博碩士論文 944401012 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:13 、訪客IP:3.235.236.13
姓名 蔡智勇(Chih-Yung Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系
論文名稱 居民對觀光賭場發展態度與意願之研究
(A study on resident attitude and intention toward the development of casinos)
相關論文
★ 品牌管理與評價流程之研究★ 企業運籌與自由貿易港區的應用:以遠翔FTZ航空貨運園區為例
★ 以技術與市場需求來探討奈米碳管場發射顯示器發展之研究★ 台灣IPv6推廣應用策略規劃 —以SIP3分析
★ 台灣IPv6技術推廣應用--以技術地圖分析★ SWOT量化分析策略規劃之研究
★ 以組織文化輪廓與連結分析方法推導台灣IPv6產業願景之研究★ 策略智慧規劃程序平台系統操作性邏輯之研究
★ 組織的數位學習模式與策略之探討★ 影響消費者新產品採用因素之探討
★ 第三代行動通訊數據服務品質之探討★ 以分析層級程序法探討台灣生質酒精發展之關鍵因素
★ 投資型保險關鍵產品因素分析★ 以連結分析規劃法推導數位家庭產業發展之研究
★ 我國數位內容產業智慧財產之管理與保護:以P2P傳輸架構與著作權侵害為論述核心★ 商業模式探討-以網路服飾業者為例
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 以往國內對於開放離島觀光賭場向來爭議不斷,贊成者常以美國拉斯維加斯賭場為例,認為拉斯維加斯乃美國偏遠的內華達州荒漠不毛之地,但卻能藉由觀光賭場的開放,產生吸金的效應達到繁榮地方經濟的目的。而台灣一直想開放觀光賭場,尤為澎湖離島地區,進而擺脫離島地區窮鄉僻壤的困境與命運。
本研究從當地居民的角度檢視觀光賭場衝擊認知為何?其次以社會交換理論探討觀光賭場衝擊認知與居民發展態度之相關性。再以地方依附理論探討居民地方依附感與發展觀光賭場之相關性。最後分析發展態度會與未來的發展意願之相關性。
本研究結果發現觀光賭場衝擊與居民態度是有相關,進一步分析則以正面經濟衝擊、正面環境衝擊影響居民支持觀光賭場設置,負面的社會文化衝擊也不會使得居民反對觀光賭場設置。其次,地方依附對觀光賭場發展態度是有顯著相關,進一步分析地方認同對於觀光賭場設置持反對立場,地方依賴呈現支持不反對的立場。最後,觀光賭場發展的支持態度會影響未來發展觀光賭場的意願。
根據研究結果建議決策者在設置觀光賭場之前,除了對居民說明觀光賭場的正面衝擊外,也必須告訴居民觀光賭場所伴隨的負面衝擊,並且針對這些負面衝擊提出相關的配套解決方法,使得居民認同觀光賭場設置是可以增加地方的價值特色,為此居民才會支持觀光賭場的發展。
摘要(英) The topic of opening offshore tourist casinos has been controversial throughout Taiwan. Supporters usually use Las Vegas in the U.S. as an example, demonstrating that Las Vegas, by opening tourist casinos, has brought prosperity and money to a deserted location like Nevada. Taiwan has wanted to open tourist casinos for some time, especially in the Penghu offshore island area, to rid themselves of the low level of prosperity typical of offshore islands.
. This study examines the cognitive impact of tourist casinos from the perspective of local residents. It also discusses the correlation between the cognitive impact of tourism and the residents’ attitudes towards development based on the social exchange theory. Next, place attachment (PA) is used to examine the correlation between residents’ sense of place attachment and the development of tourist casinos; finally, this study analyzes the correlation between development attitudes and intentions for future development.
The impact of tourist casinos shows a correlation with residents’ attitudes; further analysis revealed that positive economic and environmental impacts lead residents to support the establishment of tourist casinos, otherwise the negative social culter impacts can’t lead resident to against establishment of toursir casinos. Secondly, PA significantly correlates with attitudes toward the development of tourist casinos. Further analysis revealed that place identity is associated with opposed to the establishment of tourist casinos and place dependence with supported to the establishment of tourist casinos. Moreover, support attitudes toward the development of tourist casinos have an impact on willingness for future development of tourist casinos.
Based on these results, this study suggests that decision-makers should explain both the positive and negative impacts associated with tourist casinos to local residents prior to establishing tourist casinos. Decision-makers should also propose methods of resolving negative impacts, helping residents to understand that tourist casinos can increase local value attributes. This would result in residents becoming more supportive of the development of tourist casinos.
關鍵字(中) ★ 觀光賭場
★ 觀光衝擊
★ 地方依附
★ 地方認同
★ 地方依賴
關鍵字(英) ★ casino
★ tourism impact
★ place attachment
★ place identity
★ place dependence
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝辭 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究目的 4
1-4 研究流程 4
二、文獻回顧 6
2-1 觀光賭場 6
2-2 社會交換理論 21
2-3 地方依附理論 25
2-4 觀光賭場衝擊認知 28
三、模式建立與假說推導 31
3-1 觀光衝擊認知與發展態度 31
3-2 地方依附與發展態度 35
3-3 發展態度與意願 37
四、研究方法 39
4-1 研究架構 39
4-2問卷設計 40
4-3 資料蒐集 42
4-4 信效度 43
4-5資料分析方法與工具 43
五、資料分析 44
5-1 基本資料 44
5-2測量模型之信度與效度檢定 45
5-3個人變項差異分析 51
5-3研究模型檢定 60
5-4 路徑分析 64
六、結論與建議 66
6-1 研究結論 66
6-2實務意涵 68
6-3後續研究 69
參考文獻 70
附錄一:問卷 81
參考文獻 尤慈慧(2006)。居民對觀光發展衝擊之認知態度-以旗津地區為例。國立高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所未出版碩士論文,高雄市。
王明元、林倩綺與許浴蒼(2008)。鹿港地區居民對城市觀光衝擊認知與態度之研究。管理實務與理論研究,2(4),228-247。
交通部觀光局(1994)。賭博性娛樂事業的發展趨勢及階段性策略之研究。靜宜大學觀光事業學系未出版碩士論文,台中縣。
交通部觀光局(1996)。臺灣地區設置觀光賭場之研究。中國文化大學觀光事業研究所未出版碩士論文,台北市。
朱鎮明(2000)。博奕事業管制制度初探。立法院公報,29(12)。
何敏華(2005)。澎湖縣爭取設置觀光特區附設博奕業之公共事務整合架構分析與管理策略。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所未出版碩士論文,高雄市。
吳宗瓊(2003)。部落觀光衝擊認知的探討-居民參與以及觀光展階段影響之論述。中國地理學會會刊,31,13-30。
呂怡儒(2000)。台北近郊森林地方感之研究。國立台灣大學森林學研究所未出版碩士論文,台北市。
宋秉明(1983)。遊樂容納量理論的研究。國立台灣大學森林學研究所碩士論文,台北市。
宋秉明(2001)。永續/生態觀光的規劃模式─以賞鯨活動為例。第一屆觀光休閒暨餐旅產業永續經營研討會論文集,國立高雄餐旅學院。
李九全、王立(2008)。基於地方依附感原理的景區旅遊競爭力探析。人文地理,23(4),79-83。
李永展(1995)。環境態度與環保行為─理論與實証。台北:胡氏圖書出版社。
林哲瑋(2007)。以政策網絡理論分析「澎湖設置觀光賭場」之政策過程。國立東華大學公共行政研究所未出版碩士論文,花蓮縣。。
施植明譯(1997)。Christian Norberg-Schulz著。場所精神-邁向建築現象學。台北:田園城市文化出版。
孫丕琳(譯)(1994)。Ann L. Weber 著。心理學導論。臺北市:桂冠圖書股份有限公司。
高銘鴻(2006)。評估澎湖觀光賭場對當地經濟的衝擊-投入產出分析法之應用。輔仁大學經濟研究所碩士論文,台北縣。
張忠義(2005)。澎湖觀光賭場發展課題之探討。立德管理學院休閒管理研究所未出版碩士論文,台南市。
張於節(2002)。賭場模式發展觀光之影響研究-以綠島地區為例。國立東華大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文,花蓮縣。
張淑青(2005)。觀光衝擊對觀光發展支持度影響之研究。第二屆服務業管理與創新學術研討會論文集(1658-1678頁),澎湖縣:澎湖科技大學。
張莉汶(2008)。社區居民對社區觀光發展態度之研究-以馬太鞍溼地為例。靜宜大學觀光事業學系研究所未出版碩士論文,臺中縣。
張華葆(1992)。社會心理學理論。台北:三民書局。
莊瑞文(2007)。農民對發展休閒農業的態度與轉型意圖之關係研究 - 以台中縣梧棲鎮為例。靜宜大學管理未出版碩士在職專班論文,台中縣。
許文聖(1995年4月24日)。談澎湖設置娛樂賭場與觀光發展的關係。建國日報,第3版。
郭建池(1999)。阿里山原住民對其觀光發展衝擊認知與態度之研究。中國文化大學觀光事業研究所未出版碩士論文,台北市。
陳立楨、簡益章(1988)。減少遊樂活動對自然環境衝擊之對策。台灣林業14(8),29-38。
陳佩君(2006)。居民對觀光發展態度之研究-以台南市為例。南華大學旅遊事業管理學研究所未出版碩士論文。
陳明川(2003)。社區居民對生態旅遊衝擊認知與發展態度之研究-以嘉義縣山美村為例。國立中興大學園藝學系未出版碩士論文,台中市。
陳思倫、高麗真(1994)。恆春鎮居民對觀光開發的社會經濟影響之認知。世界新聞傳播學院學報,4,353-376。
陳思倫、郭柏村(1995)。觀音山風景區居民對觀光開發影響認知之研究。觀光研究學報,1(2),8-58。
黃世明、王聖文、劉旻靈(2006)。以永續觀點探討台南七股居民對溼地發展態度之分析。建築與規劃學報,7(2),113-134。
黃俊仁(2007)。觀光賭場開放對商圈經濟衝擊之研究─以澎湖馬公商圈為例。世新大學觀光學研究所未出版碩士論文,台北市。
黃桂珠(2003)。居民對環境衝擊認知與發展生態旅遊態度之研究-以玉山國家公園梅山地區為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系未出版碩士論文。
黃國超(2003)。原住民觀光與社區自主權-泰雅族鎮西堡部落發展生態旅遊之研究。人籟論辨月刊。取自:http://www.riccibase.com/docfile/eth-tw32.htm。
黃啟明(2002)。國民中學高關懷學生參與休閒活動行為意圖及其影響因素之研究-計劃行為理論運用與驗證。國立體育學院體育研究所未出版碩士論文,桃園。
楊榮生與林淑敏(2009)。台博奕條款強渡反對聲浪高漲。大紀元。取自:http://news.epochtimes.com.tw/9/1/13/103195.htm(2009.8.10)
葉智魁(2003)。澎湖需要觀光客,不是賭客。國立東華大學運動休閒學系未出版碩士論文。
劉紋瑜和李寧遠(2008)。高雄縣美濃鎮地方文化之發展與其地方認同。2008第五屆台灣地方鄉鎮觀光產業發展與前瞻學術研討會,238-253。
劉儒淵(1990)。遊憩資源衝擊之監測與控制。台大實驗林研究報告,4(2),161-172。
歐聖榮、陳明川(2003)。社區居民對生態旅遊衝擊認知與發展態度之研究-以嘉義縣山美村為例。第五屆休閒、遊憩、觀光學術研討會論文集—生態旅遊篇。中華民國戶外遊憩學會發行,104~117頁。
歐聖榮、顏宏旭(1994)。金門地區觀光發展衝擊認知之研究。戶外遊憩研究,7(4),61-89。
澎湖縣白沙鄉各里人口數、戶數統計,2009,澎湖縣白沙鄉戶政事務所http://www.phhg.gov.tw/baisha/count_all.asp?yearly=98&monthly=4. (2010.1.11)
澎湖縣政府(2005a)。澎湖縣政府辦理澎湖縣爭取設置觀光特區附設博弈娛樂業推動工作委外服務案。中華民國永續發展學會。
澎湖縣政府(2005b)。澎湖建構長期照顧制度再獲肯定。澎湖縣政府縣府新聞。http://96.penghu.gov.tw/news/news_item.asp?months=10&years=2005&PageNo=2&CnNo=1862 ,(2009.4.10)。
澎湖縣政府(2009)。澎湖國際觀光度假區發展計畫地方宣導說明會手冊。澎湖縣政府。
澎湖縣湖西鄉各里人口數、戶數統計(2009)。澎湖縣湖西鄉戶政事務所http://www.phhg.gov.tw/huhsi/count_all.asp?yearly=98&monthly=4.,(2010.1.11)。
謝志明(2002)。澎湖地區設置觀光賭場之政策分析。國立臺灣大學政治學研究所公共行政組未出版碩士論文。
顏宏旭(1995)。金門地區觀光發展衝擊認知研究。國立東華大學園藝研究所未出版碩士論文。
顏隆(2009)。6成澎湖民眾支持博奕。中華日報澎湖報導。取自http://www.cdnnews.com.tw/20090502/news/dfzh/890000002009050119212108.htm(2010/1/6)。
羅紹麟(1984)。遊樂衝擊與森林遊樂管理。台灣林業,10(5),1-3。
Allen, L. R., Long, P. T., Perdue, R. R., & Kieselbach, S. (1988). The impact of tourism development on residents’ perceptions of community life. Journal of Travel Research,17(1), 16-21.
Altman I., & Low, S. M. (1992). Place attachment, human behavior, and environment, 12. New York :plenum Press.
Andereck, K.L., & Vogt, C.A. (2000). The relationship between residents’ Attitudes toward tourism and tourism development options. Journal of Travel Research, .39(1), 27-36.
Ap, J. (1992). Residents’perceptions on tourism impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4), 665–690.
Ap, J., & Crompton, L. (1998). Developing and testing a tourism impact scale. Journal of Travel Reseach 37(2), 120-130
Asher, H.B. (1983). Causal Modeling. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publication.
Back K.-J., & Lee C.-K. (2005). Residents' perceptions of casino development in Korea: The Kangwon Land casino case. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal, 9(2): 45-53。
Belisle, F. J., & Hoy, D. R. (1980). The perceptive impact of tourism by residents—A case study in Santa Marta, Colombia. Annals of Tourism Research, 7(1), 83-101.
Blau, P. M. (1964). Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Bollen, K. A., & Stine, R. (1992). BootSrtapping goodness of fit measures in structural equation models. Sociological Methods and Research, 21(2), 205-229.
Bricker, K. S., & Kerstetter, D. L. (2000). Level of specialization and place attachment: An exploratory study of whitewater recreationists. Leisure Sciences, 22(4), 233-257.
Bricker, K.S. (1998). Place and preference: A study of whitewater recreationists on the South Fork of the American River. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. 342.
Brougham, J.E., & Butler, R.W. (1981). A segmentation analysis of resident attitudes to the social impact of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 8(4), 569-586.
Brown, G., & Raymond, C. (2007). The relationship between place attachment and landscape values: Toward mapping place attachment. Applied Geography, 27(2), 89-111.
Bulter, R. W. (1990). Alternative tourism: Pious hope or Trojan horse? Journal of Travel Research, 28(3), 40-45.
Butler, R. W. (1980). The concept of a tourist area cycle of evolution:implications for management of resources. Canadian Geographer , 24(1), 5-12.
Caneday, L., & Zeiger, J. (1991). The social, economic, and environmental costs of tourism to a gambling community as perceived by its residents. Journal of Travel Research, 30(2), 45–48.
Carmichael, B. A., Jr. Peppard, D. D., & Boudreau, F. A. (1996). Megaresort on my doorstep: local resident attitudes toward Foxwoods casino and casino gambling on nearby Indian reservation land. Journal of Travel Research, 34(3), 9–16.
Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach for structural equation modeling. in modern methods for business research, G. A. Marcoulides (ed.), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 1998, pp. 295-336.
Davis, D., Allen, J., & Cosenza, R. (1988). Segmenting local residents by their attitudes, interest, and opinions toward tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 27(2) , 2-8.
Eadington, W. R. (1986). Impact of casino gambling on the community: comment on Pizam and Pokela. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(1), 279–285.
Emerson, R. M.(1962). Power-dependence relations. American Sociological Review, 27(1), 31-41.
Emerson, R. M.(1972a). Exchange theory, Part I: A psychological basis for social exchange. In J. Berger, M. Zelditch Jr., and B. Anderson, Sociological Theories in Progress 2, 38-57. Boston, MA:Houghton-Mifflin.
Emerson, R. M.(1972b). Exchange theory, Part II: exchange relations and networks. In J. Berger, M. Zelditch Jr., and B. Anderson, Sociological Theories in Progress. 2, 58-87. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.
Emerson, R. M.(1981). Social Exchange Theory. In M. Rosenberg and R. H. Turner. Social Psychology: Sociological Perspectives, 30-65. New York:Basic Books.
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research reading. Mass: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Fornell, C., & Larker, D.F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research , 18(1), 39-50.
Giuliani, M.V., & Feldman, R. (1993). Place attachment in a developmental and cultural context. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 13(3), 267–274.
Gu. H., & Ryan, C. (2008). Place attachment, identity and community impacts of tourism:the case of Beijing hutong. Tourism Management, 28(4), 637-647.
Guagnano, G. A., Stern, P., & Dietz, T. (1995). Influences on attitude–behaviour relationships: A Natural Experiment with Kerbside Recycling. Environment and Behavior , 27 (5), 699–718.
Gursoy, D., & Rutherford, D.G. (2004). Host attitudes toward tourism-An improved structural model. Annals Of Tourism Research, 31(3), 495-516.
Harrill, R., & Potts, T. D. (2003). Tourism Planning in Historic Districts: Attitudes toward Tourism De-velopment in Charleston. Journal of the American Planning Association, 69(3), 233-244.
Hay, R. (1998). Sense of place in a developmental context. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18(1), 5–29.
Homans, G. C. (1958). Social behaviour as exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 63(6), 597-606.
Jayasankaren, S. (1996). Winning streek. Far Eastern Economics Review。
Jurowski, C., Uysal, M., & Williams, D. (1997). A Theoretical analysis of Host Community Resident Reactions to Tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 36 (2),3-11.
Kaltenborn, B. P. (1997). Leisure involvement revisited: conceptual conundrums and measurement advance. Journal of Leisure research, 29(3), 245-278.
Kang, Y.-S., Long, P. T., & Perdue, R. R.(1996). Resident Attitudes toward Legal Gambling. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(1), 71-85.
Kearney, M. S. (2005). The Economic Winners and Losers of Legalized Gambling. National Tax Journal, 58(2), 281-302.
King, B., Pizam, A., & Milman, A. (1993). Social Impacts of Tourism: Host Perception. Annals of Tourism Research, 20(4), 650-665.
Ko, D. W., & Stewart, W. P. (2002). A structural equation model of residents’ attitudes for tourism development. Tourism Management, 23(5), 521-530.
Korpela, K. M. (1989). Place-identity as a product of environmental self-regulation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 9(3), 241-256.
Kotler, P. (1973). The major tasks of marketing management. Journal of Marketing, 37, 42-49.
Kyle, G. T., Absher, J. D., & Graefe, A. (2003a). The moderating role of attachment on the relationship between attitudes toward fees and spending preferences. Leisure Sciencs, 25(1), 33-50.
Kyle, G. T., Bricker, K. S., Graefe, A., & Wickham, T. (2004). An examination of recreationists’ relationships with activities and settings. Leisure Sciences, 26(2), 123-142.
Kyle, G. T., Graefe, A., Manning, R., & Bacon, J. (2003b). An examination of the relationship between leisure activity involvement and place attachment among hikers along the appalachian trail. Journal of Leisure Research, 35(3), 249-273.
Lee, C.-K., Kim, S.-S., & Kang, S. (2003). Perceptions of casino impacts: a Korean Lognitudinal study. Tourism Management, 24, 45-55.
Lee, C.-K., & Back, K.-J. (2006). Examining structural relationships among perceived impace, benefit, and support for casino development based on 4 year longitudinal data. Tourism Management, 27(3), 466-480.
Lee, C.-K., Kang, S. K., Long P., & Reisinger Y.. (2010). Perceptions of casino impacts: a Korean Lognitudinal study. Tourism Management, 31(2), 189-201.
Leonard, A. J. (2008). Residents' perceptions of the impacts of special event tourism. Journal of Place Management and Development, 1(3), 240.
Lindberg, K., & Johnson, R. (1997). Modeling Resident Attitudes toward Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(2), 402-424.
Liu, J. C., & Var, T. (1986). Resident attitudes toward tourism impacts in Hawaii. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(2), 193-214.
Long, P. T. (1996). Early impacts of limited stakes casino gambling on rural community life. Tourism Management, 17(5), 341–353.
M. Angeles, O.-G., Mario, C.-V., David, M.-R. (2008). Gaining residents' su:ort for tourism and planning. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(2), 95-109.
MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Method, 1(2), 130-149.
McAndrew, F.T. (1993). Environmental Psychology, Pacific Grove, CA :Brooks/Cole.
McCool, S., & Martin, S. R.(1994). Community attachment and attitudes toward tourism development. Journal of Travel Research, 32(1), 29-34.
Miller, G., & Twining-Ward, L. (2005). Monitoring for a sustainable tourism transition: The challenge of developing and using indicators. Wallingford, Oxforshire, UK: CABI Pub.
Milman, A., & Pizam, A. (1988). Social impacts of tourism on Central Florida. Annals of Tourism Research, 15(2), 191-204.
Moore, R. L., & Graefe, A. R. (1994). Attachments to recreation settings: the case of rail-trail users. Leisure Sciences, 16(1), 17-31.
Moore, R. L., & Scott, D. (2003). Place attachment and context: Comparing a park and a trail within. Forest Science, 49(6), 877-884.
Munch, R. (1993). Sociological Theory: From the 1850s to the Present. Chicago:Nelson-Hall Publishers.
Nunnally, J.C.(1978). Psychomertric Theory(2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Perdue, R., Long, T., & Kang, Y. S. (1995). Resident su:ort for gambling as a tourism development strategy. Journal of Travel Research, 34(2), 3–11.
Perdue, R., Long, T., & Kang, Y. S. (1999). Boomtown tourism and resident quality of life: The marketing of gaming to host community residents. Journal of Business Research, 44(3), 165–177.
Pizam, A. (1978). Tourism’s impacts: The social costs to the destination community as perceived by its residents. Journal of Travel Research, 16(4), 8-12.
Pizam, A., & Pokela, J. (1985). The perceived impacts of casino gambling on a community. Annals of Tourism Research, 12(2), 147–165.
Proshansky H. M. (1978). The city and self-identity. Environment and Behavior, 10, 147-169.
Relph, E. (1976). Place and Placelessness. London: Pion.
Ritzer, G. (1983). Sociological theory. New York: Knopf.
Roehl, W. S. (1999). Quality of life issues in a casino destination. Journal of Business Research, 44(3), 223–229.
Schreyer, R., Jacob, G., & White, R.(1981). Environmental meaning as a determinant of spatial behavior in recreation. In Proceedings of the A:lied Geography Conferences, 294-300.
Shumaker, S.A., Taylor, R.B. (1983). Toward a clarification of people-place relationships: a model of attachment to place. In: Feimer, N., Geller, E.S. (Eds.), Environmental Psychology: Directions and Perspectives. Praeger Publishers, New York.
Snaith, T., Haley A. (1999). Residents’ opinions of tourism development in the historic city of York. England. Tourism Management, 20(6), 595-603.
Stokols, D., & Shumaker, S. A. (1981). People in places:a transactional view of settings. In: Harvey. J. H. (Ed). Cognition, Social Behavior, and the Enviornment. Eribaum, Hillsade. NJ. 441-448.
Surry, M. (1998). Roll of the dice. Asian Business, 34(8), 52-56.
Thibaut, J. W. & Kelly, H. (1959). The social Psychology of Groups. New York: Wiley.
Tuan, Yi-Fu. (1974). Topophilia: A Study of Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and Values. New York: Oxford University Press.
Tuan, Yi-Fu. (1977). Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Turner, J. H.(1991). The Structure of Sociological Theory. Chicago: The Dorsey Press.
Vaske, J. J., & Kobrin, K. C. (2001). Place attachment and environmentally responsible behavior. The Journal of Environmental Education, 32(4), 16-21.
Warzecha, C. A., & Lime, D. W. (2001). Place attachment in Canyonlands National Park: Visitors' assessment of setting attributes on the Colorado and Green Rivers. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 19(1), 59-78.
Williams, D. R. (2000). Personal and social meanings of wilderness: Constructing and contesting place in a global village. In A. E. W atson & G. Apple t (Eds.), Personal, societal, and ecological values of wilderness: Sixth world wilderness congress Proceedings on research, management, and allocation (Vol. II, pp. 77-82). Ogden, UT: U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
Williams, D. R., & Patterson, M. E. (1999). Environmental psychology: Mapping landscape meanings for ecosystem management. In H. K. Cordell and J. C. Bergstrom (Eds.), Integrating social sciences and ecosystem management: Human dimensions in assessment. policy and management (141-160). Champaign, 2: Sagamore.
Williams, D. R., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1989). Measuring place attachment : Some preliminary results. In L. H. McAvoy & D. Howard (eds.), Abstracts: 1989 Leisure Research Symposium (pp 32). Arlington, VA: National Recreation and Park Association.
Williams, D. R., & Vaske, J. J. (2003). The measurement of place attachment: Validity and generalizability of a psychometric a:roach. Forest Science, 49(6), 830-840.
Williams, D. R., Anderson, B.S., McDonald, C. D., & Patterson, M. E. (1995). Measuring place attachment: More preliminary. Symposium on Outdoor Recreation Planning and Management. National Recreation and Park Association Leisure Research Symposium, San Antonoio, TX.
Williams, D. R., McDonald, C. D., Riden, C. M., & Uysal, M. (1995). Community attachment, regional identity and resident attitudes toward tourism. In proceedings of the 26th Annual Travel and Tourism Research Association Conference Proceedings.
Williams, D. R., Patterson, M.E., Roggenbuck, J.W., & Watson, A. E.(1992). Beyond the commodity metaphor: Examining emotional and symbolic attachment to leisure. Leisure Sciences, 14(1), 46.
Wixom, B. H., & Watson, H. J. (2001). An empirical investigation of the factors affecting data warehousing success. MIS Quarterly, 25(1), 17-41.
Yoon, Y., Gursoy, D., & Chen, J. S. (2001). Validating a Tourism Development Theory with Structural Equation Modeling. Tourism Management, 22(4), 363-372.
指導教授 薛義誠 審核日期 2010-1-18
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明