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2.S. Shimpalee, S. Greenway, J.W. Zee, “The impact of channel path length on PEMFC flow-field design,?Journal of Power Source, 160, 98-406 , 2006
5.Q. Yan, H. Toghiani, J. Wu, “ Investigation of water transport through membrane in a PEM fuel cell by water balance experiments,?Journal of Power Sources, 158 , 316–325, 2006.
6.T.J. Freire, E.R. Gonzalez, “Effect of membrane characteristics and humidification conditions on the impedance response of polymer electrolyte fuel cells,?Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 503, 57–68, 2001.
7.A. Theodorakakos, T. Ous, M. Gavaises, J.M. Nouri, N. Nikolopoulos, H. Yanagihara, “Dynamics of water droplets detached from porous surfaces of relevance to PEM fuel cells,?Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 300, 673-687, 2006.
8.R. Eckl, W. Zehtnera, C. Leub, U. Wagner, “Experimental analysis of water management in a self-humidifying polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack,?Journal of Power Sources, 138, 137-144, 2004.
9.S.U. Jeong, E.A. Cho, H.J. Kim, T.H. Lim, I.H. Oh, S.H. Kim, “A study on cathode structure and water transport in air-breathing PEM fuel cells,?Journal of Power Sources, 159, 1089-1094, 2006.
10.F.Y. Zhang, X.G. Yang, C.Y. Wang, “Liquid Water Removal from a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell,?Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 153 (2), A225-A232 , 2006.
11.N. Rajalakshmi, T.T. Jayanth, R. Thangamuthu, G. Sasikumar, P. Sridhar, K.S. Dhathathreyan, “Water transport characteristics of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell,?International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 29, 1009 -1014, 2004.
12.K.H. Choi, D.H. Peck, C.S. Kim, D.R. Shin, T.H Lee, “Water transport in polymer membranes for PEMFC ,?Journal of Power Sources, 86,197-201, 2000.
13.B. Yang, Y.Z. Fu, A. Manthiram,“ Operation of thin Nafion-based self-humidifying membranes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells with dry H2 and O2,?Journal of Power Sources, 139, 170-175, 2005.
14.M. Sakai, J.H. Song, N. Yoshida, S. Suzuki, Y. Kameshima, and A. Nakajima, “Direct Observation of Internal Fluidity in a Water Droplet during sliding on hydrophobic surfaces,?Langmuir, 22, 4906-4909, 2006.
15.A. Taniguchi, K. Yasuda, “Highly water-proof coating of gas flow channels by plasma polymerization for PEM fuel cells,?Journal of Power Sources, 141, 8-12, 2005.
16.K. Tuber, D. Pocza, C. Hebling, “Visualization of water buildup in the cathode of a transparent PEM fuel cell,” Journal of Power Sources, 124, 403-414, 2003.
17.X. Liu, H. Guo, C. Ma, “Water flooding and two-phase flow in cathode channels of proton exchange membrane fuel cells ,” Journal of Power Sources, 156, 267-280, 2006.
18.K. Sugiura, M. Nakata, T. Yodo, Y. Nishiguchi, M. Yamauchi, Y. Itoh, “Evaluation of a cathode gas channel with a water absorption layer/waste channel in a PEFC by using visualization technique ,” Journal of Power Sources, 145, 526-533, 2005.
19.F.B. Weng, Ay Su, C.Y. Hsu, C.Y. Lee, “Study of water-flooding behavior in cathode channel of a transparent proton-exchanger membrane fuel cell,” Journal of Power Sources, 157, 674-680, 2006.
20.H.P. Ma , H.M. Zhang , J. Hu, Y.H. Cai , B.L. Yi, “Diagnostic tool to detect liquid water removal in the cathode channels of proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 162, 469-473, 2006.
21.A. Theodorakakos, T. Ous, M. Gavaises , J.M. Nouri , N. ikolopoulos , H. Yanagihara, “Dynamics of water droplets detached from porous surfaces of relevance to PEM fuel cells,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 300, 673-687, 2006.
22.D. Spernjak, A.K. Prasad, S.G. Advani, “Experimental investigation of liquid water formation and transport in a transparent single-serpentine PEM fuel cell,” Journal of Power Sources, 170, 334-344, 2007.
23.T. Ous, C. Arcoumanis, “Visualisation of water droplets during the operation of PEM fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 173, 137-148, 2007.
24.T. Murahashi, H. Kobayashi, E. Nishiyama, “Combined measurement of PEMFC performance decay and water droplet distribution under low humidity and high CO,” Journal of Power Sources, 175, 98-105, 2008.
25.H. Masuda1, K. Ito , T. Oshima, K. Sasaki, “Comparison between numerical simulation and visualization experiment on water behavior in single straight flow channel polymer electrolyte fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 177, 303-313, 2008.
26.C.Y. Wen, G.W. Huang, “Application of a thermally conductive pyrolytic graphite sheet to thermal management of a PEM fuel cell,” Journal of Power Sources, 178, 132-140, 2008.
27.X. Liu, H. Guo, F. Ye, C.F. MaFlow, “Dynamic characteristics in flow field of proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” International journal of hydrogen energy, in press, 2008.
28.R. Satija, D.L. Jacobson, M. Arif, S.A. Werner, “In situ neutron imaging technique for evaluation of water management systems in operating PEM fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 129, 238-245, 2004.
29.A Hakenjos, H. Muenter, U. Wittstadt, C. Hebling, “A PEM fuel cell for combined measurement of current and temperature distribution, and flow field flooding,” Journal of Power Sources, 131, 213–216, 2004.
30.D. Kramer, J. Zhang, R. Shimoi, E. Lehmann, A. Wokaun, K. Shinohara, G.G. Scherer, “In situ diagnostic of two-phase flow phenomena in polymer electrolyte fuel cells by neutron imaging Part A. Experimental, data treatment, and quantification,” Electrochimica Acta, 50, 2603–2614, 2005.
31.N. Pekula, K. Heller, P.A. Chuang, A. Turhan, M.M. Mench, J.S. Brenizer , K. Unlu, “Study of water distribution and transport in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell using neutron imaging,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, 542(A), 134–141, 2005.
32.A. Turhan, K. Heller, J.S. Brenizer, M.M. Mench, “Quantification of liquid water accumulation and distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell using neutron imaging,” Journal of Power Sources, 160, 1195–1203, 2006.
33.M.A. Hickner, N.P. Siegel, K.S. Chen, D.N. McBrayer, D.S. Hussey, D.L. Jacobson, and M. Arif, “Real-Time Imaging of Liquid Water in an Operating Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 153, A902-A908, 2006.
34.Y.S. Chen, Huei Peng , D.S. Hussey, D.L. Jacobson, D.T. Tran , T.A. Baset , M. Biernack, “Water distribution measurement for a PEMFC through neutron radiography,” Journal of Power Sources, 170, 376-386, 2007.
35.J.P. Owejana, T.A. Trabold, D.L. Jacobson, M. Arif, S.G. Kandlikar, “Effects of flowfield and diffusion layer properties on water accumulation in a PEM fuel cell,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32, 4489-4502, 2007.
36.F. Barreras, A. Lozano, L. Vali˜no, C. Mar´ın, A. Pascau,” Flow distribution in a bipolar plate of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell: experiments and numerical simulation studies,” Journal of Power Sources, 144, 54-66, 2005.
37.F. Barreras, A. Lozano, L. Vali˜no, R. Mustata, C. Mar´ın,” Fluid dynamics performance of different bipolar plates Part I. Velocity and pressure fields,” Journal of Power Sources, 175, 841-850, 2007.
38.X. Zhu, P.C. Sui , N. Djilali ,”Dynamic behaviour of liquid water emerging from a GDL pore into a PEMFC gas flow channel,” Journal of Power Sources, 172, 287-295, 2007.
39.T. Metz, N. Paust, C. Muller, R. Zengerle, P. Koltay ,”Passive water removal in fuel cells by capillary droplet actuation,”Sensors and Aatuator A, in press, 2007.
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41.S. Kim, S. Shimpalee, J.W.V. Zee, ”The effect of stoichiometry on dynamic behavior of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) during load change,” Journal of Power Sources, 135, 110-121, 2004.