博碩士論文 943203117 詳細資訊




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姓名 錢威廷(Wei-Ting Chien)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 腰椎人工椎間盤之運動軌跡分析
(Analysis of the Motion Locus of Lumbar Artificial Disc)
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摘要(中) 目前治療椎間盤退化性疾病(DDD: Degenerative Disc Disease)之主要治療方式為在受治療之椎間盤處植入椎籠,希望能造成椎骨間的骨融合(Intervertebral Fusion),進而恢復塌陷椎間盤之原有高度,但在臨床上已發現術後常會有脫出(Back-out)及位移(Displacement)等併發症的產生,而且由於接受治療之區域發生椎骨間的融合,造成治療區域之椎間盤活動度(ROM: Range of Motion)喪失,其活動度將由鄰近之椎間盤分擔,因而增加了鄰近椎間盤之運動量,造成這些椎間盤發生加速老化的問題(Junctional Problem),因而發產出活動是人工椎間盤。目前市面上之磨耗型人工椎間盤可分為限制型及非限制型兩種,而各自有其優缺點。
本研究希望設計一種新型磨耗型人工椎間盤,在植入人體後,將可重建塌陷椎間盤的原有高度,同時能提供手術區域之椎間盤自然的運動型式與活動範圍,並能有效限制人工椎間盤活動之範圍,避免於屈曲與伸展及左右側彎時過大的動作所造成之不良影響。
摘要(英) Nowadays, we know the main treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease that implants cage into the cured intervertebral idsc. We also hope that makes Intervertebral Fusion, and then restores the high of dent one, but it is easy to see that will being back-out and displacement or complications after operations.
According to this situation, those cages are merged in the accepted curing region; it also makes lose ROM(Range of Motion), in the area and the movement is not only shared by both side of intervertebral idsc, but also increasing it’s motion. Due to those points, making intervertebral idsc develops some junctional problems speedy. The last development is Artificial Disc. Wearing type of artificial intervertebral disc on the market can divide into two kinds that are constrained and unconstrained, and have its pluses and minuses each.
We hope to design a new style of Artificial Disc through this research that puts it into internal. It also rebuilds the original height of intervertebral disc and provides the range of intervertebral disc’s movement and exercise in nature way. To limit the move range of Artificial Disc effectively and avoid the counterproductive effect of movement in flexing, stretch and turn right or left.
關鍵字(中) ★ 椎間盤退化性疾病
★ 人工椎間盤
★ 椎間盤活動度
★ 椎骨間的骨融合
★ 椎籠
關鍵字(英) ★ Intervertebral Fusion
★ cage
★ Artificial Disc
★ Degenerative Disc Disease
★ Range of Motion
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xiii
一、 緒論 1
1-1 研究的動機與目的 1
1-2 腰椎之解剖生理學 2
1-2-1 腰椎椎體簡介 3
1-2-2 腰椎椎間盤簡介 4
1-2-3 腰椎小面關節簡介 5
1-2-4 腰椎周圍韌帶簡介 6
1-3 腰椎之病理學與處理方式 7
1-4 腰椎人工植入物介紹 9
1-5 文獻回顧 16
1-5-1 腰椎運動範圍之相關文獻 16
1-5-2 腰椎運動瞬間旋轉軸之相關文獻 21
1-5-3 人工椎間盤之相關文獻 24
1-5-4 臨床報告相關文獻 27
二、 材料與方法 29
2-1 腰椎模型與人工椎間盤的電腦輔助設計 29
2-1-1 人體腰椎解剖模型的建立 29
2-1-2 人工椎間盤模型之建立 31
2-2 腰椎運動學的電腦模擬 35
2-2-1 自然椎間盤之動態模擬設定 36
2-2-2 人工椎間盤FreeDisc之動態模擬設定 42
2-2-3人工椎間盤ProDisc之動態模擬設 47
2-2-4 人工椎間盤SB Charitè之動態模擬設定 50
2-3 腰椎之運動軌跡分析參數 56
三、 結果 57
3-1 自然情形動態模擬 57
3-1-1 自然情形屈曲與伸展之動態模擬結果 57
3-1-2 自然情形左右側彎之動態模擬結果 59
3-1-3 自然情形軸向旋轉之動態模擬結果 61
3-2 FreeDisc動態模擬 63
3-2-1 FreeDisc屈曲與伸展之動態模擬結果 63
3-2-2 FreeDisc左右側彎之動態模擬結果 64
3-2-3 FreeDisc軸向旋轉之動態模擬結果 66
3-3 ProDisc動態模擬 67
3-3-1 ProDisc屈曲與伸展之動態模擬結果 67
3-3-2 ProDisc左右側彎之動態模擬結果 69
3-3-3 ProDisc軸向旋轉之動態模擬結果 70
3-4 SB Charitè動態模擬 72
3-4-1 SB Charitè屈曲與伸展之動態模擬結果 72
3-4-2 SB Charitè左右側彎之動態模擬結果 73
3-4-3 SB Charitè軸向旋轉之動態模擬結果 75
四、 討論 77
4-1 屈曲與伸展之動態模擬結果討論 77
4-2 左右側彎之動態模擬結果討論 83
4-3 軸向旋轉之動態模擬結果討論 88
4-4 FreeDisc改良結果討論 90
五、 結論與未來展望 94
5-1 結論 94
5-2 未來展望 94
參考文獻 95
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指導教授 林上智、鄔蜀威
(Shang-Chih Lin、Shu-Wei Wu)
審核日期 2007-7-21
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