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姓名 張軒源(Hsuan-Yuan Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 孔隙流體對滾筒中顆粒流動之影響
(Effect of interstitial fluid on a granular flowing layer in the drum)
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摘要(中) 顆粒流廣泛的應用於各領域中,為了簡化濕顆粒所產生複雜之物理現象,一般僅考慮乾顆粒之流動情形。本研究為了探討孔隙液體對顆粒流動的影響,以滾筒作為實驗儀器,並加入不同濃度之甘油與水之混合液,並以粒子影像分析方法作為顆粒流研究之基礎。相關之運動特性大致與前人研究相符。本研究發現在滾動流況時,主、被動層之速度分佈可視為兩段線性分佈;於較低含液量時,流動層顆粒受表面張力及液體濃度的影響改變了顆粒在乾狀態時應有的流動特徵;高含液量時,滾筒邊壁因液體產生之潤滑效應,使顆粒產生新的擺盪型態,其特性與前人所述之擺盪有所不同;滾筒中顆粒隨福祿數與填充量不同而有不同之流動型態,實驗尺度比(D/d)的改變將影響相位圖的變化,而含水量之變化猶如降低尺度比,使相位圖流況區域產生變化。
摘要(英) Granular flow which was extensively applied in many field. A dominant aspect of granular flows is flow in thin surface layers while an understanding of the dynamics of dry granular surface flow has begun to emerge, the case of flow when air is replaced by a liquid is largely unexplored. This study discussed the granular flow effect of the interstitial fluid in the drum. Experiments were performed using particle tracking velocimetry(PTV) in a quasi-two-dimensional rotating tumbler to measure the velocity field within the flowing layer of monodisperse spherical particles, for a range of Froude numbers,fluid densities and fluid viscosities. The angle of repose with a liquid interstitial fluid are generally larger than for the dry system under similar conditions. At higher liquid content, lubrication forces play a role to general a new flowing regime in the drum; The dry granular in the drum have six flowing regimes with different Froude number and filling ratio. In this study compared the phase diagram with dry and wet system.
關鍵字(中) ★ 顆粒流
★ 圓周福祿數
★ 滑脫速度
★ 液橋
★ 滾筒
關鍵字(英) ★ liquid bridge.
★ slip velocity
★ Froude number
★ granular flow
★ drum
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
謝誌 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 XI
符號表 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 乾、濕顆粒之比較 3
1.4 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 土石流相關理論 6
2.2 顆粒流的實驗配置 7
2.3 顆粒流於滾筒中之研究 8
2.3.1 乾顆粒滾筒 8
2.3.2 滾筒中含液體之顆粒流 10
2.4 滾筒中顆粒的量測方法 13
2.5 滾筒流況分析 14
2.6 徑向速度剖面之分析 15
2.7 剪應變率(SHEAR RATE) 15
2.8 粒子溫度(GRANULAR TEMPERATURE) 17
2.9 黏性系統中之特性描述參數 17
2.10 兩顆粒間之液橋力 20
第三章 實驗設備和步驟 21
3.1 實驗設備 21
3.2 實驗步驟 27
3.3 粒子影像分析 31
第四章 實驗結果分析 36
4.1 滾動流況運動(ROLLING MOTION) 36
4.1.1 滾動流況下之流動層厚度 38
4.1.2 滾動流況下之動態安息角 40
4.1.3 滾動流況之速度分佈 41
4.1.4 邊壁滑脫速度之分析 46
4.1.5 滾動流況之特性整合 49
4.2 湧波流況運動(CASCADING MOTION) 49
4.2.1 湧波之流動表面剖面 52
4.2.2 湧波之流動速度剖面 56
4.3 滾動後之擺盪運動(SLUMPING MOTION) 60
4.4 濕顆粒之運動特性 68
4.5 滾筒中顆粒運動型態分類(PHASE DIAGRAM) 69
4. 5.1 滾筒乾顆粒運動型態分類 69
4.5.2 滾筒濕顆粒運動型態分類 73
第五章 結論與建議 77
5.1 結論 77
5.2 建議 78
參考文獻 79
附錄 一 83
附錄 二 87
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指導教授 周憲德(Hsien-Ter Chou) 審核日期 2007-7-24
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