博碩士論文 93434030 詳細資訊


姓名 郭錦華(Jen-Hwa Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所在職專班
論文名稱 亞洲網際網路擴散與數位落差之實證研究
(The Diffusion of Internet and the Digital Divide in Asian)
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本文主要研究亞洲國家及亞洲高所得國家、低所得國家之網際網路擴散的影響因素。同時,探討亞洲高所得國家及低所得國家之間有關社會經濟發展、政府開放政策及社會資源等對數位落差產生的影響因素。
本實證研究對象為亞洲生產力組織(APO:Asian Productivity Organization)的20個國家加上中國,合計21個亞洲國家。研究期間為2000年至2005年。所採用之原始資料皆取自「ITU(International Telecommunication Union) ICT Statistics Database網站」及「世界開發銀行(The World Bank; WDI) 2007年 Indicators網站」資料。估計方法採用傳統Panel Data估計方法。包括Pooling data、固定效果(Fixed effect)及隨機效果(Random effect),並且以Hausman test(1978)來檢定出最適合本實證的估計方法。
本文實證結果:1.整個亞洲而言,開放寬頻線路市場及電話、行動電話普及率對網際網路擴散為顯著正向影響,人口密度為顯著負向影響。2.亞洲低所得國家而言,開放寬頻線路市場及電話、行動電話普及率對網際網路擴散為顯著正向影響,人口密度為負向影響。3.亞洲高所得國家而言,是否參與世界貿易組織、個人電腦數量、網路主機普及率、行動電話普及人口密度對網際網路擴散為顯著正向影響,國民生產毛額及電話遍佈率為顯著負向影響。
摘要(英) This thesis attempts to explore the factors of Internet diffusion in Asian countries, high-income countries of Asia and low-income countries. At the same time, also consider the impact of socio-economic development, open government policies and social resources on the digital divide.
The empirical research is for the Asian Productivity Organization (APO: Asian Productivity Organization) of 20 countries plus China, total 21 Asian countries. This is a research for the period 2000 - 2005. The raw data used are taken from the "ITU (International Telecommunication Union) ICT Statistics Database website" and "World Development Bank (The World Bank; WDI) 2007 Indicators site". This thesis adopts panel data estimation methods, including Pooling data, the fixed effect and the random effect technique. Hausman test is used to determine the appropriate estimation method in the empirical study.
The empirical results are listed as follows.
1. For the whole of Asia, opening up the broadband market and telephone penetration rate, mobile phone penetration rate have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. Population density has a significantly negative impact.
2. For low-income Asian countries, opening up the broadband market and telephone penetration rate, mobile phone penetration rate have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. Population density has a negative impact.
3. For Asian high-income countries, whether or not to participate in the World Trade Organization, the number of personal computers, the Internet host penetration rate, mobile phones penetration rate and population density have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. The gross national product and telephone penetration rate have a significantly negative impact.
關鍵字(中) ★ 技術擴散
★ 數位落差
★ 網際網路
關鍵字(英) ★ Digital Divide
★ Internet
★ Technological Diffusion
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研就動機與目的 ……………………………… 1
第二節 第二節 研究方法與資料來源 ………………………… 3
第三節 本文架構 ……………………………………… 4
第二章 亞洲網際網路擴散與數位落差概況…………………… 6
第一節 亞洲網際網路擴散與數位落差現況…………... 8
第二節 東北亞網際網路擴散與數位落差現況 ……… 12
第三節 東南亞網際網路擴散與數位落差現況 ……… 14
第三章 文獻回顧與探討 ……………………………………… 16
第一節 網際網路發展相關文獻 ……………………… 16
第二節 技術擴散相關文獻 …………………………… 20
第三節 數位落差相關文獻 …………………………… 24
第四章 實證模型與估計方法 ………………………………… 26
第一節 模型設定 ……………………………………… 26
第二節 估計方法 ……………………………………… 28
第三節 變數說明與資料來源 ………………………… 31
第五章 實證結果 ……………………………………………… 44
第一節 亞洲網際網路擴散之實證結果 ……………… 44
第二節 亞洲高所得國家網際網路擴散之實證結果… 47
第三節 亞洲低所得國家網際網路擴散之實證結果… 50
第六章 結論與建議 …………………………………………… 53
第一節 結論 …………………………………………… 53
第二節 後續研究建議 ………………………………… 55
中文參考文獻部份………………………………………………... 56
英文參考文獻部份 ……………………………………………… 57
附錄1 技術擴散相關實證文獻…………………………………. 62
圖 目 錄
圖1.1 研究流程圖 ……………………………………………… 5
圖2.1 2005年全球個人電腦與網際網路普及圖………………… 7
圖2.2 亞洲網際網路擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)………………… 9
圖2.3 亞洲個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)………………… 10
圖2.4 東北亞國家網際網路擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)………… 12
圖2.5 東北亞個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)……………… 13
圖2.6 東南亞國家網際網路擴散圖 (ITU 2000-2004)………… 14
圖2.7 東南亞國家個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)………… 15
圖4.1 網際網路運作模式圖……………………………………… 31
參考文獻 中文參考文獻
1. 市村真一,「日本的東亞戰略-經濟繁榮與政治穩定」,國策雙月刊,1995 http://www.inpr.org.tw:9998/inprc/pub/jounals/titles.html
2. 行政院國家資訊通訊發展推動小組網站(NICI): http;//www.nici.nat.gov.tw/content/application/nici/fulltext.class/cntgrp-browse.php
3.范盛庚, 「聯合技術擴散之分析- 以存活時間模型探討台灣地區CNC與CAD/CAM之採用」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1996
4.洪德昌, 「我國光電科技擴散之實證研究」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1988
5.高長、吳瑟致,「東亞經濟區塊化的中國大陸因素與台灣角色」,經濟情勢濟評論,經濟部,2005年6月
6.陳忠榮、陳正倉、林惠玲、莊春發,「產業經濟學」,雙葉書廊,2004
7.鄭文農, 「台灣高層次自動化機器設備採用之探討- 以存活時間模型分析」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1995
8.經濟部報導月刊,「東南亞經濟前景探討」,今日經濟季刊,376期,經濟部,1999
9.戴?琪,「 OECD及台灣行動電話用戶數擴散的時間軌跡研究」,台灣大學經濟研究所碩士論文, 2002
英文參考文獻
8. Almeida, R. and A. M. Fernandes (2006), “Openness and Technological Innovations in Developing Countries Evidence from Firm-Level Surveys”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 3985.
9. APO. Asian Productivity Organization (2002), “2nd World Conference on Green Productivity”, Available Online: http://www.apo-tokyo.org/gp/manila_conf02/index.html
10. Asian Development Bank (2005), “Key Indicators 2005-Lbor Markets in Asia: Promoting Full, Productive, and Decent Employment”
11. Beilock, R. and D. V. Dimitrova (2003), “An Exploratory Model of Inter-country Internet Diffusion”, Telecommunications Policy, 27, 237-252.
12. Xu, B. and E. P. Chiang (2005), “Trade, Patents and International Technology Diffusion”, Journal International Trade & Economic Development, 14, 115-135.
13. Canepa, A. and P. Stoneman (2004), “Comparative International Diffusion: Patterns, Determinants and Policies”, Economics of Innovation New Technology, 13, 279- 298.
14. Chinn, M. D. and R.W. Fairlie (2004), “The Determinants of The Global Digital Divide: A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration”, NBER Working Paper Series
15. Chinn, M.D. and R.W. Fairlie (2006), “ICT Use The Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration”, NBER Working Paper Series
16. Chaudhuri, A and K. S. Flamm and J. Horrigan (2005), “An analysis of the Determinants of Internet Access”, Telecommunications Policy,29, 731-755.
17. Crenshaw, E. C. and K. K. Robison (2006), “Globalization and the Digital Divide: The Roles of Structural Conduciveness and Global Connection in Internet Diffusion”, Social Science Quarterly, 87,190-207.
18. Fairlie, R.W. (2005), “An extension of the Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Technique to Logit and Probit Models”, Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 30, 305-316.
19. Frantzen, D. (2004), “Technological Diffusion and Productivity Convergence: A Study for Manufacturing in the OECD”, Southern Economic Journal, 71, 352-376.
20. Greenstein, S. and J. Prince (2006), “The Diffusion of Internet and the Geography of the Digital Divide in the United States”, Institute for Policy Research Northwestern University
21. Gruber, H (2001), “Competition and Innovation the diffusion of Mobile Telecommunications in Central and Eastern Europe”, Information Economics and Policy, 13, 19-34.
22. Gruber, H. and F. Verboven (2001), “The Diffusion of Mobile Telecommunications Services in the European Union”, European Economic Review, 45, 577-588.
23. Gruber, H. and F. Verboven (2001), “The Evolution of Markets Under Entry and Standards Regulation – The Case of Global Mobile Telecommunications”, International journal of Industrial Organization, 19, 1189-1212.
24. Hausman, J. A. (1978), “Specification Tests in Econometrics”, Econometric, 46, 1251-1271.
25. Hannan, T. H. and J. M. McDowell (1987), “Rival Precedence and the Dynamics of Technology Adoption: an Empirical Analysis”, Economica, 54, 155-171.
26. Humphrey, D. B. (1994), “Delivering Deposit Services: ATMs Versus Branches”, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Economic Quarterly, 80, 59- 81.
27. ISC.(2006).ISC Internet Systems Consortium, Available Online: http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/
28. ITU.(2006). ITU telecommunication indicators, Available Online: http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/statistics/index.html
29. ITU. (2006). World Information Society Report, International Telecommunication Union
30. .Kiiski, H. and Pohjola (2002), “Cross-country Diffusion of the Internet”, Information Economics and Policy, 14, 297-310.
31. Koski K. and T. Kretschmer (2005), “Entry, Standards and Competition: Firm Strategies and the Diffusion of Mobile Telephony”, Review of Industrial Organization, 26, 89-113.
32. Levin, S. G. and S. L.Levin and J. B. Meisel (1985). “Meisel, Intermarket Differences in the Early Diffusion of an Innovation”, Southern Economic Journal, 51, 672-680.
33. Mansfield, E. (1969), “Industrial Research and Development: Characteristics, Costs, and Diffusion of Results”, American Economic Review, 59, 65-71.
34. Mansfield, E (1975), “International Technology Transfer: Forms, Resource Requirements, and Policies”, American Economic Review, 65, 372-376.
35. Mariscal, J. (2005), “Digital Divide in a Developing Country”, Telecommunications Policy, 29, 409-428.
36. Liu, M. C. and G. San (2006), “Social Learning and Digital Divides; A Case Study of Internet Technology Diffusion”, KYKLOS, 59, 307-321.
37. Milner, H. V. (2003), “The Global Spread of the Internet: The Role of International Diffusion Pressures in Technology Adoption”, Columbia University
38. Norris, P. (2001), “Digital Divide- Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and The Internet Worldwide”, Cambridge University Press
39. Philibert, C. (2003), “Technology Innovation, Development and Diffusion”, OECD and IEA Information Pape
40. Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B. and K. Lal (2003), “The internet Diffusion in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-country Analysis”, United Nations University
41. Wong, P. K. (2002), “ICT Production and Discussion in Asia Digital Dividends or Digital Divide?”, Information Economics and Policy, 14, 167- 187.
42. Romeo, A. A. (1975), “Interindustry and Interfirm Differences in the Rate of Diffusion of an Innovation”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 57, 311-319.
43. Sciadas, G. (2005), “The Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities-Measuring Inforstates for Development”, ITU(International Telecommunication Union)
44. WEF. World Economic Forum, (2006), Available Online: http://www.weforum.org/en/index.htm
45. WDI. The World Bank Group, (2007), WDI Data Query: http://Devdata.worldbank.org/data-query/
指導教授 陳忠榮(Jong-Rong Chen) 審核日期 2008-5-11
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡