說明…………………………………………………………………Ⅷ
第一章 序論……………………………………………………………1
1.1 前言………………………………………………………1
1.2 燃料電池工作原理………………………………………2
1.3 質子交換膜燃料電池之構造與運作原理………………3
1.4 文獻回顧…………………………………………………4
1.5 研究動機與目的…………………………………………8
第二章 理論模式………………………………………………………9
2.1 物理模型與基本假設……………………………………9
2.2 統御方程式……………………………………………10
2.2.1 VOF模組…....…………………………………..10
2.2.2 The Volume Fraction Equation…………………..10
2.2.3 動量方程式....……………………………….…..11
2.3 邊界設定………………………………………………12
2.3.1 出入口邊界.....…………………………………..12
2.3.2 壁面邊界…………………………………….…..12
2.4 水的初始設定……………………………………………14
第三章 數值方法………………………………………………………15
3.1 使用軟體………………………………………………15
3.1.1 Gambit模組…....………………………………..15
3.1.2 Fluent模組…………………..…………………..15
3.2 格點設定………………………………………………… 16
3.3 計算流程…….……………………………………………16
第四章 結果與討論……………………………………………………18
4.1小水滴運動模式分析………………………………….…18
4.2大水滴運動模式分析…...…………………………………20
4.3更改流道設計………………………………...……………22
4.3.1 流道中間加擋板..………………...……………..22
4.3.2 流道漸縮…………………….…………………..24
第五章 結論……………………………………………………………26
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………27
參考文獻 參考文獻
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18 FLUENT 6.1.22 User's Guide.
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指導教授 洪勵吾(Lih-Wu Hourng) 審核日期 2006-7-25
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