博碩士論文 946202018 詳細資訊




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姓名 江紹平(Shao-ping Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球物理研究所
論文名稱 台灣中部早期前陸盆地的地層紀錄
(Early development of the central Taiwan foreland basin revealed from stratigraphic record)
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摘要(中) 台灣中部的桂竹林層沉積年代為晚中新世至早上新世,為台灣前陸盆地最老的地層,本層記錄了由被動大陸邊緣轉變為前陸盆地的過程。本研究結合露頭的沈積相研究與台灣中部的鑽井資料,提出桂竹林層沉積環境的時空演變以及岩層厚度之側向變化,藉上述資料來探討台灣前陸盆地形成初期的發育過程。
沉積相的研究結果顯示整體桂竹林層之沈積環境演變,由最下部河口相的的關刀山砂岩段,往上過渡至遠濱相的十六份頁岩段,再往上則變淺為三角洲環境的魚藤坪砂岩段。由露頭與井下資料所繪製之桂竹林層三岩段厚度分布圖,可以看出明顯的岩層厚度側向變化。關刀山砂岩呈由北向南減薄的趨勢,且在彰化地區缺失。顯示北港高區北側在前陸盆地形成初期可能出露於地表,之後因造山帶荷重而逐漸下沉,導致關刀山砂岩以進覆的方式,往南覆蓋在前陸盆地基盤(北港高區)之上。另外,魚藤坪砂岩的沈積物則往造山帶的方向(向東)增厚。顯示於上新世早期,由於造山帶荷重的影響漸增,盆地已轉變為西淺東深,南北帶狀之形貌。
配合層序地層學的觀念,以沈積相為基礎可得到6種次層序。利用次層序疊加形式,及重要地層面辨識,將桂竹林層劃分為4個層序。底部3個層序的發育與全球海水面變化約略一致,唯獨第4個層序無法與全球海水位變化相對應,推測最頂部的層序可能受到造山帶荷重下壓與沉積速率加快所影響,使得與全球海水面變化不一致。
摘要(英) The sediments of the Kueichulin Formation were accumulated during the late Miocene to early Pliocene. This formation is the lowest succession of the Taiwan foreland sequence, providing the stratigraphic records that reveal the transition from passive-margin to foreland basin sedimentataion in central Taiwan.
By employing sedimentary facies analysis on 3 outcrop sections and well-log stratigraphic studies the depositional systems and early development of the central Taiwan foreland basin have been established. There are four major depositional systems, namely the tide-dominated estuary depositional system, the wave-and-storm influenced shallow-marine depositional system, the barrier-island complex and lagoon depositional system and the tide-dominated delta depositional system.
A series of isopach maps, shows a change of the depocenter of the three members of the Kueichulin Formation. During the late Miocene and in the earliest phase of the foreland basin development, the depocenter of the Kuantaoshan sandstone was similar to that of the passive margin. Later on, in the early Pliocene, the depocenter of the Yutenping Sandstone migrated further southward, where the Peikang basement High became submerged and started receiving sediments owing to rapid subsidence.
Sequence stratigraphic analysis reveals that the Kueichulin Formation consists of four sequence. The development of the first three sequences correlates well with the eustatic sea-level fluctuation. The development of the last sequence deviates from eustasy, indicating that rapid foreland basin subsidence and high rate of sedimentation may have modulated the sequence development.
關鍵字(中) ★ 前陸盆地
★ 台灣
★ 桂竹林
★ 地層
關鍵字(英) ★ stratigraphy
★ basin
★ foreland
★ Taiwan
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要.........................................I
英文摘要........................................II
致謝...............................................III
目錄...............................................IV
圖目...............................................VI
表目..............................................VII
第一章 序論.......................................1
1.1 前言.......................................1
1.2 研究區域地質背景...............1
1.3 前人研究...............................3
1.3.1 被動大陸邊緣與前陸盆地...3
1.3.3 沉積環境之變遷...................4
1.4 地層年代...............................5
1.5 岩石地層...............................6
1.5.1 福隆園層...............................6
1.5.2 上福基砂岩...........................6
1.5.3 關刀山砂岩段.......................6
1.5.4 十六份頁岩段.......................7
1.5.5 魚藤坪砂岩段.......................7
1.5.6 錦水頁岩...............................8
1.6 研究方法...............................8
第二章 沉積相分析.........................15
2.1 岩相.....................................15
2.2 沈積體系與沉積相.............15
第三章 地層對比與層序地層.........27
3.1 井測簡介.............................27
3.2 地層對比.............................28
3.3 次層序與次層序疊加方式.29
3.4 層序地層.............................32
第四章 討論.....................................45
4.1 沈積環境之變遷.................45
4.1 早期前陸盆地演化.............45
4.2 地層年代與層序地層.........46
第五章 結論.....................................53
參考文獻............................................57
附錄 各剖面詳細地層柱..................67
圖版....................................................81
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指導教授 林殿順(Andrew Tien-Shun Lin) 審核日期 2007-7-24
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