博碩士論文 93447005 詳細資訊




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姓名 張婷婷(Ting-ting Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 職家增益的前因、後果及調節變項之研究
(The enrichment between Work and Family: Antecedents, Consequences and Moderator)
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摘要(中) 本研究採用三波段的縱貫研究(three-wave study)探討工作與家庭的雙向增益之前因與其後果。前因是指工作資源(主管支持、工作時間的自主性、非正式工作彈性)、家庭資源(家人支持)與個人特徵資源(自我效能),而後果則是工作滿意、家庭滿意與個人幸福感。更重要的,本研究亦探討個體自我觀之「互依我」對工作資源、家庭資源與工作-家庭增益(WFE)、家庭-工作增益(FWE)的調節效果。以全職工作者為研究樣本,縱貫三個時間點進行問卷調查,6個月的時間間隔,最初施測發放381份問卷,回收351份有效問卷;最終施測回收的有效問卷為283份,有效回收率為74.3%。
就結構方程模式與階層迴歸分析的研究結果發現:工作資源中的主管支持、個人特徵資源(自我效能)與WFE、FWE有正向關係,家庭資源只與FWE有正向關係。在後果變項上的預測,WFE能預測工作滿意,FWE能預測家庭滿意,而工作滿意與家庭滿意則進一步預測個人幸福感。「互依我」則可以調節工作資源中的主管支持與WFE的關係。最後,針對研究結果提出討論與建議。
摘要(英) The purpose of this three-wave study was to systematically examine antecedents and consequences of work-to-family enrichment (WFE) and family-to-work enrichment (FWE). Antecedents include work resources (supervisory support, flexible leave and work time autonomy) and family resources (family support). Consequences are work satisfaction, family satisfaction, and happiness. The moderating effects of interdependent self were also examined. The data were collected from full-time employees at three different time points each with six months in between. At the end of the study period, 283 participants had data for all three times (overall retention rate of 74.3%).
The results based on structural equation modeling and hierarchical regression revealed that (1) work resources (supervisory support) were positively related to WFE and FWE, while family resources (family support) were positively related to FWE. (2)WFE was related to increased work satisfaction, while FWE was related to increased family satisfaction. Both work satisfaction and family satisfaction were positively related to happiness. More importantly, interdependent self enhanced the positive effect of work resources (supervisory support) on WFE. Implications for management and future research are discussed.
關鍵字(中) ★ 職家增益
★ 工作-家庭增益
★ 家庭-工作增益
★ 工作與家庭資源
★ 互依我
關鍵字(英) ★ work and family enrichment
★ work-to-family enrichment (WFE)
★ family-to-work enrichment (FWE)
★ work and family resources
★ interdependent self
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
第一章 序論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的5
第二章 文獻探討7
第一節 工作與家庭 7
第二節 工作與家庭介面的連結機制14
第三節 職家增益的的前因、後果與調節效果21
第三章 研究方法39
第一節 研究架構與假設39
第二節 研究對象40
第三節 研究工具41
第四章 研究結果44
第一節 樣本描述44
第二節 研究變項描述性統計與相關分析45
第三節 結構方程模式分析結果49
第四節 階層式調節性迴歸分析結果57
第五章 討論與建議 60
第一節 研究結果60
第二節 管理意函62
第三節 研究限制與與未來研究建議63
參考文獻66
附錄一 問卷79
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指導教授 陸洛(Luo Lu) 審核日期 2013-1-21
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