博碩士論文 943203012 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:5 、訪客IP:3.239.4.127
姓名 吳振漢(Chen-Han Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 電腦輔助機械零件製造成本預估 – 以單軸押出機減速機為例
(Computer Aided Estimation of Manufacturing Costs of Machine Parts in Design Stage – With an Example of a Single-Axle Extruder Drive)
相關論文
★ LED封裝點膠系統創新設計之研究★ 夾治具概念設計方法之研究
★ 葡萄糖檢測電極基材之化銅電鍍鎳金製程開發研究★ 印刷電路板蝕刻製程設計與可視化驗證實驗
★ 平行軸錐形齒輪齒根應力特性之研究★ 漸開線直齒錐形齒輪齒根應力之量測與分析
★ 單軸押出機減速機系列產品之計算機輔助開發模式之研究★ 漸開線直齒錐形齒輪齒根應力計算模型之初步研究
★ 非旋轉式表面電漿儀之創新設計與製作★ 電腦輔助單軸押出機減速機系列產品之開發
★ 單軸押出機減速機箱體系列化發展模式之研究★ 直齒錐形齒輪齒根應力解析計算模式之研究
★ 具點接觸型態之歪斜軸錐形齒輪對齒面疲勞破壞之初步研究★ 粉末冶金齒輪齒根疲勞強度之研究
★ 電腦輔助設計程式模組之建構-以齒輪減速機為例★ 探空火箭回收艙之結構設計與品質管制
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) 在機械製造業中,降低成本是各家廠商追求的目標,傳統上在產品設計的階段並沒有將成本的資訊考慮進去,以致於無法即時改善設計降低成本。為了能在設計階段即得知成本資訊,本研究利用「作業基礎成本制」的觀念建立起一成本評估模式與程式模組,掛載在自行開發的電腦輔助設計軟體下,估算已參數化的減速機中重要零件製造成本,如傳動軸與齒輪。程式使用VB程式語言,透過API的功能,可與EXCEL中所建立的資料庫進行連結,使用者也可在程式介面中更動機台設定、刀具設定、成本參數以符合需要,各項設定完成後即可立即得知減速機零件的製造成本,可據此分析成本浪費的原因,以達到改善成本的目的。
  本研究同時針對兩個案例來探討減速機成本的變化─第一個案例是在相同型號及輸入參數,但減速比不同的情況下,討論不同速比型號中各零件製造成本結構的變化;第二個案例是針對系列化減速機的不同零件加工成本變化,探討了案例設計中車床、外圓磨床及滾齒機的成本成長曲線。藉由此兩個案例分析可提供給設計者作為未來設計改善的參考。
摘要(英) Cost reduction is the goal that every firm in machine industry pursues. At the early stage of mechanical product design, the designers will not achieve the cost target, if the cost information is not available. The goal of this study is to establish a cost evaluation model based on “Activity Based Costing” (ABC) to get cost related information at the beginning of mechanical product design. The model utilizes a computer aid program, developed by Machine Design Laboratory of National Central University, to estimate manufacturing cost of parametric gear reducer’s parts. This program is written in VB language and associates databases established by EXCEL through API. Machines, cutters, and cost parameters are defined by users in the interface and then get the manufacturing cost instantly. Finally, this program could help us analyze cost-wasted factors for reducing cost.
  There are two cases illustrated in this study to get influence parameters of manufacturing cost. The main purpose of the first case is to compare manufacturing cost of two gear reducers and discuss the variation of cost structure. The two gear reducers with the same size but different gear ratios are discussed. In the second case, we discuss the production cost growth laws of the series gear reducer’s parts manufactured by lathe, cylindrical grinder, and gear hobbing machine. The analysis result of the two cases can offer some suggestions to the designers for the further design improvement in the future.
關鍵字(中) ★ 作業基礎成本制
★ 電腦輔助設計
★ 製造成本
★ 加工成本
★ 機械產品
關鍵字(英) ★ computer aided design
★ ABC
★ Activity Based Costing
★ Mechanical product
★ Production cost
★ Manufacturing cost
論文目次 摘要............................................................................................................................... I
誌謝.............................................................................................................................III
目錄............................................................................................................................ IV
圖目錄....................................................................................................................... VII
表目錄........................................................................................................................ XI
第1 章 緒論.................................................................................................................1
1.1 研究背景..................................................................................................1
1.2 文獻回顧..................................................................................................2
1.3 研究目的..................................................................................................3
第2 章 研究方法.........................................................................................................7
2.1 作業基礎成本制的定義與架構..............................................................7
2.2 加工時間計算........................................................................................10
2.2.1 車床.............................................................................................12
2.2.2 外圓磨床.....................................................................................16
2.2.3 銑床.............................................................................................18
2.2.4 鑽床.............................................................................................21
2.2.5 滾齒機.........................................................................................24
2.2.6 刀具成本.....................................................................................27
2.2.7 機台折舊.....................................................................................28
2.3 電腦輔助設計........................................................................................28
2.3.1 Visual Basic 6.0 ............................................................................29
2.3.2 應用程式介面.............................................................................30
2.3.3 物件導向程式設計.....................................................................30
第3 章 成本架構與資料庫.......................................................................................32
3.1 齒輪減速機成本架構............................................................................32
3.2 加工成本架構........................................................................................33
3.2.1 軸.................................................................................................33
3.2.2 大齒輪.........................................................................................34
3.2.3 市售品.........................................................................................35
3.3 資料庫....................................................................................................36
第4 章 計算程式開發架構.......................................................................................42
4.1 物件建立................................................................................................42
4.2 程式架構與介面....................................................................................43
4.2.1 軟體架構與流程.........................................................................43
4.2.2 屬性頁.........................................................................................45
4.2.3 機台設定頁.................................................................................46
4.3 程式計算模組流程................................................................................47
第5 章 案例探討.......................................................................................................53
5.1 案例Ⅰ....................................................................................................53
5.2 案例Ⅱ....................................................................................................58
第6 章 結論與展望...................................................................................................63
6.1 結論........................................................................................................63
6.2 未來展望................................................................................................64
參考文獻.....................................................................................................................65
附錄A 名詞解釋......................................................................................................67
附錄B 參數對照表.................................................................................................72
附錄C 鍵槽規範.....................................................................................................76
參考文獻 1.MC. Kayacan, I.H. Filiz, A.I. Sönmez, A. Baykasoglu and T. Dereli, “Oops-rot an optimised Process planning system for rotational parts”, Computers in Industry, Vol 32, No. 2, 181-195, 1996
2.Fehmi H’mida, Patrick Martin and Francois Vernadat, “Cost estimation in mechanical production: The cost entity approach applied to integrated product engineering”, Int. J. Production Economics, Vol 103, No. 1, 17-35, 2006
3.Chang-Xue (Jack) Feng, Andrew Kusiakt and Chun-Che Huang, “Cost evaluation in design with form features”, Computer-Aided Desfgn, Vol 28, No. 11, 879-885, 1996
4.Yui Wi and Pius J. Egbelu, “A framework for estimating manufacturing cost from geometric design data”, Int. J. Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol 13, No. 1, 50-63, 2000
5.John A. Brierley, Christopher J. Cowton and Colin Drury, “A comparison of product costing practices in discrete-part and assembly manufacturing and continuous production process manufacturing”, Int. J. Production Economics, Vol 100, No. 2, 314-321, 2006
6.M. Özbayrak, M. Akgün and A.K. Türker, “Activity-based cost estimation in a push/pull advanced manufacturing system”, Int. J. Production Economics, Vol 87, No. 1, 49-65, 2004
7.Geoffrey Boothroyd, Peter Dewhurst and Winston Knight, Product design for manufacture and assembly, 2nd Edition. New York, Marcel Dekker, 291-333, 2001 http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ncu/Doc?id=10050812&ppg=304
8.Klaus Ehrlenspiel, Alfons Kiewert and Udo Lindemann, Cost Efficient Design. Berlin, Springer Verlag, 2007
9.Peter B.B. and Turney, “Common cents : The ABC performance breakthrough, how to succeed with activity-based costing”, Hillsboro, Cost Technology, 1991
10.Heinrich Gerling, Rund um die Werkzeugmaschine, 1st Edition. Braunschweig, Georg Westermann Verlag, 1959
11.Heinzler, Kilgus, Paetzold and etc., Tabellenbuch metal, 39th Edition. Haan Gruiten, Verlag Europa-Lehrmittel, 1994
12.張志華,電腦輔助單軸押出機減速機系列產品之開發,國立中央大學碩士論文,2006
13.Charles T. Horngren, Srikant M. Datar and George Foster著,葉金成、顏信輝、羅玟甄譯,成本會計 / 強調管理,台北,東華書局,2003
14.張永爵譯,齒輪的設計和製造,台北,徐氏基金會,1998
指導教授 蔡錫錚(Shyi-Jeng Tsai) 審核日期 2007-7-16
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明