博碩士論文 946201001 詳細資訊




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姓名 劉嘉騏(Jia-Chyi Liou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 大氣物理研究所
論文名稱 應用SSM/I衛星資料分析颱風形成之激發機制
(Applying SSM/I data to analyze the formation mechanism of typhoons)
相關論文
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摘要(中) 熱帶氣旋往往在登陸時,會挾帶大量降雨,造成生命財產的損失,因此對熱帶氣旋的研究不在少數,其中也包括了預測熱帶氣旋的生成。而本研究即是利用SSM/I衛星資料估算環境場提供的能量,來探討影響颱風形成的關鍵。比較相近時間的a)晴空、b)由晴空發展至雲簇、及c)由晴空發展至熱帶氣旋,這三種狀況下,能量隨時間的變化情形,並分析影響颱風生成的激發機制。
結果顯示出,從晴空發展至雲簇,能夠再進一步發展成為颱風的關鍵,在於由降雨提供的潛熱釋放量的大小。若考慮整體海洋-大氣之環境場所提供的總合成能量,當此總合成能量達到本研究分析建立的門檻值,那麼就可以推斷此區域的環境場有足夠的能量支持熱帶雲簇在未來進一步發展成為颱風。
摘要(英) The heavy rainfall from typhoons often causes losses of lives and properties. So, the researches on tropical cyclone are numerous, including the prediction of the tropical cyclone’s formation. In this study, we employ SSM/I data to estimate the total energy provided from the environment to discuss what is the key factor that influences the formation of typhoon. We compare the time variations of the air-sea parameters in three situations (A. clear sky, B. from clear sky develops to cloud cluster, C. from clear sky develops to tropical cyclone) starting in the close timing, and analyze the main mechanism which influences the genesis of typhoon.
The result shows that the magnitude of latent heat release is very important for typhoon developed from cloud cluster. If we consider the total energy provided from the entire air-sea environment, we can suggest that the cloud cluster owning enough energy to form typhoon in the future when the total energy is larger than the threshold set up in our study.
關鍵字(中) ★ 颱風
★ SSM/I
★ 形成
關鍵字(英) ★ SSM/I
★ formation
★ typhoon
論文目次 摘要........................................................................................................................i
Abstract................................................................................................................ii
致謝......................................................................................................................iii
目錄......................................................................................................................iv
表目錄..................................................................................................................vi
圖目錄................................................................................................................viii
第一章 序論……..……………………………………………………………...1
1.1 前言……..……………………………………………………………...1
1.2 文獻回顧..……………………………………………………………...2
1.3 研究目的..……………………………………………………………...5
第二章 衛星儀器介紹與資料來源………………………………………….....8
2.1 SSM/I 儀器……………………………………………………………..8
2.2 紅外線衛星影像……………………………………………………….9
2.3 QuikSCAT 衛星資料…………………………………………………..10
2.4 JTWC 最佳路徑資料……………………………………………….…11
2.5 資料來源與範圍……………………………………………………...12
第三章 參數反演與研究方法………………………………………………...13
3.1 海氣參數反演……………………..………………………………….13
3.1.1 降雨反演式……………………..……………………………….13
3.1.2 海氣參數反演…………………..……………………………….14
3.1.3 環境場之合成總能量…………..……………………………….16
3.2 資料處理與研究方法………………..……………………………….16
3.2.1 資料處理……………………..………………………………...16
3.2.2 研究方法……………………..………………………………...17
第四章 結果分析與討論……………………..……………………………….20
4.1 個案討論……………………..………………………….………..…20
4.1.1 路徑誤差敏感度測試…..…………………………………...…20
4.1.2 平均海氣參數之分析…..…………………………………..….21
4.2 熱帶氣旋門檻值之探討…..…………………………………..…….30
4.2.1 2002 年個案之門檻值探討…..………………………………30
4.2.2 2003 年個案之門檻值探討…..………………………………35
4.2.3 綜合討論…..…………………………………..……………...39
第五章 結論與未來展望…..…………………………………..……………...41
參考文獻…..…………………………………..……………………………….44
附表…..…………………………………..…………………………………….49
附圖…..…………………………………..…………………………………….57
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指導教授 劉振榮(Gin-Rong Liu) 審核日期 2007-7-19
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