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姓名 魏谷州(Gu-zhou Wei)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 水文與海洋科學研究所
論文名稱 地表通量觀測與分析
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摘要(中) 渦度相關法被視為最準確的通量量測方法。本論文所架構之渦度
相關系統以10Hz 的取樣頻率進行資料擷取;該資料經過消除奇異
點、消除趨勢線以及二次座標軸旋轉等處理程序後,計算地表通量與
分析。利用相似性理論所建立的數學模型以及奧克考夫尺度長度可以
間接估算可感熱通量,此估算方法稱為flux variance 法。在均質、平坦的地形上,flux variance 法可藉由溫度的標準差估算可感熱通量。本論文利用渦度相關法以及flux variance 法估算在中央大學草地之可感熱通量與潛熱通量,並且分析其差異性。
摘要(英) Eddy covariance method is considered to be the most accurate method for measuring surface fluxes. Eddy data were collected at 10Hz sampling frequency for analysis. Surface fluxes were calculated after several data QC/QA, including despike, detrend, and double rotation. Based on the similarity theory, the flux variance method provides an alternative approach to estimate sensible heat fluxes with the Obukhov’s length and the temperature standard deviation. Both the eddy covariance method and the flux variance method were applied to estimate sensible heat fluxes and latent heat fluxes for the experimental site with grass landcover at the National Central University. Intercomparisons of fluxes estimated by both methods were discussed in this study.
論文目次 摘要 ………………………………………………………………………I
Abstract …………………………………………………………… II
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………………V
表目錄 …………………………………………………………………VII
第一章 緒論................................................1
1.1 前言...................................................1
1.2 研究目的 ............................................. 2
1.3 本文架構 ............................................. 2
第二章 文獻回顧........................................... 4
2.1 渦度相關法............................................ 4
2.2 間接量測法推估紊流通量................................ 5
第三章 研究方法........................................... 9
3.1 能量平衡式............................................ 9
3.1.1 淨輻射(Rn) ........................................ 10
3.1.2 土壤熱通量(G) ......................................11
3.1.3 土壤儲熱........................................... 11
3.2 渦度相關法(Eddy covariance method) ...................14
3.2.1 渦度相關法估算可感熱通量........................... 16
3.2.2 渦度相關法計算潛熱通量............................. 17
3.3 Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theorem .....................18
3.3.1 相似性數學模型..................................... 19
3.3.2 通用常數(Universal constant) .......................20
3.4 Flux Variance Method ................................ 21
3.5 能量閉合............................................. 25
3.5.1 最小平方法(Ordinary Least Squares,之後簡稱OLS) ....25
3.5.2 能量平衡比率(Energy Balance Ratio,之後簡稱EBR ) .. 26
第四章 實驗儀器與資料處理................................ 27
4.1 實驗地點............................................. 27
4.2 實驗資料............................................. 29
4.3 實驗儀器............................................. 31
4.3.1 超音速三軸風速計................................... 31
4.3.2 氪濕度計........................................... 32
4.3.3 土壤熱通量板....................................... 33
4.3.4 淨輻射計........................................... 34
4.4 儀器架設與資料存取架構............................... 35
4.5 資料處理............................................. 36
4.5.1 消除奇異點(Despike) ............................... 36
4.5.2 消除趨勢線(Detrend) ............................... 37
4.5.3 座標旋轉........................................... 38
4.6 計算步驟............................................. 40
第五章 結果與討論........................................ 42
5.1 Eddy Covariance 法估算紊流通量 ...................... 42
5.1.1 能量閉合........................................... 42
5.2 Flux Variance Method ................................ 47
5.2.1 相似性模型的檢視................................... 47
5.2.2 可感熱通量與潛熱通量............................... 50
5.2.3 溫度以及水氣密度傳輸效率分析....................... 52
第六章 結論與建議........................................ 56
6.1 結論................................................. 56
6.2 建議................................................. 57
參考文獻................................................. 58
附錄A ……………………………………………………………………62
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指導教授 李明旭(Ming-hsu Li) 審核日期 2007-7-18
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