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姓名 謝耀緯(Yao-Wei Hsieh)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 整合多重解析度地形與建築物的景觀展示系統
(Multiresolution Terrain Visualization with Multiresolution Building Modeling)
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摘要(中) 城市和郊區的景觀展示系統提供使用者更真實的感觀和認識我們的環境。此外,使用者可以自由的在合成環境中瀏覽,藉此得到更多的資訊。在本論文中,我們結合了多重解析度地形模塑,視點相關展示、多重解析度建築物模塑、及鏡頭操縱等技術做飛行模擬應用。
為了構建立體的虛擬環境,我們需要許多模型資料;例如,地形、建築物、車輛等等。如果此虛擬環境中有大量的模型資料,繪圖的效率將會降低。因此我們需要一些技巧來改善繪圖的效率而又不失視覺品質。
在我們的系統中,大型的地形資料和複雜的建築物資料都需要建立成多重解析度的型態。自然的地形模型和人造的建築物模型需要不同的方法來建構其多重解析度的模型。在我們的論文中,地形的多重解析度模塑是使用漸進式網格 (progressive mesh) 產生;而建築物模型則是根據一連串的分割和簡化的步驟產生其多重解析度模型。另外,我們為此系統提供了一個路徑編輯器,能讓我們可以展示和重現飛行路徑。
摘要(英) Urban and suburban scenery visualization system offers the users more realistic presentation and understanding to our environment. Moreover, the users can feel free to walk and fly through the synthetic world to get more information. In this study, we propose a visualization system based on multiresolution terrain modeling, view-dependent browsing, multiresolution building modeling, and other operation functions.
To construct a 3D virtual environment, we need many models such as, terrain, buildings, vehicles, and others. If there are huge amount of models in the virtual environment, the rendering efficiency of the visualization system will degrade; thus we need advanced techniques to improve the visualization performance without reducing the visual quality. The multiresolution modeling technique is one way to improve the visualization performance without degrading the visual quality.
In the proposed system, huge terrain models as well as the complex building models are need to be simplified and built as multiresolution styles. The natural terrain models and the artificial building models need different techniques to construct the multiresolution models. In this study, the terrain multiresolution models are generated by the method of progressive mesh; the building multiresolution models are constructed by a sequence of separation and simplification processes. Moreover, we provide a path editor for the proposed system such that we can demonstrate or rehearse a fly through simulation.
關鍵字(中) ★ 簡化
★ 多重解析度模塑
關鍵字(英) ★ simplification
★ level-of-detail
★ Multiresolution
論文目次 Abstract...........................................................................................................ii
Contents ........................................................................................................ iii
List of Figures .................................................................................................v
Chapter 1 Introduction.....................................................................................1
1.1 Motivation ......................................................................................... 1
1.2 System overview................................................................................ 2
1.2.1 Multiresolution modeling ......................................................... 2
1.2.2 Simplification of buildings ....................................................... 2
1.2.3 Scripted flight path................................................................... 2
1.3 Thesis organization............................................................................ 4
Chapter 2 Related Works .................................................................................6
2.1 Multiresolution modeling................................................................... 6
2.1.1 Progressive mesh...................................................................... 6
2.1.2 Hierarchical face clustering...................................................... 8
2.1.3 Feature preservation in multiresolution meshes...................... 12
2.2 View-dependent browsing................................................................ 15
2.2.1 View-dependent progressive mesh ......................................... 15
2.2.2 Screen-space error.................................................................. 15
2.3 Simplification of building models.................................................... 18
Chapter 3 Simplification of Buildings ...........................................................19
3.1 Feature detection.............................................................................. 19
3.2 Hierarchical partition ....................................................................... 23
3.3 Simplification .................................................................................. 26
Chapter 4 Scripted Flight Path.......................................................................27
4.1 Path edited by a Catmull-Rom spline............................................... 27
4.2 Damping following.......................................................................... 32
Chapter 5 Experiments ..................................................................................37
5.1 Experimental platform..................................................................... 37
5.2 Realistic virtual scene ...................................................................... 38
5.3 Multiresolution buildings................................................................. 40
5.3.1 Feature extraction of building models .................................... 40
5.3.2 Simplification of building models .......................................... 42
5.4 Flight path editor ............................................................................. 44
5.4.1 Interface of flight path editor.................................................. 44
5.4.2 Applications of pathes ............................................................ 46
Chapter 6 Conclusions...................................................................................48
References.....................................................................................................49
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指導教授 曾定章(Din-Chang Tseng) 審核日期 2007-7-23
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