博碩士論文 956203003 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:2 、訪客IP:34.225.194.144
姓名 蔡玉嫈(Yu-Ying Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 太空科學研究所
論文名稱 利用福衛三號研究赤道波動現象
(Equatorial waves observed using FORMOSAT-3 GPS Occultation)
相關論文
★ 對全球QP回波觀測結果之整理與分析★ 利用中壢特高頻雷達觀測利奇馬颱風之波動現象
★ 電離層E層場沿不規則體地區特性之研究★ 颱風對流系統之雷達個案分析
★ 中壢上空低高度準週期回波之探討★ 利用剖風儀雷達分析台灣及帛琉地區的降水融解層特性
★ 利用衛星資料研究低平流層的重力波時空特性★ 大氣重力波位能之時空分布及控因
★ 聖嬰現象與赤道大氣克耳文波之可能關聯
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 運用福衛三號(FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC)衛星在2006年8月至2008年2月的觀測資料,我們分析出赤道大氣克耳文波(Kelvin wave)於低層平流層之結構與傳播方向,以及印度地區間熱帶輻合區(intertropical convergence zone,簡稱ITCZ)南北移動的情形。在大氣克耳文波方面,由溫度變動值的變化我們可以看到,在水平方向上,赤道大氣克耳文波相位有隨時間向東傳播的現象,相速度約為2680 km/day,結果並顯示在高度19公里處,波數為一以及二的周期分別為12-17天及8-12天;在垂直方向上,赤道大氣克耳文波相位結構隨高度向東傾斜,相位隨時間向下傳播,相速度約為0.5-1 km/day,垂直波長在2006年及2007年分別為4-6公里及6-10公里。在ITCZ方面,由福衛三號衛星資料演算出的水汽含量資料發現,高水汽含量區域隨時間在緯度位置上呈現約一年的變化,分別在二月及八月時移動到最南端以及最北端。配合地面降水量及長波輻射資料對應,水汽含量資料表現了ITCZ隨時間在緯度位置變化的特性。
摘要(英) Structure and propagation of equatorial atmospheric Kelvin waves and the latitudinal migration of intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) during August 2006 and February 2008 are observed using FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC data. Zonal Kelvin wave derived from temperature fluctuations at 19 km characterize eastward phase propagation with the phase speed 2680 km/day, the wave periods are 12-17 days for zonal wave number 1 and 8-12 days for wave number 2. The vertical structure of Kelvin wave tilts eastward with height between 18-30 km, the phase propagates downward with the phase speed 0.5-1 km/day, and vertical wavelengths are 4-6 km in 2006 and 6-10 km in 2007. Integrated water vapor derived from COSMIC data shows one year variation in time-latitude section, high value region moved to the most southern part and northern part on February and August. It shows the characteristics of the latitudinal migration of ITCZ.
關鍵字(中) ★ 赤道波動
★ 間熱帶輻合區
★ 克耳文波
★ 福衛三號
關鍵字(英) ★ ITCZ
★ FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC
★ Kelvin wave
★ equatorial waves
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論
1-1 研究回顧及介紹 1
1-2 研究動機 5
1-3 論文內容概述 6
第二章 儀器介紹與資料品質
2-1 儀器簡介
2-1.1 福爾摩沙衛星三號 7
2-1.2 TRMM衛星 12
2-1.3 NOAA衛星 14
2-2 福衛三號資料與板橋探空站資料比對 16
第三章 利用福衛三號研究赤道大氣克耳文波
3-1 資料選擇 19
3-2 溫度變化趨勢線 20
3-3 赤道大氣克耳文波之水平相位傳播 22
3-4 赤道大氣克耳文波之垂直相位傳播及結構 27
3-5 討論 31
第四章 利用福衛三號研究間熱帶輻合區
4-1 前言 35
4-2 資料選擇 36
4-3 水汽含量之演算 37
4-4 觀測結果 39
4-5 討論 43
第五章 結論 44
參考文獻 47
參考文獻 林松錦,福衛三號IOP觀測資料對東亞地區梅雨研究的影響評估與分析應用,財團法人國家實驗研究院國家太空中心補助專題研究計畫期末報告,2006
Bevis, M., S. Businger, T. A. Herring, C. Rocken, R. A. Anthes, and R. H. Ware, GPS Meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the Global Positioning System, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15,787-15,801, 1992.
Champollion, C., F. Masson, J. Van Baelen, A. Walpersdorf, J. Che´ry, and E. Doerflinger, GPS monitoring of the tropospheric water vapor distribution and variation during the 9 September 2002 torrential precipitation episode in the Ce´vennes (southern France), J. Geophys. Res., 109, D24102, doi:10.1029/2004JD004897, 2004.
Dhaka, S. K., M. Takahashi, Y. Shibagaki, M. D. Yamanaka, and S. Fukao, Gravity wave generation in the lower stratosphere due to passage of the typhoon 9426 (Orchid) observed by the MU radar at Shigaraki (34.85_N, 136.10_E), J. Geophys. Res., 108(D19), 4595, doi:10.1029/2003JD003489, 2003.
Dunkerton, T. J., The role of gravity waves in the quasibiennial oscillation, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26,053–26,076, 1997.
Fritts, D. C., and M. J. Alexander, Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere, Rev. Geophys., 41(1), 1003, doi:10.1029/2001RG000106, 2003.
Gu, G., and C. Zhang, Cloud components of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D21), 4565, doi:10.1029/2002JD002089, 2002.
Holton, J.R., M. Joan Alexander, and M.T. Boehm, Evidence for short vertical wavelength Kelvin waves in the Department of Energy-Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Nauru99 radiosonde data. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 20125–20130, 2001.
Kuo, Y.-H., T.-K. Wee, S. Sokolovskiy, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, and D. Hunt, Inversion and error estimation of GPS radio occultation data, J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 82, 507–531, 2004.
Kursinski, E. R., G. A. Hajj, S. S. Leroy, and B. Herman, The GPS radio occultation technique. TAO, 11, 53-114, 2000.
Lau, N.C., and M.J. Nath, A Modeling Study of the Relative Roles of Tropical and Extratropical SST Anomalies in the Variability of the Global Atmosphere-Ocean System, J. Climate, 7, 1184–1207, 1997.
Mote, P.W., T.J. Dunkerton, and D. Wu, Kelvin waves in stratospheric temperature observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 4218, doi:10.1029/200/JD001056, 2002.
Tsai, H.-F., T. Tsuda, G. A. Hajj, J. Wickert, and Y. Aoyama, Equatorial Kelvin waves Observed with GPS Occultation Measurements (CHAMP and SAC-C), J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., Vol. 82, 397-406, 2004.
Tsuda T., Y.,Murayama, H. Wiryosumarto, S.W.B. Harijono, and S. Kato, Radiosonde observations of equatorial atmosphere dynamics over Indonesia 1. Equatiorial waves and diurnal tides, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 10,491-10,505, 1994.
____, M. V. Ratnam, T. Kozu, and S. Mori, Characteristics of 10-day Kelvin wave Observed with Radiosondes and CHAMP/GPS Occultation during the CPEA Campaign (April-May, 2004), J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. Vol. 84A, 277-293, 2006.
Shimizu, A. and T. Tsuda, Characteristics of Kelvin waves and Gravity Waves Observed With Radiosondes Over Indonesia. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26159-26171, 1997.
Shiotani, M., J.C. Gille, and A.E. Roche, Kelvin waves in the equatorial lower stratosphere as revealed by cryogenic limb array etalon spectrometer temperature data. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26131-26140, 1997.
Soman, M. K., and K. K. Kumar, Space time evolution of meteorological features associated with the onset of Indian summer monsoon, Mon. Weather Rev., 21, 1177–1194, 1993.
Waliser, D. E. and C. Gauter, A Satellite-Derived Climatology of the ITCZ, J. Climate, 6, 2162-2174, 1993.
Wallace, J. M., and V. E. Kousky, Observational evidence of Kelvin waves in the tropical stratosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 25, 900-907, 1968.
Wang, B., Kelvin Waves. Elsevier Science Ltd., doi:10.1006/rwas.2002.0191, 2002.
Ware, R. et al., GPS sounding of the atmosphere from low Earth orbit: Preliminary results, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 19– 40, 1996.
Wickert, J., C. Reigber, G. Beyerle, R. König, T. Schmidt, L. Grunwaldt, R. Galas, T. Meehan, W. G. Melbourne, and K. Hocke, Atmospheric sounding by GPS radio occultation: First results from CHAMP, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(17), 3263– 3266, 2001.
指導教授 潘貞杰(Chen-Jeih Pan) 審核日期 2008-6-30
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明