博碩士論文 944401020 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:9 、訪客IP:35.173.57.84
姓名 歐陽玉萍(Yu-Ping Ou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系
論文名稱 A Novel VIKOR Weighted by ANP and DEMATEL on Information Security Control Assessment System
(A Novel VIKOR Weighted by ANP and DEMATEL on Information Security Control Assessment System)
相關論文
★ 由組織層面探討軟體程序成熟度★ 線上溝通平台融入概念圖合作學習之比較研究
★ 線上討論一定就會更好嗎?探討影響群體創造知識過程中知識分享與知識採用因素之研究★ 群體決策支援系統對團隊績效之影響-以時間壓力為調節因素
★ 在文化差異下,探討創新協同合作工具針對不同任務性質之績效★ Icon辨識與其設計屬性之關聯性探討
★ 創新協同合作工具之先導因素對績效的影響:強調工具特性與科技特性★ 以物件導向塑模未來研究方法配適於前瞻研究之系統架構
★ 在匈牙利文化下,探討Icon之設計屬性、主觀熟悉及辨識對其吸引力之影響★ Icon設計屬性吸引力與 情感、支配性認知、意義性認知之影響探討以匈牙利樣本為例
★ 在中國大陸文化下,Icon辨識、主觀熟悉與設計屬性對下載意願之關聯性探討★ 探討網路交友平台使用者之 交友機制使用意圖─以Dcard為例
★ 捷運乘客舒適度調查分析 以台北高運量板南-土城線為例★ 時依性路段暨時窗限制下單一車輛路線問題之研究
★ 飛航組員及客艙組員影響溝通協調關鍵因素之研究★ 廢棄機車回收廠區位選址之研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 由於電腦及網路的發達,企業和政府組織實施電腦化,以減少勞動力,材料和財務投資,及實現便捷和有效的服務。因此,資訊安全的重要性正在不斷地增加,相關資訊安全管理的議題也變得更為重要。很多研究採用多準則決策方法(MCDM)去評估風險有關的問題。在多準則決策方法中,妥協性排名方法(名為 VIKOR)被視為能處理多準則決策的一種適用技術。它適用於複雜系統的多目標最佳化。但是,在折衷解的方法上,很少有文章討論這些具有著相依性和回饋性的衝突(競爭)準則。同樣地,也很少有研究計算具相依性和回饋性準則整合的風險或評估風險控制措施實施的績效。因此,本研究提出了一個創新多準則決策模型,使用VIKOR結合 DEMATEL技術與ANP來解決準則間具有非獨立性和回饋性的問題。本研究利用DEMATEL技術,建立準則間的網絡關係圖(NRM),並以NRM為依據採用網絡分析法(ANP)去建構這些具有交互作用和回饋的準則或方案。還使用DEMATEL技術對ANP的未加權超矩陣做正規化,以改善它符合現實的世界。此外,提出一個VIKOR修正版以符合實務需求,最後,使用一個評估風險控制措施的實證來說明所提出方法。其結果顯示該方法能有效的幫助管理者驗證風險控制措施的有效性。
摘要(英) As a result of the development of computers and computer networks, corporations and government organizations have implemented computerization to (i) reduce labor, materials, and financial investment, and (ii) achieve convenient and effective services. Therefore, the importance of information security is steadily increasing. The issue of information security management has become more significant. Many studies adopt multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods to assess risk-related problems. Among the MCDM methods, the compromise-ranking method, named VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje in Serbian or VIKOR, which means Multicriteria Optimization and Compromise Solution, was introduced as an applicable technique within the MCDM framework. It was developed for multicriteria optimization of complex systems. However, few articles discuss the dependence and feedback of conflicting (competing) criteria in the compromise-solution method. Similarly, few studies calculate the integrated risks or assess the performances of the implemented risk controls after taking account of the dependence and feedback among criteria. Therefore, this research proposes a novel MCDM model using VIKOR-combined the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) technique with the analytic network process (ANP) to solve the problems of conflicting criteria that show dependence and feedback. DEMATEL technique is used to build a network-relationship map (NRM) among criteria and the ANP to model, based on the NRM, the interdependence and feedback among criteria or alternatives. Moreover, DEMATEL technique is also used to normalize the unweighted supermatrix of the ANP to improve it for suiting the real world. In addition, a revised VIKOR is proposed for pratical needs. Finally, an empirical application of evaluating the risk controls is used to illustrate the proposed method. The results show that the proposed method is effective in helping managers validate the effectiveness of risk controls.
關鍵字(中) ★ ANP
★ 風險控制措施評鑑系統
★ 風險管理
★ VIKOR
★ DEMATEL
關鍵字(英) ★ DEMATEL
★ VIKOR
★ ANP
★ risk management
★ Risk control assessment system
論文目次 Abstract i
Abstract (In Chinese) ii
Acknowledgments iii
Contents iv
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation and problem statements 1
1.2 Research objectives 1
1.3 Research framework and methods 2
1.4 Contributions of this research 5
1.5 Research outline 6
Chapter 2 Concept of risk and assessment methodologies 7
2.1 Risk management 7
2.2 Information security management system based on ISO/IEC 27001 10
2.3 Risk analysis and assessment for information security 15
2.3.1 Risk analysis and assessment 15
2.3.2 Risk analysis method for information security 19
2.4 Risk-control assessment 21
2.4.1 Problems related with the introduction of risk-control assessment 21
2.4.2 MCDM methodology in risk-control assessment 25
2.5 Assessment methodologies 26
2.5.1 DEMATEL 27
2.5.2 The ANP methodology 29
2.5.3 The VIKOR methodology 30
2.6 Summary 32
Chapter 3 A VIKOR method based on DEMATEL technique with ANP 33
3.1 Build a network relationship map using DEMATEL technique 34
3.1 1 DEMATEL technique 34
3.1.2 Example 36
3.2 An improved ANP 37
3.2.1 Using DEMATEL technique to improve ANP 38
3.2.2 Example 40
3.3 A novel VIKOR with multiple criteria decision making 44
3.3.1 VIKOR 45
3.3.2 A novel VIKOR method 48
3.3.3 Example 51
3.4 Summary 53
Chapter 4 A DEMATEL-based VIKOR technique with ANP for risk-control assessment 54
4.1 Background and problem descriptions 54
4.2 Generating evaluation criteria and collection of data and weights 55
4.3 Operation and results 57
Chapter 5 Discussions and managerial implications 66
Chapter 6 Conclusions and remarks 70
References 73
Appendix I 81
Appendix II 83
Appendix III 85
Appendix IV 86
Appendix V 109
Vita 114
參考文獻 Baca, M. (2004). “The risk assessment of information system security”, In: CUC.2004 6th CARNet Users Conference, Sep. 27-29.
Bandyopadhyay, K., Mykytyn, P.P. and Mykytyn, K. (1999). “A framework for integrated risk management in information technology”, Management Decision, 37(5), 437–445.
Biery, K. (2006). “Aligning an information risk management approach to BS 7799-3:2005”, SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room.
Bodin, L., Gordon, L., and Loeb, M. (2005). “Evaluating information security investments using the analytic hierarchy”, Communications of the ACM, 48 (2), 78–83.
Bodin, L., Gordon, L., and Loeb, M. (2008). “Information security and risk management”, Communications of the ACM, 51 (4), 65–68.
Bradbury, M.E. and Rouse, P. (2002). “An application of data envelopment analysis to the evaluation of audit risk”, Abacus, 38(2), 263-279.
Broderick, J.S. (2006). “ISMS, security standards and security regulations”, Information Security Technical Report, 11(1), 26–31.
BSI (1999). Information security management - Part 2: specification for information security management systems, BS 7799-2:1999, British Standards Institution, London.
Carroll, J.M. (1996). Computer Security (Third Edition), Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, USA.
Central Computer and Telecommunication Agency (CCTA) (2001). CCTA Risk analysis and management method, CRAMM User Guide, Issue 2.0.
Chiu, Y.J., Chen, H.C., Tzeng, G.H., and Shyu, J.Z. (2006). “Marketing strategy based on customer behavior for the LCD-TV”, International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 7(2/3), 143–165.
Commission of the European Communities Security Investigation Project (January 1993). Claims structure for the selection and development of risk analysis methods, Version 1.0.
C&A Systems Security Limited (2000). COBRA consultant products for Windows, Evaluation & User Guide.
Douglas, M. (1990). “Risk as a forensic resource”, Daedalus, 119(4), 1-16.
Duckstein, L. and Opricovic, S. (1980). “Multiobjective optimization in river basin development”, Water Resources Research, 16 (1), 14–20.
Eloff, J.H.P. and Eloff, M.M. (2005). “Information security architecture”, Computer Fraud & Security, 2005(11), 10-16.
Farn, K.J., Lin, S.K. and Lo, C.C. (2008). “A study on e-Taiwan information system security classification and implementation”, Computer Standards & Interfaces, 30 (1/2) 1–7.
Fontela, E. and Gabus, A. (1974). DEMATEL, innovative methods, Report no. 2, Structural analysis of the world problematique, Battelle Geneva Research Institute.
Fontela, E. and Gabus, A. (1976). The DEMATEL observer, Battelle Institute, Geneva Research Center.
Freimer, M. and Yu, P.L. (1976). “Some new results on compromise solutions for group decision problems”, Management Science, 22 (6) 688–693.
Frosdick, S. (1997). “The techniques of risk analysis are insufficient in themselves”, Disaster Prevention and Management, 6(3), 165–177.
Flowerday, S., Blundell, A.W. and Von Solms, R. (2006). “Continuous auditing technologies and models: A discussion”, Computers & Security, 25(5), 325-331.
Gabus, A. and Fontela, E. (1972). World problems an invitation to further thought within the framework of DEMATEL, Battelle Geneva Research Centre, Geneva, Switzerland.
Gabus, A. and Fontela, E. (1973). Perceptions of the world problematique: communication procedure, communicating with those bearing collective responsibility (DEMATEL Report No. 1), Battelle Geneva Research Centre, Geneva, Switzerland.
Gerber, M. and von Solms, R. (2005). “Management of risk in the information age”, Computers and Security, 24(1), 16–30.
Gordon, J. (1992). “Security modeling”, Risk Analysis Methods and Tools, IEE Colloquium on, 6/1-6/5.
Hori, S., and Shimizu, Y. (1999). “Designing methods of human interface for supervisory control systems”, Control Engineering Practice, 7(11), 1413–1419.
Huang, C.Y., Shyu, J.Z. and Tzeng, G.H. (2007). “Reconfiguring the innovation policy portfolios for Taiwan's SIP Mall industry”. Technovation, 27(12), 744–765.
Huang, J.J., Tzeng, G.H. and Ong, C.S. (2005). “Multidimensional data in multidimensional scaling using the analytic network process”, Pattern Recognition Letters, 26(6), 755–767.
Humphreys, T. (May-June 2006). “How to implement an ISO/IEC 27001 information security management system”, ISO Management Systems, 40-44, Available from: www.iso.org/ims [Cited on December 22, 2008].
Hwang, C.L., Yoon, K. (1981). Multi-objective decision making–methods and application–A state-of-the-art study, Springer-Verlag, New York.
International Register of ISMS Certificates (2009). Certificate Register, Available from: http://www.ISO27001certificates.com [Cited on April 26, 2009].
Information Security Forum (ISF) (1997). Simplified practical risk analysis methodology (SPRINT) user guide, pp. 43-57.
ISACA (2006). CISA Review Manual 2006, Information Systems Audit and Control Association, pp. 85, ISBN 1-933284-15-3.
ISO/IEC (2000). Information Technology— Code of Practice for Information Security Management, ISO/IEC 17799:2000(E).
ISO/IEC (2005a). Information Technology-Security techniques-Code of Practice for Information Security Management, ISO/IEC 17799:2005(E).
ISO/IEC (2005b). Information Technology-Security techniques-Information Security Management System-Requirements, ISO/IEC 27001:2005(E).
ISO/IEC (2002). Risk management- Vocabulary - Guidelines for use in standards, ISO/IEC Guide 73:2002.
ISO/IEC (1996). Information technology - Guidelines for the management of IT Security-Part 1: Concepts and models for IT Security, ISO/IEC TR 13335-1:1996.
Jacobson, R.V. (2002). Using CORA to implement the NIST risk management guide, Available from: http://www.ist-usa.com/Downloads/UsingCORAwithNISTSP800-30.zip [Retrieved December 22, 2006].
Jenkins, B.D. (1998). Security risk analysis and management White Paper, Countermeasures Inc. Available from: http://www.cs.kau.se/~albin/Documents/RA_by%20Jenkins.pdf [Retrieved April 15, 2005].
Jung, C., Han, I. and Suh, B. (1999). “Risk analysis for electronic commerce using case-based reasoning”, International Journal of Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance & Management, 8(1), 61–73.
Kamaike, M. (2001). “Design elements in the passenger car development: the classification and the influence analysis in case of recreational vehicle”, Bulletin of Japanese Society for Science of Design, 48(1), 29–38.
Kang, J.B. (2001). Internet Revolution and Internet Security, Triangle press.
Kailay, M.P. and Jarratt, P. (1995). “RAMeX: a prototype expert system for computer security analysis and management”, Computers and Security, 14(5), 449-463.
Karabacak, B. and Sogukpinar, I. (2005). “ISRAM: information security risk analysis method”, Computers & Security, 24(2), 147-159.
Karabacak B and Sogukpinar I. (2006). “A quantitative method for ISO 17799 gap analysis”, Computers & Security, 25(6), 413 – 419.
Karsak, E.E., Sozer, S. and Alptekin, S.E. (2002). “Product planning in quality function deployment using a combined analytic network process and goal programming approach”, Computers & Industrial Engineering, 44(1), 171–190.
Kim, S. and Leem, C.S. (2005a). “Security of the internet-based instant messenger: risks and safeguards”, Internet Research, 15(1), 88–98.
Kim, S. and Leem, C.S. (2005b). “Implementation of the security system for instant messengers”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.3314, pp. 739-744.
Kim, S. and Leem, C.S. (2004). “An information engineering methodology for the security strategy planning”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.3043, pp. 597-607.
Kim, S., Lee, H.J. and Leem, C.S. (2004). “Applying the ISO17799 baseline controls as a security engineering principle under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act”, Lecture Series on Computer Science and Computational Sciences, Vol.1, pp. 900-903.
Kirkwood, A.S. (1994). “Why do we worry when scientists say there is no risk?”, Disaster Prevention and Management, 3(2), 15-22.
Kruger, H.A. and Kearney, W.D. (2006). “A prototype for assessing information security awareness”, Computers & Security, 25(4), 289-296.
Krutz, R.L. and Vines, R.D. (2003). The CISSP Prep Guide: Gold Edition, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
Lee, J.W. and Kim, S.H. (2000). “Using analytic network process and goal programming for interdependent information system project selection”, Computers & Operations Research, 27(4), 367–382.
Leem, C.S., Kim, S. and Lee, H.J. (2005). “Assessment methodology on maturity level of ISMS”, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 3683, pp. 609–615.
Lin, C.-J. and Wu, W.-W. (2008). “A causal analytical method for group decision-making under fuzzy environment”, Expert Systems with Applications, 34(1), 205–213.
Lin, M., Wang, Q. and Li, J. (2005). “Methodology of quantitative risk assessment for information system security”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3802, pp. 526–531.
Liou, J.J.H., Tzeng, G.-H. and Chang, H.-C. (2007). “Airline safety measurement using a hybrid model”, Air Transport Management, 13(4), 243–249.
Liu, F., Dai, K., Wang, Z. and Ma, J. (2005). “Research on fuzzy group decision making in security risk assessment”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3421, pp. 1114–1121.
McEvoy, N and Whitcombe, A. (2002). “Structured risk analysis”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2437, pp. 88–103.
Meade, L.M. and Presley, A. (2002). “R&D project selection using the analytic network process”, IEEE transactions on engineering management, 49(1), 59–66.
Momoh, J.A. and Zhu, J. (2003). “Optimal generation scheduling based on AHP/ANP”, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics—Part B: Cybernetics, 33(3), 531–535.
Moses, R. (1992). “Risk analysis and management”, In: Jackson, K.M., Hruska, J., editors, Computer security reference book, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. pp. 227–263.
National Information and Communication Security Taskforce (NICST), Background (2001), Available from: http://www.nicst.nat.gov.tw/content/application/nicst/eng_background/guest-cnt-browse.php?cnt_id=56 [Retrieved February 2, 2007]
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (1995). An Introduction to Computer Security, NIST Special Publication 800-12, Washington: U.S. Department of Commerce.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (2001). Risk management guide for information technology systems, NIST Special Publication 800-30, Washington: U.S. Department of Commerce.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (2002). Risk Management Guide for Information Technology Systems, NIST Special Publication 800-30.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (2005a). Creating a Patch and Vulnerability Management Program - Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Special Publication 800-40.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (2005b). Information Security, NIST Special Publication 800-53.
Opricovic, S. (1998). Multicriteria Optimization of Civil Engineering Systems, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Belgrade.
Opricovic, S. and Tzeng, G.H. (2002). “Multicriteria planning of post-earthquake sustainable reconstruction”, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 17(3), 211–220.
Opricovic, S. and Tzeng, G.H. (2004). “Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of VIKOR and TOPSIS”, European Journal of Operational Research, 156(2), 445–455.
Opricovic, S. and Tzeng, G.H. (2007). “Extended VIKOR method in comparison with outranking methods”, European Journal of Operational Research, 178(2), 514–529.
Ou Yang, Yu-Ping, Shieh, H.-M. and Tzeng, G.-H. (2009a). “A VIKOR Technique with Applications Based on DEMATEL and ANP”, MCDM 2009, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Communications in Computer and Information Science (CCIS) 35, 780-799.
Ou Yang, Y.-P., Shieh, H.-M., Leu, J.-D. and Tzeng, G.-H. (2009b). “A VIKOR-based multiple criteria decision method for improving information security risk”, International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 8(2), 267-287.
Ou Yang, Y.-P., Shieh, H.-M., Leu, J.-D. and Tzeng, G.-H. (2008). “A novel hybrid MCDM model combined with DEMATEL and ANP with applications”, International Journal of Operations Research, 5(3), 160-168.
Owens, S. (1998). Information Security Management: An Introduction, British Standards Institution, London.
Reid, R.C. and Floyd, S.A. (2001). “Extending the risk analysis model to include market-insurance”, Computers & Security, 20(4), 331-339.
René, S.-G. (2005) “Information security management best practice based on ISO/IEC 17799”, The Information Management Journal, 39(4), 60–66.
Saaty, R.W. (2003). The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Decision Making and the Analytic Network Process (ANP) for Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback, Creative Decisions Foundation.
Saaty, T.L. (1977). “A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures”, Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 15(3), 234-281.
Saaty, T.L. (1980). The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Saaty, T.L. (1996). Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback: Analytic Network Process, RWS, Pittsburgh.
Saaty, T.L. (1999). “Fundamentals of the analytic network process”, International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process, Kobe, Japan.
Saaty, T.L. (2004). “The analytic network process: Dependence and feedback in decision making (Part 1): Theory and validation examples, SESSION 4B: Theory and development of the analytic hierarchy process/analytic network process”, In: The 17th International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making, August 6-11, 2004 at The Whistler Conference Centre, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada.
Sarkis, J. (2003). “A strategic decision framework for green supply chain management”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 11(4), 397–409.
Scarff, F., Carty, A. and Charette, R. (1993). Introduction to the Management of Risk, CCTA Library, HSMO Publication Center, London.
Scott, M.J. and Antonsson, E.K. (2000). “Using indifference points in engineering decisions”, In: ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences, Baltimore, USA.
Sekitani, K. and Takahashi, I. (2001). “A unified model and analysis for AHP and ANP”, Journal of the Operations Research Society of Japan, 44(1), 67–89.
Shin, D.J. (2001). Internet Information Security. Dongil Press.
Spinellis, D., Kokolakis, S. and Gritzalis, S. (1999). “Security requirements, risks and recommendations for small enterprise and home-office environments”, Information Management & Computer Security, 7(3), 121–128.
Sueyoshi, T., Shang, J. and Chiang, W.-C. (2009). “A decision support framework for internal audit prioritization in a rental car company: A combined use between DEA and AHP”, European Journal of Operational Research, 199(1), 219-231.
Swanson and Guttman, (1996). Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems. NIST, September 1996.
Tamura, M., Nagata, H., and Akazawa, K. (2002). “Extraction and systems analysis of factors that prevent safety and security by structural models”, In: The 41st SICE annual conference, Osaka, Japan.
Tzeng, G.H., Teng, M.H., Chen, J.J and S. Opricovic (2002). “Multicriteria selection for a restaurant location in Taipei”, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 21(2), 171–187.
Tzeng, G.H., Lin, C.W. and Opricovic, S. (2005). “Multi-criteria analysis of alternative-fuel buses for public transportation”, Energy Policy, 33(11), 1373–1383.
Tzeng, G.H., Chiang, C.H. and Li, C.W. (2007). “Evaluating intertwined effects in e-learning programs: a novel hybrid MCDM model based on factor analysis and DEMATEL”, Expert Systems with Applications, 32(4), 1028–1044.
United States General Accounting Office (USGAO) (1999). Information Security Risk Assessment, Available from: http://www.gao.gov/special.pubs/ai00033.pdf [Cited on October 11, 2008].
von Solms, S.H. (Basie) (2005). “Information security governance - compliance management vs operational management”, Computers & Security, 24(6), 443-447.
Warfield, J.N. (1976). Societal Systems: Planning, Policy and Complexity, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Woodroof, J and Searcy, D. (2001). “Continuous audit: model development and implementation within a debt covenant compliance domain”, International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 2(3), 169–191.
Wright, M. (1999). “Third generation risk management practices”, Computer Fraud & Security, 1999(2), 9–12.
Wu, W.-W. and Lee, Y.-T. (2007). “Developing global managers’ competencies using the fuzzy DEMATEL method”, Expert Systems with Applications, 32(2), 499–507.
Yilmaz, A. K. (2007). “Application of analytic network process in the enterprise risk management: An example of the selecting best operator in the airport business”, European Journal of Social Sciences, 5(3), 61-76.
Yoon, K. (1987). “A reconciliation among discrete compromise solutions”, The Journal of Operational Research Society, 38(3), 277–286.
Yu, P.L. (1973). “A class of solutions for group decision problems”, Management Science, 19(8), 936–946.
Yu, P.L. (1985). Multiple-Criteria Decision Making: Concepts, Techniques, and Extensions, Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York.
Zeleny, M. (1982). Multiple Criteria Decision Making, McGraw-Hill, New York.
指導教授 謝浩明(How-Ming Shieh) 審核日期 2010-1-19
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明