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姓名 張雅茹(Ya-ju Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 兩岸三地員工工作壓力來源對工作績效之影響:以因應策略為調節變項
(Sources of work stress and performance in Greater China: The moderating effects of coping strategies)
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摘要(中) 近年來產業環境的急遽變動及組織推動變革之盛行,其所帶來無形的工作壓力以及造成工作績效危害之隱憂,已成為企業界所關心之議題。有鑑於此,本研究主要是針對兩岸三地(香港、台灣及大陸)的員工為研究對象,共施測了380位受訪者,並討論在不同地區下,工作壓力來源對工作績效所造成之影響。同時聚焦於工作壓力歷程中因應策略的使用,並討論其對工作壓力來源及工作績效間的調節作用。
研究結果顯示,工作壓力過程的主要效果在兩岸三地均得到初步的證實,但在影響程度的強弱上則有地區性的差異:工作壓力來源確實對工作績效產生負面的影響,且對香港樣本而言尤其顯著;在因應策略方面,除「消極順應」之因應策略外,因應方式使用頻率愈多,工作績效愈高的假設亦被證實,且此關係在台灣樣本中最為明顯,香港樣本則以「消極順應」與「工作績效」間之負相關最為顯著。
最後,在因應策略之調節效果中發現,台灣樣本使用「再評估」的因應策略惡化了「工作不確定性」與「同儕關係」的負向關係。雖然此調節效果在未來的研究中仍需進一步的去複製與驗證,但其結果已點出了在華人集體主義的社會裡,各種因應策略在工作壓力過程中確實扮演著重要的角色。
摘要(英) The aim of the research was to explore relations between various sources of work stress and work performance, in the cultural context of Chinese societies in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the Mainland. Specifically, we also explored the possible effects of using various types of coping strategies in buffering the noxious impact of work stress. Using structured questionnaires, a total sample of 380 full-time employees in the three regions were surveyed.
Analyses revealed that for Chinese employees in all three regions, the main nexus of work stress – work performance was established uniformly: various sources of work stress were all related to depressed work performance. The main effect of coping efforts on work performance was also found for all three samples: the more exertion of coping efforts was generally related to enhanced work performance, with the only exception of using “passive adaptive behaviors” as a coping strategy. However, some regional differences were noted. The damaging effect of work stress on performance was most pronounced for employees in Hong Kong. The beneficial effect of coping was most pronounced for employees in Taiwan, whereas the damaging effect of using “passive adaptive behaviors” as a coping strategy was most pronounced for employees in Hong Kong.
More importantly, we found that using “reappraisal” as a coping strategy actually exacerbated the noxious effect of “job insecurity” as a work stress on performance as indicated by “peer relation” for employees in Taiwan. Although this moderating effect needs further replication in future studies, it serves to underline the specificity issue of the role of various coping strategies in the work stress process for Chinese employees working in the collectivistic culture.
關鍵字(中) ★ 工作績效
★ 工作壓力
★ 華人文化
★ 因應策略
關鍵字(英) ★ coping efforts
★ work stress
★ Chinese culture
★ work performance
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 壓力與工作壓力 3
壹、 壓力的定義 3
貳、 工作壓力的定義 4
参、 工作壓力來源的分類 5
肆、 工作壓力的歷程 8
伍、 人口學變項與工作壓力歷程之相關研究 10
陸、 工作壓力的後果 11
第二節 壓力因應之相關理論與研究 12
壹、 因應的定義及理論取向 12
貳、 因應策略的分類 13
參、 選擇因應策略之個別差異研究 18
肆、 因應的效果 19
伍、 壓力因應在工作壓力歷程中的調節作用 20
第三節 工作績效相關理論 21
壹、 工作績效的定義 21
貳、 工作績效的衡量 22
參、 壓力與工作績效之關係 23
肆、 工作壓力源與工作績效之關係 23
第三章 研究方法 25
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 25
壹、 研究架構 25
貳、 研究假設 26
第二節 研究方法 27
壹、 研究對象 27
貳、 研究工具 27
第四章 研究結果 31
第一節 樣本描述 31
第二節 量表之信度分析 32
第三節 主要研究變項描述性統計分析 32
第四節 主要研究變項之相關分析 38
壹、 人口學變項與主要研究變項之相關 38
貳、 主要變項之間與之相關 39
參、 主要研究假設變項間之相關 40
第五節 階層式迴歸分析 51
壹、 預測工作壓力來源 51
貳、 預測因應策略 55
參、 預測工作績效 56
第六節 調節作用分析 61
第五章 討論 64
第一節 以工作壓力預測工作績效 64
第二節 以因應策略預測工作績效 66
第三節 因應策略的調節作用 67
第四節 研究限制與未來研究建議 69
第五節 管理意涵 70
壹、 對工作壓力源的了解與預防 70
貳、 因應策略的掌握與運用 73
參考書目 75
附錄一 86
附錄二 87
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指導教授 陸洛(Luo Lu) 審核日期 2007-7-13
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