博碩士論文 953202064 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:14 、訪客IP:34.239.179.228
姓名 江偉銘(Wei-Ming Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 應用時間序列分析於GPS多路徑效應之研究
(Study on GPS Multipath Effects Using Time Series Analysis)
相關論文
★ 利用數個參考站模式化電離層影響量以進行GPS衛星測量★ 白化濾波應用於GPS動態衛星測量之研究
★ 應用數值地型於立體空載SAR影像之分析★ 消去GPS相位模稜OTF相對定位之研究
★ 應用地形物元於衛載SAR影像匹配之研究★ 參數解關聯應用於GPS雙主站相位模稜求解
★ 衛載SAR地塊影像匹配之參數最佳化★ 最小二乘過濾法應用於動態GPS衛星定位平穩性之研究
★ GPS即時動態定位最佳化演算法比較研究★ Radarsat-1 SAR影像最小二乘匹配之研究
★ 方差與協方差分量於Radarsat-1地塊影像匹配之研究★ 率定GPS接收器時間偏差對高程定位精度提升之研究
★ 分塊輻射參數調整應用於不同來源影像之匹配與套合★ 利用多參考站模式化相對對流層天頂向延遲以進行GPS動態定位
★ 研究不同資源衛星影像之匹配與套合★ 貝氏推論應用於GPS週波脫落改正與近即時定位之研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 在GPS短基線相對定位的應用上,使用二次差分可以消除大部分的誤差,多路徑效應誤差卻因測站間環境與衛星幾何構形的不同而無法去除。因此在高精度的GPS定位中,多路徑效應為主要的誤差來源之ㄧ。GPS定位精度的提升有賴於多路徑效應誤差的降低與消除,當衛星群幾何構形重覆出現時,多路徑效應具有重複性質。
本研究以GPS衛星群與接收天線間,每一恆星日的幾何重複性為基礎,探討GPS短基線定位的坐標時間序列特性,分析多路徑效應影響量與重複性,並使用恆星日濾波與最小二乘調和估計來降低多路徑效應的影響量,研究結果顯示這些方法在GPS靜態與緩速動態定位上,對於精度提升皆有正面的效益。
摘要(英) Most of the errors affecting GPS positioning in short baseline are minimized by double differencing technique, multipath effects error will remain due to the highly site-specific nature of reflection of GPS signals from nearby surfaces. Accordingly, multipath effects error is considered one of the major errors affecting precise GPS positioning. Estimates of position using GPS are improved by removing multipath signals, which repeat when the GPS constellation appears again.
The foundation of this research is the geometry between the GPS satellites and the receiving antenna should repeat in every sidereal day. The objective is to discuss the characteristic of the GPS positioning time series and analyze the influences and repetitions of multipath effects. This error can be reduced by using sidereal filtering and least squares harmonic estimation. The result demonstrates that the accuracy of the GPS static and slow-moving kinematic positioning can be improved by these methods effectively in GPS short baseline.
關鍵字(中) ★ 時間序列分析
★ 多路徑效應
★ 全球定位系統
關鍵字(英) ★ GPS
★ Multipath Effects
★ Time Series Analysis
論文目次 目錄 I
圖目錄 III
表目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 論文架構 5
第二章 GPS 衛星定位理論基礎 6
2.1 GPS 衛星觀測量之函數模式 6
2.1.1 虛擬距離觀測方程式 6
2.1.2 載波相位觀測方程式 8
2.1.3 差分模式 9
2.1.4 GPS衛星星曆 11
2.2 最小二乘混合平差模式 12
2.3 觀測資料之隨機模式 13
2.4 白化濾波與相位模稜搜尋 14
2.4.1 白化濾波理論 14
2.4.2 相位模稜搜尋 15
2.5 統計檢定 15
第三章 多路徑效應分析與精度提升 18
3.1 GPS衛星群週期分析 21
3.2 時間序列分析 22
3.2.1 自相關函數 22
3.2.2 相關係數 24
3.3 恆星日濾波 25
3.4 最小二乘調和估計 27
3.4.1 調和函數模式 27
3.4.2 最小二乘法 29
第四章 實驗成果與分析 33
4.1 實驗資料背景 33
4.2 實驗成果 33
4.2.1 GPS衛星群週期分析成果 34
4.2.2 零基線實驗成果 38
4.2.3 SPP0-SPP3(18.3 m)基線實驗成果 40
4.2.4 SPP0-NA00(8.3 km)基線實驗成果 54
第五章 結論與建議 68
5.1 結論 68
5.2 建議 70
參考文獻 71
附錄A 緩速動態實驗 75
參考文獻 林修國,1997。「模稜求定與時鐘偏差估計應用與衛星相對定位及姿態求解」,博士論文,國立中央大學大氣物理研究所,中壢。
徐浩雄,2000。「白化濾波應用於GPS動態衛星定位測量之研究」,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,中壢。
曾清凉、儲慶美,1999。「GPS衛星測量原理與應用」,國立成功大學衛星資訊研究中心,台南。
葉添福,2003。「最小二乘過濾法應用於動態GPS衛星定位平穩性之研究」,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,中壢。
謝吉修,2003。「GPS即時動態定位最佳化演算法比較研究」,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,中壢。
Agnew, D. C. and Larson, K. M., 2007. Finding the repeat times of the GPS constellation, GPS Solutions, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 71-76.
Amiri-Simkooei, A. R. and Tiberius, C. C. J. M., 2007. Assessing receiver noise using GPS short baseline time series, GPS Solutions, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21-35.
Estey, L. H. and Meertens, C. M., 1999, TEQC: The multi-purpose toolkit for GPS/GLONASS data, GPS Solutions, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp.42-49.
Goad, C. C. and Yang, M., 1997. A new approach to precision airborne GPS positioning for photogrammetry, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 63, No. 9, pp. 1067-1077.
Hardwick, C. D. and Liu, J., 1996. Characterization of phase and multipath errors for an aircraft GPS antenna, Navigation, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 41-54.
Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Lichtenegger, H., and Collins, J., 1997. Global Positioning System - Theory and Practice, 4th ed., Springer, New York.
Horemuž, M. and Sjöberg, L. E., 2002. Rapid GPS ambiguity resolution for short and long baselines, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 76, No. 6-7, pp. 381-391.
Marshall, J., 2002. Creating and viewing skyplots, GPS Solutions, Vol. 6, No. 1-2, pp. 118-120.
Lau, L. and Cross, P., 2007. Development and testing of a new ray-tracing approach to GNSS carrier-phase multipath modeling, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 81, No. 11, pp. 713-732.
Leick, A., 2004. GPS Satellite Surveying, 3rd ed., John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken.
Mohamed, A. H. and Schwarz, K. P., 1998. A simple and economical algorithm for GPS ambiguity resolution on the fly using a whitening filter, Navigation, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 221-231.
Ogaja, C. and Hedfors, J., 2007. TEQC multipath metrics in MATLAB, GPS Solutions, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 215-222.
Ogaja, C. and Satirapod, C., 2007. Analysis of high-frequency multipath in 1-Hz GPS kinematic solutions, GPS Solutions, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 269-280.
Park, K. -D., Nerem, R. S., Schenewerk, M. S., and Davis, J. L., 2004. Site-specific multipath characteristics of global IGS and CORS GPS sites, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 77, No. 12, pp. 799-803.
Ragheb, A. E., Clarke, P. J., and Edwards, S. J., 2007. GPS sidereal filtering: coordinate- and carrier-phase-level strategies, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 81, No. 5, pp. 325-335.
Souza, E. M. and Monico, J. F. G., 2004. Wavelet shrinkage: high frequency multipath reduction from GPS relative positioning, GPS Solutions, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 152-159.
Tapley, B. D., 1989. Fundamentals of orbit determination, In: Sansò, F. and Rummel, R.(eds.), Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Vol. 25, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 235-260.
Teunissen, P. J. G., 1995. The least-squares ambiguity decorrelation adjustment: a method for fast GPS integer ambiguity estimation, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 70, No. 1-2, pp. 65-82.
Teunissen, P. J. G., De Jonge, P. J., and Tiberius, C. C. J. M., 1997. Performance of the LAMBDA method for fast GPS ambiguity resolution, Navigation, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 373-383.
Walker, A. M., 2003. A note on estimation by least squares for harmonic component models, Journal of Time Series Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 613-629.
Wang, J., Stewart, M. P., and Tsakiri, M., 1998. A discrimination test procedure for ambiguity resolution on-the-fly, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 72, No. 11, pp. 644-653.
Wu, J. and Hsieh, C. H., 2008. GPS on-the-fly medium-length positioning by an estimation of the measurement variance, Journal of Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 459-468.
Xu, P., 2001. Random simulation and GPS decorrelation, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 75, No. 7-8, pp. 408-423.
Zheng, D. W., Zhong, P., Ding, X. L., and Chen, W., 2005. Filtering GPS time-series using a Vondrak filter and cross-validation, Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 79, No 6-7, pp. 363-369.
Zhong, P., Ding, X. L., Zheng, D. W., Chen, W., and Huang D. F., 2008. Adaptive wavelet transform based on cross-validation method and its application to GPS multipath mitigation, GPS Solutions, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 109-117.
指導教授 吳究(Joz Wu) 審核日期 2008-7-16
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明