博碩士論文 943302019 詳細資訊


姓名 郭盈志(Ying-Chih Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 民間參與公有停車場建設參與方式及財務可行性分析之研究
(The study of financial feasibility analysis and financial evaluation model of civilian participation in public parking construction)
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摘要(中) 在政府與民間攜手參與公共建設之風潮中,政府為改善都市停車供需失衡之問題,乃積極推動民間參與路外公共停車場之興建。此項推動作業需有嚴謹客觀之可行性評估及先期作業規劃,然檢視國內推動民間參與投資停車場之經驗,除在推動作業出現了部分缺失外,未客觀審慎進行財務效益之可行性分析作業,致財務效益的可行性成為民間投資者最大之疑慮,也使得國內成功推動民間投資興建停車場(BOT)之案例甚少。而停車場若未經營附屬事業,單以停車本業收入,是否有足夠之自償性及合於投資經營之相關財務效益;及促參法主要之六種民間參與方式,是否皆適合停車場建設。
有鑑於財務計畫對於民間投資及政府機關審查相當重要,本研究參照工程會之民間參與公共建設財務評估模式成果報告,依照停車場之特性及蒐集相關案例,建立財務可行性分析模式;另本研究為具體瞭解現行停車場採BOT方式之財務效益,以實際營運之停車場為案例,試算其由民間興建、營運之財務可行性;分析結果顯示,在現行停車費率下,採BOT方式推動路外公共停車場並不具財務之可行性;為瞭解何種方式較適合民間參與,除蒐集現有依促參法之停車場已簽約之案例,及分析促參法各種方式之適用性,並將目前適用之ROT及OT案,以實際營運之停車場為案例,試算其財務可行性,分析結果顯示,其財務效益於政府、民間機構皆可達到預期。
經本研究財務驗證及分析相關文獻得知,以BOT方式之促參案,若僅計停車本業收入,由案例之財務試算可知,在現行停車費率結構及停車率無法有效保障之情形下,此方式不具自償性;另無償BTO及有償BTO方式,因民間投資人無法以設定地上權方式取得融資,需籌措之資金較高,且投資風險性亦較大,可能影響投資意願;BOO方式則係由民間機構投資興建,並擁有所有權,在各停車場用地多屬公有公共設施用地,故較不適合應用此方式。政府可能需務實地研析,興建路外公共停車場採OT或ROT方式,此等方式雖無法紓解興建之財源,惟於營運期間之效率將有助益,且較能有效吸引民間業者參與。
摘要(英) The trend of public development together by the government and private enterprises, to improve the disproportion problem between supply and demand of parking places in urban areas. The government actively sets the building of off-road public parking lots by the non-governmental circles into motion.
The conscientious and objective evaluation of feasibility and the programming of anticipated operation are both critical for this promotion. However, after examining the internal experiences of promoting civilian firms to anticipate the investment in parking lots, besides several deficiencies found in the operation, the lack of objective and cautious feasibility analysis of financial benefits has led it to become the main doubt for the private investors, and also resulted in the relatively few cases of BOT successfully promoted by our government. Without the accessory business, can a parking space be self-sufficient enough and do financial benefits corresponds to the investment and operation with the income alone? Do the six main civilian participation modes of Law for Promotion of Private Participation all fit the construction of parking lots?
In view of the importance of financial projects both to the private investment and government examination, this study refereed to the result report of financial evaluation model of civilian participation in public construction issued by the Construction Council , and set an analysis model of financial feasibility according to the characteristics of parking places and the related cases collected. To concretely realize the financial benefit gained by the parking lots adopting BOT mode recently, this research thus took a parking space operating in reality as an example and
calculates experimentally the financial feasibility both by civilian sectors and the government.
The result of analysis showed that with the current parking rates, promoting the off-road public parking lots in BOT mode doesn’t bring the balance of receipts and payments. To figure out which model best suits the participation of private enterprises, this study collected cases of parking spaces of which contracts were signed according to Law for Promotion of Private Participation, and analyzed the suitability of each pattern in that Law. Besides, this study took another two parking spaces running in operation with the mode of ROT and OT as examples and computed their financial feasibility. The result indicated that the financial benefit of the government and civilian institutes both reached the predictions.
Both the financial verification of this study and the analysis of relevant documents indicate that without effective protection for both present framework parking fee and parking utility rate, the BOT cases examined by the case studies can’t achieve self-sufficiency with only the income from running parking lots themselves. In addition, the gratuitous and non-gratuitous modes of BOT require a larger fund and face a higher risk of investment because the private investors can’t obtain the capital financing by declaring the superficies of public land, which may influence their will to invest. The BOT mode is carried out and constructed by the civilian firms possessing the ownership, thus it is comparatively unsuitable for most of the parking lots belonging to public domain for communal facilities. The government may have to pragmatically assess to build off-road public parking lots in OT or ROT mode. Although these ways may not ease the pressure from the budget needed for construction, they will contribute to the efficiency during operation period, and attract the participation of civilian investors more efficaciously as well.
關鍵字(中) ★ 路外公共停車場
★ 促參法
★ 財務可行性分析
★ OT
★ ROT
★ BOT
關鍵字(英) ★ Promotion of Private Pa
★ off-road public parking
論文目次 目錄............................................................... I
圖目錄........................................................... III
表目錄............................................................ IV
第一章緒論........................................................ 1
1.1 研究動機.......................................................1
1.2 研究目的.......................................................2
1.3 研究範圍與限制.................................................2
1.3.1 研究範圍...................................................2
1.3.2 研究限制...................................................3
1.4 研究流程與架構.................................................3
第二章文獻回顧.................................................... 5
2.1 停車狀況及路外停車場探討.......................................5
2.1.1 停車狀況...................................................5
2.1.2 停車場之分類及供給形式.....................................6
2.1.3 路外停車場之定義...........................................7
2.1.4 路外停車場土地使用與經營型態..............................10
2.2 民間參與公有停車場建設之相關文獻..............................11
2.2.1 國內獎勵民間興建停車場之相關計畫回顧......................11
2.2.2 法源依據及相關法令探討....................................14
2.2.3 促參發展歷程及獎勵民間投資停車場之課題....................19
2.2.4 民間參與公有停車場建設之方式..............................22
2.3 財務規劃分析相關方法..........................................28
第三章停車場BOT 建立財務可行性分析............................... 39
3.1 基本財務參數及成本收支分析....................................41
3.1.1 基本假設與參數說明........................................41
3.2 財務分析決策指標..............................................50
3.2.1 淨現值(Net Present Value, NPV) ..........................50
3.2.2 內部報酬率( Internal Rate of Return, IRR ) ...............51
3.2.3 折現後回收年限(Discounted Payback, DPB) .................52
3.2.4 自償率(Self-Liquidating Ratio, SLR) .....................53
3.2.5 財務評估指標..............................................54
3.3 敏感度分析....................................................57
第四章停車場個案財務分析及參與建設方式可行性探討................. 60
4.1 BOT 個案財務分析..............................................60
4.1.1 BOT 個案簡介..............................................60
4.1.2 基本假設與參數設定........................................61
4.1.3 收入與成本項之估算........................................62
4.1.4 財務評估結果及評估指標....................................63
4.1.5 模擬其他方案財務可行性....................................69
4.2 ROT 個案財務分析..............................................75
4.2.1 ROT 個案簡介..............................................75
4.2.2 基本假設與參數設定........................................75
4.2.3 收入與成本項之估算........................................76
4.2.4 財務評估結果及指標分析....................................78
4.3 OT 個案財務分析...............................................84
4.3.1 OT 個案簡介...............................................84
4.3.2 基本假設與參數設定........................................84
4.3.3 收入與成本項之估算........................................85
4.3.4 財務評估結果及指標分析....................................86
4.4 參與方式財務評估結果探討......................................90
第五章結論與建議................................................. 91
5.1 結論..........................................................91
5.2 建議..........................................................92
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指導教授 林志棟(Jyh-Dong Lin) 審核日期 2010-8-30
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