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姓名 朱官柏(Guan-Po Chu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學研究所碩士在職專班
論文名稱 光學印刷電路板之製作與特性分析
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摘要(中) 在高效能的電子系統中,處理器的數目越來越多,晶片的速度越來越快,但系統的性能被晶片間相互連結的金屬線路所局限,在這類系統中,光學連結會被考慮來取代電子連結,因為光學連結對頻寬的高容量可降低系統的性能受線路長度的影響。聚合物光波導因為能使成本降低、可得較高佈線密度且有機會與電路板製程整合,所以一直是光波導材料的重點研究對象。
本研究所使用的EpoCore 和EpoClad 是以含環氧基的聚合物為基本所發展的光阻劑。使用作為核心材料的EpoCore和作為覆蓋隔離的EpoClad,可在標準電路板技術和量產設備下製作熱穩定性高的光波導產品。
在光波導線路製作與量測後,我們得到光波導的平均傳輸損耗約為0.45dB/cm , 達到我們所訂定之規格(0.5dB/cm) 。為了後續將光波導線路設計於印刷電路板內層,在搭配VSCEL與PD後可進行二維的光訊號傳遞,本研究第二部分針對具有45°鏡面的光波導線路進行零件高度、鏡面角度與粗糙度的光學模擬,同時彙整45°鏡面的製作方法供後續研究參考。
摘要(英) With the increasing of the number of processors and the operational speed, electronic interconnect suffers attenuation, cross talk, power consumption, with degrades the performance of high speed transmission systems. Optical interconnects, on the contrary, are being considered to replace electrical interconnects due to their high bandwidth capacity, immunity to electromagnetic interference, low cost and sufficiently light weight. Polymer waveguides are attractive candidates as optical interconnect media since their capability to enable low-cost and high-density interconnects, and can be easily integrated into current organic board-level processes.
EpoCoreTM and EpoCladTM are chemically strengthened photoresists based on multifunctional oligomers containing epoxy groups. Using EpoCore as core material and EpoClad as cladding, thermally stable optical waveguides are fabricated, via standard circuit board fabrication technology.
The average propagation loss of the waveguide is estimated to be 0.45dB/cm; at wavelength of λ=850nm. In order to access whether the waveguide can be made on the inner large of the PCB we simulate the propagation characteristics through the linkage from the VSCEL, 45 degree mirror, to the PD. Variousparamters such as the height of the VCSEL and PD,angle of the mirror,and surface roughness are all taken in to account.
It is concluded that the alignment tolerance can be made less stringent if the effective area of the PD can be made larger (0.2 mm x 0.2mm) and the Diverging angle of the VCSEL can be made smaller (8 degree).
關鍵字(中) ★ 45°鏡面
★ 有機光波導
關鍵字(英) ★ 45 degree mirror
★ Organic waveguide
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 光學電路板(EOCB)簡介 1
1.2 光學電路板研究計劃 5
1.3 論文架構 6
第二章 應用於印刷電路板之光波導聚合物材料 7
2.1 光波導聚合物材料介紹 7
2.2 造成光波導中光耗損的因素 9
2.3 光波導聚合物材料EpoCore 和EpoClad介紹 11
第三章 光波導聚合物於印刷電路板上的製作及光學特性的量測 14
3.1 光波導線路製作介紹 14
3.1.1 傳統影像轉移 14
3.1.2 雷射直接成像(LDI) 15
3.1.3 壓鑄成像(Embossing) 17
3.1.4 各製程優缺點比較 20
3.2 EOCB上光波導線路製作 21
3.2.1 光波導線路製作流程 21
3.2.2 光波導線路上光訊號量測 23
3.2.2.1 量測實驗裝置 23
3.2.2.2 光訊號量測項目 24
第四章 有機光波導之光學模擬 28
4.1 光源高度及光接受器高度改變時光損耗之模擬 29
4.2 當45°鏡面角度改變時光損耗變化之模擬 75
4.3 當45°鏡面非光滑平面時光損耗變化之模擬 85
第五章 結論及未來展望 97
5.1 結論 97
5.1.1 本計劃現階段成果 97
5.1.2 計劃階段成果檢討 100
5.2 未來展望 108
5.2.1 直接於光波導聚合物上製作45°鏡面 109
5.2.1.1 傳統影像轉移 109
5.2.1.2 雷射燒融(Laser Ablation) 111
5.2.1.3 機械切割(Dicing) 112
5.2.1.4 層次性灰階影像轉移(Grey Scale lithography) 113
5.2.1.5 熱壓鑄成像(Hot Embossing) 114
5.2.2 有機光波導線路製作於印刷電路板內層 116
5.2.2.1 多層板壓合 116
5.2.2.2 機械鑽孔與通孔電鍍製程 117
5.2.3 含45度角之有機光波導模組於電路板上的應用 117
參考資料 120
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指導教授 戴朝義(Chao-Yi Tai) 審核日期 2009-3-25
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