博碩士論文 93336022 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:10 、訪客IP:35.153.135.60
姓名 吳春吉(Chun-Chi Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所在職專班
論文名稱 竹科放流水中銅及砷來源追蹤分析及其對香山海域養殖區牡蠣影響之探討
(Potential Source Analysis and Metal Accumulation of Oyster Contaminated by Copper and Arsenic in Sien-San area, Hsin-Chu City)
相關論文
★ 工業廢水對灌溉水質影響之研究-以黃墘溪為例★ 廢冷陰極管汞回收處理效率之研究
★ 室內懸浮微粒與生物氣膠之相關性探討-以某醫學中心為例★ 化學機械研磨廢液對工業區污水處理效益與 操作成本之影響
★ 網路數位電力監測系統於大學用電行為分析之研究★ 光電業進行自願性碳標準(VCS)減量計畫可行性之研究
★ 污染農地整治後未能符合農用成因之探討★ 桃園縣居家入侵紅火蟻防治方法探討
★ 印刷電路板產業濕式製程廢液回收鈀金屬可行性之研究★ 不同表面特性黏土催化高分子凝聚劑與消毒劑(氯)反應之研究
★ 界面活性劑對土壤/水系統中有機污染物分佈行為之研究★ 淨水程序中添加高分子凝聚劑對混凝與加氯處理效應之研究
★ 土壤無機相對揮發性有機污染物吸∕脫附行為之影響★ 土壤對Triton 系列各EO鏈選擇性吸附之研究
★ 土壤有機質對土壤/水系統中低濃度非離子有機污染物吸附行為之研究★ 不同表面特性黏土催化水中有機物之氯化反應研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 摘 要
本研究主因為新竹香山海域所養殖牡蠣容易受到重金屬污染,而客雅溪被認為是造成香山附近海域牡蠣污染的主要來源,因此在本研究中收集了客雅溪91~93年水質監測資料與新竹科學園區放流水數據,連同香山附近海域重金屬銅與砷在海水與底泥中之監測資料進行數據分析,研判斷銅與砷在環境中流布情形,同時在研究的過程中也針對香山海域中海水、底泥與養殖牡蠣中重金屬濃度進行實際採樣分析,計算出所養殖牡蠣對於銅與砷之生物濃縮因子(bioconcentration factor, BCF),與估算可能的攝取速率常數,並藉上述結果推估可能污染源與牡蠣體內可能累積量。
經由研究的結果顯示,並未發現新竹科學園區所排放之廢水與牡蠣受污染情形有直接相關性,但客雅溪水質和海水與底泥中銅濃度有直接相關性,這顯示可能有其他污染源造成嚴重污染,在客雅溪水質部分則顯示當客雅溪中銅濃度愈高,海水中銅濃度也會愈高;當懸浮固體物含量愈高,海水中銅濃度愈低且底泥中銅含量愈高,而砷與客雅溪水質間,則未發現明顯相關性。對於生物濃縮因子的部分,牡蠣對銅的數值範圍約為104~106,砷則為102~104,此結果高於一般文獻值,牡蠣對於銅與砷之攝取速率常數範圍分別為446~1,066(1/day)與3.21~4.63(1/day),結果與文獻值接近,因此推測養殖一年的牡蠣體內銅與砷累積量可高達銅512~1,201 mg/kg,砷的累積量則約為2.21~3.97 mg/kg,此高濃度累積量值得相關單位採取適當因應措施。
摘要(英) Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate potential sources of oyster contaminated by copper and arsenic in Sien-San area, Hsin-Chu City. Because most contaminants were regarded as coming from the Keya River, monitoring contaminant data from the river and the content of copper and arsenic in marine and sediment collected from web site and reports, which could indicate the fate of the selected metal in environment. Despite the data mentioned above, in situ sampling and analysis for selected metal in various matrixes including marine, sediment, and oyster were carried out in order to obtain the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and uptake rate constant of the selected metals with regard to oyster. By examining the BCF and uptake rate constant, the accumulative amounts of the metals in oyster can be predicted.
The results of heavy metal analysis in various mediums and collected data from literatures indicate that there are no significant relation between contamination of Keya River and wastewater discharge from Science Park in Hsin-Chu City. The copper concentration in marine increases with increasing copper concentration in Keya River and decreases with increasing SS concentration in Keya River. Accordingly, the copper ions in marine and sediment were thought to result from plants near Keya River, but arsenic ions were not. As for the BCF, the ranges of BCF for copper and arsenic were set as104~106 and 102~104, respectively. The obtained BCF values in this study are slight higher than those in literature. The uptake rate constants (1/day) estimated for copper and arsenic are about 446~1066 and 3.21~4.63. Based on the predicted uptake rate constants, the accumulative amounts of heavy metal in oyster within one year can be calculated with which copper is about 512~1201 mg/kg and arsenic is about 2.21~3.97 mg/kg.
關鍵字(中) ★ 牡蠣
★ 重金屬污染
★ 生物濃縮因子
★ 攝取速率常數
★ 香山
關鍵字(英) ★ Heavy Metal
★ Arsenic
★ Oyster
★ Copper
★ Biocentration Factor(BCF)
論文目次 目 錄
目 次 頁次
目錄 ……………………………………………………………… Ⅰ
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………… ΙV
表目錄 ……………………………………………………………… V
第一章 前言.…………………………………………………….. 1
1-1 研究緣起.…………………………………………………….… 1
1-2 研究目的及方法.………………………………………………. 2
第二章 文獻回顧.………………………………………………... 4
2-1 客雅溪流域背景資料………………………………………….. 4
2-1-1 地理環境………………………………………………….. 4
2-1-2 水文……………………………………………………….. 8
2-1-3 地形及地勢……………………………………………….. 8
2-1-4 地質及土壤………………………………………………. 10
2-2 牡蠣生長特性與重金屬對牡蠣之影響……………………….. 10
2-2-1 牡蠣生長特性…………………………………………….. 10
2-2-2 重金屬對牡蠣之影響…………………………………….. 13
2-3 砷、銅之物化特性與其環境中之流布與健康影響………….. 14
2-3-1 重金屬與環境介質間之作用力………………………….. 14
2-3-2 砷、銅之物化特性………………………………………… 17
2-3-3 砷、銅之環境流布與應用………………………………… 18
2-3-4 砷與銅對人體的影響…………………………………….. 20
2-4 新竹科學工業園區產業特性及其水質狀況………………….. 22
2-4-1 新竹科學工業園區產業特性……………………………. 22
2-4-2 竹科污水理場處理功能及水質狀況…………………….. 28
2-5 客雅溪與鄰近流域可能產生之污染…………………………. 31
2-5-1 客雅溪流域監測站設置情形…………………………….. 31
2-5-2 雅溪流域沿岸污染源與三姓公溪及鹽港溪水質現況….. 33
2-6 香山海域牡蠣養殖現況與其含重金屬資之彙集…………….. 42
2-6-1 香山海域牡蠣養殖業狀況……………………………….. 42
2-6-2 香山海域牡蠣含重金屬資料之彙集…………………….. 43
第三章 實驗設備與研究方法……………………………………… 49
3-1 實驗內容……………………………………………….............. 49
3-2 採樣方式………………………………………………………. 51
3-2-1 實驗設備………………………………………………….. 51
3-2-2 分析之試劑……………………………………………….. 52
3-3 採樣方式……………………………………………………….. 54
3-3-1 海域水質採樣…………………………………………….. 54
3-3-2 海域底泥採樣調查……………………………………….. 55
3-3-3 牡蠣採樣方式…………………………………………….. 57
3-4 實驗分析方法………………………………………………….. 58
3-5 研究方法……………………………………………………….. 60
3-5-1 資料收集方式…………………………………………….. 60
3-5-2 銅、砷濃度分析…………………………………………… 60
3-5-3 牡蠣中重金屬含量與水質相關性討論………………….. 60
3-5-4 牡蠣中重金屬累積含量推估方式……………………….. 60
3-5-5 比較生物濃縮因子……………………………………….. 62
第四章 結果與討論………………………………………………… 64
4-1 資料收集...................................................................................... 64
4-1-1 客雅溪測站水質資料…………………………………….. 64
4-1-2 客雅溪出口海域底泥監測資料………………………….. 66
4-1-3 香山地區海域水質監測資料…………………………….. 68
4-1-4 竹科放流水監測資料…………………………………….. 69
4-2 銅、砷在不同介質濃度……………………………………….. 71
4-2-1 牡蠣體內銅、砷濃度含量………………………………… 71
4-2-2 底泥中銅、砷濃度含量檢測…………………………….. 74
4-2-3 海水中銅與砷濃度分析……………………………….…. 78
4-3 不同介質銅、砷含量與牡蠣生物濃縮因子之相關性……….. 86
4-3-1 海水中重金屬濃度對生物濃縮因子之影響探討……….. 86
4-3-2 海水底泥重金屬濃度對生物濃縮因子之影響………….. 91
4-3-3 河川水質對於海水中重金屬濃度之影響…………….…. 98
4-3-4 河川水質對於海水底泥中重金屬濃度之影響………….. 104
4-4 牡蠣體內重金屬累積速率常數……………………………….. 110
4-4-1 以海水重金屬濃度為基礎之累積速率常數………….…. 110
4-4-2 以海水與懸浮固體物計算累積速率常數…………….…. 112
4-4-3 預測牡蠣重金屬累積量……………………………….…. 114
第五章 結論與建議. ……………………………………………….. 117
5-1 結論…………………………………………………………….. 117
5-2 建議…………………………………………………………….. 118
參考文獻…………………………………………………………….. 119
參考文獻 參考文獻
Abbe, G. R.; Riedel, G. F. and Sanders J. G., (2000), Factors that influence the accumulation of copper and cadmium by transplanted eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) in the Patuxent River, Maryland, Mar. Environ. Res., 49, 377-396
Bloom, N.S. and E.A. Crecelius, (1987), Distribution of silver, mercury, lead, copper and cadmium in central peugeot sound sediments. Mar. Chem. 21, 377-390.
Bouchot, G. G.; Alvarez, R. S.; Perez, O. Z. and Ricalde, J. G., (1995), Histopathological effects of petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals on the American oyster (crassostrea virginica) from Tabasco, Mexico, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 31, 4-12, 439-445.
Bou-Olayan, A.-H.; Al-Mattar, S.; Al-Yakoob S. A. and Al-Hazeem, S., (1995), Accumulation of lead, cadmium, copper and nickel by pearl oyster, pinctada radiata, from Kuwait marine environment, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 30, 3 , 211- 214.
Conners, D. E. and Ringwood A. H., (2000), Effects of glutathione depletion on copper cytotoxicity in oysters (crassostrea virginica), Aquat. Toxicol., 50, 341-349.
Cullen, W. R. and Reimer, K. J., (1989), Aresenic speciation in the
environment, Chem. Rev., 89,713-764.
Elfwing, T. and Tedengren, M., (2002), Effects of copper on the metabolism of three species of tropical oysters, saccostrea cucullata, crassostrea lugubris and C. belcheri, Aquaculture, 204, 157-166.
Gebel, T., (2000), Confounding variables in environmental toxicology of
Arsenic, Toxicology, 144, 152-162.
Gibbs, R. J., (1997), Transport phases of transition metals in the Amazon and Yukon rivers, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer.. 88, 829-843.
Gifford, S.; Dunstan, H.; O’Connor, W. and Macfarlane, G. R., (2005), Quantification of in situ nutrient and heavy metal remediation by a small pearl oyster (pinctada imbricata) farm at port Stephens, Australia, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 50, 417-422.
Han, B.-C. and Hung, T.-C., (1990), Green oysters caused by copper pollution on the Taiwan coast, Environ. Pollut., 65, 347-362.
Han, B.-C. and Hung T.-C., (1994), Green oyster caused by copper pollution on the Taiwan coast, Environ. Pollut., 65, 347-362.
Han, B.-C.; Jeng, W.-L.; Tsai, Y.-N. and Jeng, M.-S.(1993), Depuration of copper and zinc by green oysters and blue mussels of Taiwan, Environ. Pollut., 82, 93-97.
Hardiman, S. and Pearson, B., (1995), Heavy metals, TBT and DDT in the Sydney rock oyster (saccostrea commercialis) sampled from the Hawkesbury River estuary, NSW, Australia, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 30, 563-567.
Ian B., (1998), Manifestation of copper excess, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 67, 1069-1073.
Jeng, M.-S.; Jeng,W.-L.; Hung T.-C.; Yeh, C.-Y.; Tseng R.-J.; Meng, P.-J. and Han, B.-C., (2000), Mussel watch: a review of Cu and other metals in various marine organisms in Taiwan, 1991–98, Environ. Pollut., 110, 207-215.
Karim, M. D. M., (2000), Arsenic in groundwater and health problems in
Bangladesh, Wat. Res., 34, 304-310.
Kohlmeyer, U.; Kuballa, J. and Jantzen, E., (2002), Simultaneous separation of 17 inorganic and organic arsenic compounds in marine biota by means of high performance liquid romatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, Rapid. Commun. Mass Sp., 16, 965-974.
Lagerkvist, L B. E. A.; Linderholm, H. and Nordberg, G. F., (1998), Arsenic and Raynaud’s phenomenon: Vasospastic tendency and excretion of arsenic in smelter workers before and after the summer vacation, Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, 60, 361.
Lawrence, J. F.; Michalik, P.; Tam, G. and Conacher, H. B. S.,(1986), Identification of arsenobetaine and arsenocholine in canadian fish and shellfish by high-performance liquid chromatography with atomic absorption detection and confirmation by fast atom bombardment mass pectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34, 315-319.
Leverton, R. M. and Binkey, E. S. (1944), The copper metabolism and
requirement of young woman, J. Nutr., 27, 43-52.
Lim, P.-E; Lee, C.-K. and Din, Z., (1995), Accumulation of heavy metals by cultured oysters from merbok estuary, Malaysia, Mar. Pollut. Bull.,
31, 4-12, 420-423.
Lim, P.-E.; Lee,C.-K and Din,Z., (1998),The kinetics of bioaccumulation of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium by oysters (crassostrea iredalei and C. belcheri) under tropical field conditions, Sci. Total Environ., 216, 147-157.
Lin, S. W. and Hsieh I. J., (1999), Occurrences of green oyster and heavy metals contaminant levels in the Sien-San area, Taiwan, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 38, 960-965.
Manuel O and Ricardo U., (1996), Copper as an essential nutritent, Am J Clin Nutr., 63 ,791-796.
Maria, C. L and Maryam, H. A., (1996), Copper biochemistry and
molecularbiology, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 63, 797-811.
Mayer, L. M. and Fink Jr., L. K., (1989), Granulometric dependence of chromium accumulation in estuarine sediments in marine, Est. Coast. Mar. Sci., 11, 491-503.
O’Connor, T. P. and Lauenstein, G. G., (2005), Status and trends of copper
concentrations in mussels and oysters in the USA, Mar. Chem., 97, 49-59.
Ringwood, A. H.; Conners, D. E. and DiNovo, A., (1998), The effects of copper exposures on cellular responses in oysters, Mar. Environ. Res., 46 (1-5), 591-595.
Sanchez-Rodas, D.; Geiszinger, A.; Gomez-Arizaa, J. L. and Francesconi, K. A., (2002), Determination of an arsenosugar in oyster extracts by liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry and liquid
chromatography-ultraviolet photo-oxidation-hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry, Analyst, 127,60-65.
Schoof, R. A.; Yost, L. J.; Eickhooff, J.; Crecelius, E. A.; Cragin, D. W.; Meacher, D. M. and Menzel, D. B., (1999), A market basket survey of
inorganic arsenic in food, Food Chem. Toxicol., 37, 839-846.
Sekulic, B.; Sapunar, J. and Bazulic, D., (1993), Arsenic in norway lobster (nephrops norvegicus L.) from Kvarneric bay-northeastern Adriatic, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 51, 460-463.
Smith, J. D., Nicholson, R. A. and Moore P. J., (1973), Mercury in sediments from the Thames estuary, Environ. Pollut., 4, 153-157.
Weis, P.; Weis, J. S.; Couch, J.; Daniels, C. and Chen, T., (1995),
Pathological and genotoxicological observations in oysters (crassostrea virginica) living on chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood, Mar. Environ. Res., 39, 275-278.
亞太環境科技股份有限公司,「九十一年度新竹市海域環境監測調查計畫之期末報告」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2002。
亞太環境科技股份有限公司,「九十二年度流域整體性水污染管制計畫」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2003。
亞太環境科技股份有限公司,「九十二年度新竹市海域環境品質調查監測計畫」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2003。
台灣曼寧工程顧問有限公司,「九十一年度客雅溪流域污染源調查及水質改善規劃計畫」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2002。
朱訓智,「鋅、鉻在分層土壤中傳輸與吸持機制之探討」,屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系碩士論文,2002。
吳錦景,「鋼作業勞工砷暴露及聽力損失之調查研究」,國防醫學院年報,1984。
松暉工程顧問有限公司,「新竹市科學工業園區排放水管理及其流域水質保護計畫期末報告」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2003。
福邦工程顧問有限公司,「九十二科學工業園區排放水管理及其流域水質保護計畫」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2003。
福邦工程顧問有限公司,「九十三年度新竹科學園區廢(污)水排放水稽查及管理計畫期末報告」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2004。
福邦工程顧問有限公司,「九十四年度新竹科學園區廢(污)水排放水稽查及管理計畫」,新竹市環保局委託計畫,2005。
指導教授 李俊福(Jiunn-Fwu Lee) 審核日期 2006-7-21
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明