博碩士論文 946402005 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:13 、訪客IP:3.215.79.116
姓名 吳善薇(Sin Mei)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球物理研究所
論文名稱 Seismic hazard assessment in Taiwan: Insights from historical seismicity and radar interferometry analyses
(Seismic hazard assessment in Taiwan: Insights from historical seismicity and radar interferometry analyses)
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摘要(中) 中文摘要
地震災害防治是急迫在眉睫的全球性議題,然而,有效的地震災害評估卻是
地震災害防治最重要的一環。本論文由五個單元組成:第一章概括介紹臺灣地體
構造、活斷層、地質分區、地震週期和地震週期模型。第二章則描繪如何利用現
代地震儀記錄的地震資料來制訂一個本地規模(Local magnitude)與震央震度
(Epicentral intensity)的經驗公程式:ML = 0.08I0
2
– 0.04I0 + 3.41,ML 係本地規模,
而I0 則是震央震度。通過此關係式,我們可以系統地依相同標準規納比較臺灣從
17 到20 世紀發生的歷史地震。歷史地震研究對於地震災害評估是很重要的,這
是因為現代地震儀所記錄的地震資料時間跨距很短,地震紀錄十分有限;藉由研
究歷史地震資料我們可較有效地評估大地震的發生週期。第三章廷續第二章歷史
地震的初步研究結果,比對區域的現今地表變形與地震分佈的關係。我們利用永
久散射體差分干涉法(Persistent Scatterers InSAR method)研究桃園-新竹-苗栗
地區近期構造活動,且從歷史地震事件的角度探討地殼變形與區域構造。第四章
分析台灣地震震度規模的問題,因為規模與震度估算的方法差異常導致不正確的
地震災害評估。最後,第五章以誤差百分比來驗証第二章所制訂的經驗公程,此
外平均和累加的PGA 和PGV 災害圖也在這章中呈現與討論。
摘要(英) Abstract
Earthquake hazard mitigation is a world-wide matter of great urgency and an
effective seismic hazard assessment is vital to it. In this dissertation, five chapters are
organized: Chapter I provides background information about tectonic setting of
Taiwan, active faults, geologic domains, earthquake cycle and recurrence models.
Chapter II describes how the instrumental seismic data can be utilized to formulate an
average empirical relationship between ML, the local magnitude, and I0, the epicentral
intensity: ML = 0.08I0
2
– 0.04I0 + 3.41, which, in turn, summarizes historical data for
three hundred years in a homogeneous way in Taiwan. The study of historical
seismicity is imperative in seismic hazard assessment since the instrumental seismic
recorded history is too short to record a sufficient amount of large earthquakes for
study. Historical data provide a window for us to qualitatively analyze large
earthquakes in the first approximation. Following the first approximation in Chapter II,
the seismogenic zone of Taoyuan-Hsinchu area (zone II) becomes the test region for
investigating recent tectonic activity using Persistent Scatterers InSAR (PSI) method.
We shift our angle of view in assessing seismic hazard from historical seismic events
to crustal deformation from the space in Chapter III. In Chapter IV, this PhD
dissertation addresses the inaccurate seismic hazard assessment arisen from
earthquake intensity scale problem in Taiwan. Characteristics of damaging seismic
events in Taiwan are also depicted. At last, in Chapter V, percentage error is especially
performed to test the validation and reliability of the empirical relationship done in
Chapter I: ML = 0.08I0
2
– 0.04I0 + 3.41. Average and cumulative PGA- and
PGV-depicted seismic maps are compared to our results in historical seismicity study
in Chapter II and radar interferometry analysis in Chapter III.
關鍵字(中) ★ Seismic harzard assessment
★ historical seismicity
★ radar interferometry
關鍵字(英) ★ Seismic harzard assessment
★ historical seismicity
★ radar interferometry
論文目次 Abstract ........................................................................................................................... i
Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................ ii
Contents ........................................................................................................................ iii
Table list ........................................................................................................................ vi
Figure list ..................................................................................................................... vii
Chapter I:
Taiwan tectonic and earthquake cycle overviews .......................................................... 1
1.0 Taiwan tectonic overview ........................................................................................ 1
1.1 Active faults in Taiwan ............................................................................................ 3
1.2 Geologic domains .................................................................................................... 3
1.3 Earthquake cycle overview ...................................................................................... 6
1.4 Recurrence models ................................................................................................... 7
References ................................................................................................................. 9-11
Figures 1.1-1.5 ........................................................................................................ 12-17
Chapter II:
Earthquake cycle in western Taiwan: insights from historical seismicity ................... 18
2.0 Chapter overview ................................................................................................... 19
2.1 Introduction .......................................................................................................... 20
2.2 Seismic records in Taiwan ..................................................................................... 22
2.2.1 Early stage (1900-1935) ................................................................................ 23
2.2.2 Intermediate stage (1936-1972) .................................................................... 23
2.2.3 TTSN stage (1973-1991) .............................................................................. 25
2.2.4 CWBSN stage (1992-Present) ...................................................................... 26
2.3 Magnitude Estimates .............................................................................................. 27
2.3.1 Magnitudes and intensity scales.................................................................... 27
2.3.2 Measured intensities and intensity at epicentre ............................................ 29
2.3.3 Application to Taiwan earthquakes ............................................................... 29
2.3.4 Insights from present-day seismicity ............................................................ 32
2.3.5 Comparison with previous studies ................................................................ 35
2.4 Seismogenic Zones and Earthquake History ......................................................... 35
2.4.1 Main historical earthquakes of the West Taiwan belt ................................... 36
2.4.2 Techniques used to summarize historical earthquake activity ...................... 40
2.5 Discussion and conclusion ..................................................................................... 43
References ............................................................................................................... 52-56
Tables 2.1-2.3 .......................................................................................................... 57-63
Figures 2.1-2.15 ...................................................................................................... 64-86
Chapter III:
Neotectonics of growth blind fault system in Taoyuan-Hsinchu area, northwestern
Taiwan revealved by InSAR persistent scatterers ........................................................ 87
3.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 88
3.2 Local geology......................................................................................................... 89
3.3 Study method ......................................................................................................... 91
3.3.1 From radar interferometry to InSAR persistent scatterers (PSI) .................. 91
3.3.2 Data ............................................................................................................... 92
3.3.3 PSI mean velocity ......................................................................................... 93
3.4 Interpretation of PSI result ..................................................................................... 93
3.5 GPS ........................................................................................................................ 94
3.5.1 Velocity field ................................................................................................. 94
3.5.2 Strain rate ...................................................................................................... 95
3.6 Discussion and Conclusion .................................................................................... 95
References ............................................................................................................... 98-99
Tables 3.1-3.2 ...................................................................................................... 100-101
Figures 3.1-3.9 .................................................................................................... 102-113
Appendix A ......................................................................................................... 114-115
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指導教授 張中白、Françoise Courboulex
(Chung_Pai Chang、Françoise Courboulex)
審核日期 2010-7-23
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