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姓名 林嘉文(Chia-wen Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 設計具誤差消除機制之串疊式三角積分調變器
(The Design of Cascaded Sigma-Delta Modulator with DAC Error Cancellation Scheme)
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摘要(中) 三角積分調變器已廣泛的應用在類比和數位介面間的資料轉換,如語音和通訊系統上的應用。相較於其他架構類比數會轉換器,三角積分調變器能達到較高的解析度同時對所組成電路的要求也較低,而且電路複雜度也較為簡單了。
對於高階多位元三角積分調變器架構來說,回授路徑上的數類比轉換器由於元件間不匹配造成的線性度問題,往往會決定了整體電路系統性能的好壞。因而發展出許多的額外的電路機制,來降低此數位類比換器產生的雜訊,有效的改善高階多位元三角積分調變器架構的效能。本論文提出一個有效消除回授路徑上數類比轉換器產生的誤差,大為降低此誤差對電路系統的影響。該電路以全差動交換式電容電路架構設計,透過TSMC 0.18μm製程,GSM通訊系統的規格來實現、驗證所提出的電路架構。
摘要(英) Sigma-delta modulators are widely used to implement the interface between analog and digital signal in data converters, such as audio and communication systems. The delta-sigma modulator is relatively insensitive to imperfections in circuit components and offers many advantages for realization of high-resolution analog to digital converters, and complexity of the analog circuits is much simple in comparison with Nyquist-rate converters.
For the high-order cascade multibit sigma-delta modulator, the linearity of the internal DAC in the feedback path will determine the performance of overall system. Various additional circuits have been proposed to improve the performance by suppressing the noise. In this thesis, we propose an improvement to suppress the performance degradation caused by nonlinearity of DAC. The circuit is implemented with fully differential switch-capacitor circuitry and simulated by the TSMC 0.18μm process. The experimental modulator is implemented over 200kHz bandwidth in GSM system specification to verify the proposed architecture.
關鍵字(中) ★ 三角積分
★ 調變器
★ 類比轉換器
★ 多位元
關鍵字(英) ★ ADC
★ modulator
★ multibit
★ sigma-delta
論文目次 摘要 .............................................................................................Ⅰ
英文摘要 ...................................................................................... Ⅱ
致謝 ............................................................................................ Ⅲ
目錄 ............................................................................................ Ⅳ
圖目錄.......................................... .................................................Ⅵ
表目錄................................................. ..........................................Ⅷ
第一章 介紹..................................................................................... 1
1-1 動機....................................................................................1
1-2 論文組織..............................................................................3
第二章 類比數位轉換器...................................................................... 4
2-1 尼奎斯特類比數位轉換器.........................................................4
2-2 超取樣類比數位轉換器............................................................6
2-2-1 量化誤差.....................................................................6
2-2-2 超取樣技術..................................................................9
2-3 三角積分調變器................................................................... 11
2-3-1 雜訊移頻................................................................... 11
2-3-2 三角積分調變原理....................................................... 12
2-4低階三角積分調變器.............................................................. 13
2-4-1 一階三角積分調變器.................................................... 13
2-4-2 二階三角積分調變器.................................................... 15
2-4-3 高階三角積分調變器.................................................... 17
2-5高階三角積分調變器架構........................................................ 18
2-5-1 單迴路架構................................................................ 18
2-5-2 串疊式架構................................................................ 20
第三章 多位元三角積分調變器............................... ............................ 22
3-1 多位元量化器架構................................................................ 22
3-2 實現的架構......................................................................... 25
3-2-1 介紹......................................................................... 25
3-2-2 架構......................................................................... 25
第四章 電路設計與模擬................................ .................................... 29
4-1 交換電容積分器................................................................... 29
4-2 電路規格評估...................................................................... 31
4-2-1 取樣電容................................................................... 31
4-2-2 開關電路................................................................... 33
4-2-3 放大器電路................................................................ 37
4-3 電路方塊設計...................................................................... 42
4-3-1 運算放大器................................................................ 42
4-3-2 時脈訊號產生電路....................................................... 46
4-3-3 比較器電路................................................................ 47
4-3-4 量化器電路................................................................ 50
4-3-5 開關電容加法電路....................................................... 52
4-4 模擬結果............................................................................ 53
第五章 結論................................................................................... 55
參考文獻.................................................................................. 57
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指導教授 魏慶隆(Chin-long Wey) 審核日期 2008-7-22
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