博碩士論文 955202024 詳細資訊




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姓名 張家豪(Jia-Hao Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 以AAM與PCA為基礎之眼鏡特徵弱化方法於人臉辨識之改進
(Improving Face Recognition Performance by Impairing Eyeglasses Features based on AAM and PCA)
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摘要(中) 本論文提出了一種新方法以主動外觀模型(Active Appearance Model, AAM)和主成分分析法(Principal Component Analysis, PCA)為基礎,於人臉影像上的鏡框資訊之弱化處理。首先,Adaboost將人臉影像從背景中擷取出來,使得大部分的背景資料被分離;第二步,以AAM進行人臉特徵分析,以形狀與紋理之結構關係對人臉特徵有模組化的描述,所以可以得知眼睛、嘴唇和鏡框的位置,根據AAM搜尋的結果進行人臉影像的正規化和鎖定包含鏡框區域,並且採用調適閥值方法(Adaptive Threshold)進行鏡框區塊的強化,被強化出來的鏡框區塊將被標記成損毀的影像區域;第三步,為了補償損毀的影像區域,採用PCA之影像重建,產生一張沒配戴眼鏡的人臉影像,所以損毀的影像區域會以PCA重建之影像相對應的區域進行補償,弱化原來的鏡框資訊,合成一張鏡框區塊被弱化的人臉影像;最後,採用遞迴處理重覆進行上述的影像合成動作,提升合成影像的品質,最後產生一張鏡框資訊最低的合成影像。本論文之實驗採用Eigenface之人臉辨識方法來驗證鏡框資訊被弱化之合成影像,並且拍攝粗框眼鏡和細框眼鏡的人臉影像來進行實驗比較。根據實驗的結果,本論文的方法的確能有效的提升配戴眼鏡之人臉影像在人臉辨識的辨識率,尤其在粗框眼鏡之人臉影像上,傳統的Eigenface的辨識率會受到嚴重影響,但是本論文的方法可以弱化鏡框資訊,使得合成影像的辨識率顯著提高。由於遞迴處理逐漸地弱化鏡框區塊的特徵,包含鏡框資訊、鏡框產生的陰影區域和鏡片的反光資訊,使得合成影像的品質提高,並且在人類視覺上比較自然。
摘要(英) In this thesis, a novel method for impairing eyeglasses features from a human facial image based on Active Appearance Model (AAM) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is proposed. Firstly, a human face image is captured and detected by using the Adaboost. A human face image can thereby be separated from the background image. Second, the features of a human face image are modeled using the AAM with the information of shapes and textures so that the locations of eyes, mouth and eyeglasses are known. The results of AAM searching are used to focus on the region containing eyeglasses, and then the method of Adaptive threshold is adopted to intensify the eyeglasses block. Third, a simple PCA reconstruction method is used to compensate the eyeglasses using the color of skin. As a result, a human face image without eyeglasses can be constructed. Therefore, the eyeglasses block can be replaced with the corresponding block of the constructed image and then a synthesized image impairing eyeglasses features is built. Finally, the quality of the synthesized image is further improved by recursive synthesized process. After that, an optimal synthesized human face image with only a little remaining information of eyeglasses is obtained. In this thesis, the eigenface face recognition method is chosen to verify that the synthesized image impairing eyeglasses features extracted by our proposed method can indeed enhance the face recognition performance. Besides, human face images wearing the heavy frame eyeglasses and the light frame eyeglasses are also analyzed in the experimental result. Experimental results show that our proposed method provides an effective solution to resolve the problem of eyeglasses occlusion, especially for the case of human face images wearing heavy frame eyeglasses in which the face recognition rate will decrease rapidly. The proposed method can impair the eyeglasses features and thereby improve the face recognition rate effectively. Moreover, the quality of synthesized image perceived by the human looks more natural for human vision.
關鍵字(中) ★ 人臉辨識
★ 主成分分析法
★ 主動外觀模型
★ 合成
★ 眼鏡
關鍵字(英) ★ PCA
★ AAM
★ Synthesize
★ Face Recognition
★ Eyeglasses
論文目次 摘要............................................i
Abstract........................................iii
目錄............................................v
附圖目錄........................................vi
表格目錄........................................vii
第一章 緒論.....................................1
1.1 研究動機....................................2
1.2 相關研究....................................3
1.3 系統架構....................................5
1.4 論文架構....................................8
2.1 Adaboost之人臉偵測..........................9
2.2 人臉偵測之範例..............................15
第三章 臉部特徵之偵測...........................18
3.1 Active Appearance Model之建立...............19
3.2 Active Appearance Model之搜尋...............22
3.3 Active Appearance Model之範例...............24
3.4 鏡框區塊偵測................................26
3.5 鏡框區塊偵測之範例..........................28
第四章 影像補償與合成...........................31
4.1 PCA之影像重建...............................31
4.2 PCA影像重建之範例...........................33
4.3 人臉影像之鏡框區域補償與合成................36
4.4 人臉影像之鏡框區域補償與合成之範例..........39
第五章 人臉辨識與驗證...........................42
5.1 人臉影像資料庫..............................42
5.2 實驗結果....................................44
5.2.1 特徵主軸對合成影像的辨識率之影響..........44
5.2.2 鏡框偵測方法對合成影像的辨識率之影響......50
第六章 結論與未來工作...........................52
6.1 結論........................................52
6.2 未來工作....................................53
參考文獻........................................55
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指導教授 范國清(Kuo-Chin Fan) 審核日期 2008-7-22
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