博碩士論文 943208002 詳細資訊




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姓名 王培綱(Pei-Kang Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 能源工程研究所
論文名稱 平板震盪型熱管均熱片研究
(Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipe Heat Spreader)
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摘要(中) 本實驗將震盪型熱管原理應用於均熱片,期望克服金屬均熱片的缺陷,並利用對流方式增強均熱性能。本研究共設計了兩種不同尺寸、兩種不同流道迴路以及兩種不同流道寬度的平板震盪型熱管均熱片,並實驗20 %、50 %以及80 %三種不同填充率,希望藉由實驗得知不同設計參數之平板震盪型熱管均熱片性能差異。
固定熱源大小為10 × 10 mm,若均熱片尺寸較大,會因為驅動力無法克服流動阻力,因此無法觀察到震盪現象。在相同加熱量及填充率的條件下,單一迴路流道設計的熱傳性能優於雙向迴路式的設計。將填充率固定為50 %,則發現流道寬度1mm時,加熱量15 W即可發現震盪現象。流道寬度0.5 mm,則於加熱量20 W時才有震盪現象。在改變填充率的實驗中發現,填充率20 %於加熱量15 W時可降低擴散熱阻,但是當加熱量提高,則無此作用。當加熱量超過20 W,填充率為50 %以及80 %時,皆能降低擴散熱阻。
由於流道所產生之流動阻力會影響液體流動性,因此僅產生微幅震盪,對均熱性的提升有限。因此需盡量減少流動阻力,使得震盪幅度增加,才能有效增強均熱性。
摘要(英) This article is trying to develop a new kind heat spreader, which were used the theory of pulsating heat pipes. Channels were manufactured on copper plate, to finish the flat plate pulsating heat pipes. When heat input, fluid makes phase changes, produce the vapor pressure difference between the evaporation area and condensation area, the major heat transfer mechanism in a pulsating heat pipe is the sensible heat of liquid. Channels arrangement designed to two types, which were single loop and double side loop. In order to understand the influence by the wide of channel, there are two kinds of channel size, which wide were 0.5 mm and 1 mm. In this article, also experiment three fill rate, which were 20 %、50 % and 80 %. The heat transfer characteristics of flat plat pulsating heat pipes were investigated experimentally.
The experimental results at the same input heat and same fill rate, the single loop design which heat transfer performance better than the double side loop. When fix the fill rate as 50 %, the minimum heating power is 15 W at 1 mm wide channel, 20 W at 0.5 mm wide channel. In the experiment of different fill rate, when fill rate 20 %, pulsation only occurs at heating power 15 W, as the heating power increase, pulsation stop. Also found that the optimal fill rate is around 50 % and 80 %.
The drag force which caused by the channel walls will decrease the liquidity, also decrease the range of pulsation. In order to decrease the spreading resistance, we should make the design of channel better.
關鍵字(中) ★ 平板
★ 震盪型熱管
★ 均熱片
關鍵字(英) ★ Pulsating Heat Pipe
★ Flat Plate
★ Heat Spreader
論文目次 摘 要.............................................................................................................i
目 錄.............................................................................................................ii
表目錄..........................................................................................................vi
圖目錄.........................................................................................................vii
符 號 說 明................................................................................................xi
第一章、前言...............................................................................................1
1.1 研究動機與背景....................................................................................1
1.2 研究目的................................................................................................1
第二章、文獻回顧.......................................................................................9
2.1 簡介........................................................................................................9
2.2 影響震盪型熱管性能參數..................................................................11
2.2.1 管徑............................................................................................11
2.2.2 填充率........................................................................................12
2.2.3 工作流體....................................................................................13
2.3 平板震盪型熱管..................................................................................15
2.4、總結....................................................................................................15
第三章、實驗方法.....................................................................................25
3.1 平板震盪型熱管均熱片設計..............................................................25
3.1.1 板片尺寸....................................................................................25
3.1.2 流道尺寸....................................................................................26
3.1.3 流道排列方式............................................................................27
3.2 平板震盪型熱管均熱片製作..............................................................28
3.2.1 板片蝕刻....................................................................................29
3.2.2 板片尺寸量測............................................................................29
3.2.3 板片接合....................................................................................30
3.2.4 平板震盪型熱管充填................................................................31
3.3 實驗系統..............................................................................................32
3.3.1 測試段........................................................................................32
3.3.2 風洞測試系統............................................................................32
3.3.3 模擬加壓平台............................................................................33
3.4 實驗步驟..............................................................................................33
3.5 實驗量測儀器與設備..........................................................................34
3.5.1 溫度量測....................................................................................34
3.5.2 差壓測量....................................................................................34
3.5.3 流量測量....................................................................................35
3.5.4 資料擷取系統............................................................................36
3.6 數據換算..............................................................................................37
3.6.1 加熱瓦數....................................................................................37
3.6.2 擴散熱阻換算............................................................................37
第四章、實驗結果與討論.........................................................................53
4.1 熱源與均熱片尺寸比例......................................................................53
4.1.1 伺服器用63.5 × 88.9 mm平板震盪型熱管均熱片.................53
4.1.2 個人電腦用50 × 50 mm平板震盪型熱管均熱片...................54
4.2 不同流道設計之影響..........................................................................54
4.2.1單一迴路流道寬度0.5 mm.......................................................54
4.2.2 雙向迴路流道寬度0.5 mm......................................................55
4.2.3 雙向迴路流道寬度1 mm..........................................................56
4.3 改變填充率..........................................................................................57
4.3.1 低加熱量不同填充率................................................................57
4.3.2 高加熱量不同填充率................................................................58
4.3.3 不同填充率比較........................................................................58
第五章、結論.............................................................................................76
參考文獻.....................................................................................................77
附 錄...........................................................................................................79
參考文獻 Akachi, H., 1990, “Structure of A Heat Pipe,” U.S. patent 4,921,041.
Akachi, H., Polasek, F., and Stulc, P., 1996, “Pulsating Heat Pipes,” Proceedings of the 5th International Heat Pipe Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, pp.208-217.
Akachi, H., and Polasek, F., 1997, ”Thermal control of IGBT modules in traction drives by pulsating heat pipes,” 10th International Heat Pipe Conference, E-1.
Charoensawan, P., Khandekar, S., Groll, M., and Terdtoon, P., 2003, “Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes Part A: Parametric experimental Ivestigations,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 23, pp.2009-2020.
Gi, K., Maezawa, S., Kojima, Y., and Yamazaki. N., 1999, “CPU Cooling of Notebook PC by Oscillating Heat Pipe,” 11th International Heat Pipe Conference, Japan, Vol. 2, pp.166-169.
Groll, M., and Khandekar, S., 2002, “Pulsating Heat Pipes: A Challenge and Still Unsolved Problem in Heat Pipe Science,” The Third International Conference on Transport Phenomena in Multiphase System, pp.35-43.
Groll, M., and Khandekar, S., 2003, “Pulsating Heat Pipes: Progress and Prospects,” Proceedings of Internationa Conference on Energy and the Environment, Shanghai, China.
Holman, J. P., 2001, Experimental Methods for Engineers, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Khandekar, S., Dollinger, N., and Groll, M., 2002, “Understanding Operational Regims of Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipes: An Experimental Study,” Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 23, pp.707-719.
Lee, W. H., Jung, H. S., Kim, J. H., and Kim, J. S., 1999, “Flow Visualization of Oscillating Capillary Tube Heat Pipe,” 11th International Heat Pipe Conference, Japan, Vol. 2, pp.131-136.
Zhang, X. M., Xu, J. L., and Zhou, Z. Q., 2004, “Experimental Study of A Pulsating Heat Pipe Using FC-72, Ethanol, and Water as Working Fluids,” Experimental Heat Transfer, Vol. 17, pp.47-67.
http://www.supermicro.com
http://www.malico.com.tw
http://www.scythe-usa.com
http://www.tsheatronics.co.jp
http://www.frostytech.com
賴耿陽,2000,金屬腐蝕加工技術,復漢出版社有限公司,台南。
葉竣達,2006,震盪式熱管簡介,中央大學熱交換器實驗室內部報告。
指導教授 楊建裕(Chien-Yuh Yang) 審核日期 2007-7-27
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