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姓名 邱晟源(Chen-yuan Chiou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 高速下行鏈路封包存取技術下的錯誤回歸隨選通道品質指示回報方案
(Error Regressed On-demand CQI Feedback Scheme in HSDPA)
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摘要(中) 高速下行鏈路封包存取是被稱為第三點五代的手機系統,能達到10Mbps以上的速率並且通過高速的分享通道解決封包瞬增的問題。為了因應無線網路通道狀況隨時間變動,達成無線資源有效運用,在高速下行鏈路封包存取中使用了動態調變與編碼的技術。使用者週期性的回報通道的狀況,而在規格書中定義了不同長短的週期,越短的週期能使得基地台更頻繁地取得通道資訊,因此能有更適當的資源分配。
但相對的,較頻繁的回報將造成多餘的電力浪費,並且影響其他通道的傳輸,因為如網頁的瀏覽這類資料傳輸有瞬時增加的特性,通道不是總在使用的情況下,這時的回報便是額外的負擔。所以一個良好的回報機制在新一代的手機系統中也扮演著重要的角色。
在此,我們提出了錯誤回歸隨選回報的方法,這方法擁有隨選回報方法能較好的保護第一個傳送封包的特性,並且通過監測通道的錯誤率在適當的時機啟動錯誤回歸,利用了封包之間傳輸的相關性和通道變化的相關性。透過我們的方法,能有較少的錯誤率和輕微的吞吐量影響,因此在相同的電力消耗下能有較好的表現。
摘要(英) HSDPA is called 3.5G related to 3G WCDMA/UMTS cellular system. It can reach over 10Mbps data rate and resolve the data bust problem by a high capacity shared channel. An important technology, AMC is used in HSDPA to manage the radio resource according the channel conditions, so that a good channel usage can achieve in HSDPA. In order to get the channel conditions between Node B and UEs, UEs periodically report the channel quality and have different cycles are defined in 3GPP specification.
A shorter cycle used make Node B better in resource deployment since Node B can know the channel conditions more often. But the channel is not always on used, the periodical report will cause unnecessary power consumption and channel interference. So a good feedback mechanism also plays an important role in the HSDPA.
In this paper, we present an error regressed on demand feedback scheme. This scheme is based on the on-demand scheme that has better ability on protecting the first packet. Besides, our scheme also monitors the error rate of channel and activates the error regression on appropriate time, and takes advantage of the correlation of data transmission and the correlation of channel changes. By this way, our scheme can reach less error rate and light decrease throughput, so that has good performance on power efficiency.
關鍵字(中) ★ 通道品質指示
★ 回報方案
★ 高速下行鏈路封包存取
關鍵字(英) ★ HSDPA
★ CQI
★ feedback
論文目次 Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1-1. HSDPA 2
1-1-1. Features of HSDPA 3
1-1-2. Architecture of HSDPA 5
1-1-3. New Channel added in HSDPA 8
1-1-4. Channel Mapping in HSDPA 11
1-2. CQI Feedback 14
1-3. Motivation 16
1-4. Thesis Organization 17
Chapter 2. Related Work 18
2-1. Cyclic CQI Feedback with redundancy cancellation 19
2-2. Variable Cyclic Feedback 21
2-3. NACKed based Feedback 22
2-4. Selective Channel Feedback 23
2-5. NACKed based On-demand CQI feedback scheme 24
Chapter 3. Proposed Scheme 27
3-1. Problem Description 27
3-2. Error Regressed On-demand CQI Feedback Scheme 30
3-2-1. NACKed based On-demand scheme and basic Idea 30
3-2-2. Throughput guarantee 32
Chapter 4. Simulation Results 35
Chapter 5. Conclusions and Future works 40
References …………………………………………………………………41
參考文獻 [1] H. Honkasalo, K. Pehkonen, M.T. Niemi and A.T. Leino, “WCDMA and WLAN for 3G and beyond”, in IEEE Wireless Communications, April 2002.
[2] S. Parkvall, E. Enqlund, M. Lundevall and J. Torsner, “Evolving 3G mobile systems:broadband and broadcast services in WCDMA”, in IEEE Communications Magazine, Feb. 2006
[3] H. Ekstrom, A. Furuskar, J. Karlsson, M. Meyer, S. Parkvall, J. Torsner and M. Wahlqvist, “Technical solutions for the 3G long-term evolution”, in IEEE Communications Magazine, March 2006.
[4] Nortel Networks, “HSDPA and beyond”, in Nortel Networks White Papers, Jun. 2005.
[5] 3GPP, “High speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)─overall description Stage 2”, 3GPP TS 25.308 Vol. 7.0.0, March 2006.
[6] 3GPP, “Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channels (FDD)”, 3GPP TS 25.211 Vol. 5.8.0, Dec. 2005
[7] 3GPP, “Multiplexing and channel coding (FDD)”, 3GPP TS 25.212 Vol. 7.1.0, June 2006.
[8] 3GPP, “Spreading and modulation”, 3GPP TS 25.213 Vol. 7.0.0, March 2006.
[9] 3GPP, “Physical layer procedure (TDD)”, 3GPP TS 25.224 Vol. 7.0.0, March 2006.
[10] 3GPP, “Physical layer procedure (FDD)”, 3GPP TS 25.214 Vol. 7.1.0, June 2006.
[11] 3GPP, “Radio Resource Control (RRC) Protocol Specification”, 3GPP TS 25.331 Vol. 5.19.0, Dec. 2006.
[12] M. Dotting, B. Raaf and J. Michel, “Efficient channel quality feedback schemes for adaptive modulation and coding of packet data”, Vehicular Technology Conference. 2004. IEEE, Sept. 2004.
[13] Soo-Yong Jeon, and Dong-Ho Cho, “Channel adaptive CQI reporting schemes for HSDPA systems”, IEEE Communications Letters, June 2006.
[14] Lucent Technology, “Variable rate channel quality indication in HSDPA”, 3GPP TSG RAN WG 1#22, Tdoc R1-01-1037, Nov. 2001
[15] N. Fukui, ”Study of Channel Quality Feedback in UMTS HSDPA”, IEEE Proc, Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications 2003, Sept. 2003
[16] Mitsubishi Electric, “Addition CQI Feedback”, 3GPP TSG RAN WG 1#28, Tdoc R1-02-1051, Aug. 2002
[17] Y.-J. Choi., and Saewoong Bahk, ” Selective channel feedback mechanisms for wireless multichannel scheduling”, IEEE World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, 2006, June 2006.
[18] D. Gesbert, and M. –S. Alouini, “How much feedback is multi-user diversity really worth”, Communications, 2004 IEEE International Conference on, June 2004..
[19] Soo-Yong Jeon, and Dong-Ho Cho, “Energy-efficient channel quality indication (CQI) feedback scheme for UMTS high-speed downlink packet access”, Vehicular Technology Conference 2005., Sept. 2005.
[20] Siemens, Mistubishi Electric, “Enhanced CQI reporting scheme”, 3GPP TSG RAN WG 1#32, Tdoc R1-030532, May 2003.
[21] Siemens, Philips, “Performance of Enhanced CQI reporting scheme”, 3GPP TSG RAN WG 1#35, Tdoc R1-031279, Nov. 2003.
[22] 3GPP, “High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) enhancements”, 3GPP TS 25.899 Vol. 6.0.1, Sept. 2004.
[23] Bernard Sklar, “Rayleigh Fading Channels in Mobile Digital Communication Systems, PartⅠ: Characterization”, IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 35, pp. 90 - 100, Jul. 1997.
[24] Haiyun Luo, Ramachandran Ramjee, Prasun Sinha, Li Li, Songwu Lu, "UCAN: A Unified Cellular and Ad-Hoc Network Architecture," in ACM MOBICOM'03, 2003.
[25] W. C. Jakes, “Microwave Mobile Communication”, Wiley, 1974.
[26] 3GPP, “User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception (FDD)”, 3GPP TS 25.101, Vol. 5.20.0, Dec. 2006.
[27] 3GPP, http://www.3gpp.org/
[28] EURANE, http://www.ti-wmc.nl/eurane/
[29] NS2, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/
指導教授 吳曉光(Hsiao-kuang Wu) 審核日期 2007-7-19
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