博碩士論文 955202006 詳細資訊

姓名 葉錦諺(Chin-Yen Yeh)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 以影像為基礎之重度身障者人機介面
(Imaged-Based Human Computer Interfaces for People with Severe Disabilities)
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摘要(中) 本篇論文主要是提供一套以影像為基礎的低價位溝通輔具系統,讓不
本論文的溝通輔具系統主要提供7 個日常生活中常用到的功能,分別
摘要(英) This paper presents an implementation of a low-cost image-based
communication aid system which allows people with disabilities to use their
limited voluntary motions to communicate with family and friends, access
computers, and control TV and air conditioner, etc. The system consists of only
one low-cost web camera and a personal computer.
The communication aid dichotomizes daily living necessities into 7 groups
(e.g., Voiced Messages, Typing, Home Appliance Control, Help, A/V
Entertainments, Web Surfing, Messages). In addition to the seven selections,
Suspend and Exit, are another two available options. The system provides users
with three kinds of operational interfaces to operate the communication aid. First
of all, people who still are able to control their arms can operate the system via
the movements of their arms. Secondly, for people who still can voluntarily open
and close their mouths, the system can be operated via the open and the closure
of the mouth. Thirdly, for people with severe disabilities, an extreme disability
such as severe cerebral palsy or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the system can be
operated via eye blinks. People with different kinds of disabilities can choose an
appropriate operational interface from the aforementioned three interfaces to
operate the communication aid.
Experimental results show that the performance of the proposed
communication aid is very encouraging.
關鍵字(中) ★ 人機介面
★ 溝通輔具
★ 眨眼溝通
★ 漸凍人
關鍵字(英) ★ Human Computer Interface
★ Communication Aid
★ Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
★ Eye-Blink Communication
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 論文架構 2
二、溝通輔具系統相關研究 3
2-1 眨眼溝通法 3
2-2 眼電圖法 4
2-3 紅外線視訊系統 5
2-4 紅外線眼動圖法 6
2-5 光學瞳位追蹤系統 7
三、溝通輔具系統演算法 10
3-1 系統校正演算法 11
3-1-1 侵蝕與擴張 12
3-1-2 標號演算法 13
3-2 自動選擇點選方式 15
3-2-1 眼動點選演算法 16
3-2-2 唇動點選演算法 26
3-2-3 大動作點選演算法 29
3-3 點選檢驗 31
四、溝通輔具系統介面 32
4-1 硬體環境 32
4-2 系統操作流程 33
4-3 系統主要功能 35
4-3-1 中文語音資料庫 38
4-3-2 影音播放介面 39
4-3-3 中英文輸入介面 40
4-3-4 網際網路瀏覽介面 43
4-3-5 家電控制介面 44
4-3-6 尋求協助介面 46
4-3-7 傳送訊息介面 47
五、實驗結果 49
5-1 偵測眼睛測試 49
5-2 眨眼測試 50
5-3 唇動測試 50
5-4 大動作測試 51
5-5 中文輸入介面比較及測試 51
5-6 自動判斷點選方式測試 53
5-7 點選打字測試 54
六、結論與未來展望 56
6-1 結論 56
6-2 未來展望 56
參考文獻 58
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指導教授 蘇木春(Mu-Chun Su) 審核日期 2008-7-17
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