博碩士論文 956204009 詳細資訊

姓名 孟祥中(Xiang-Zhong Meng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 水文地層剖析儀與氣壓式微水試驗儀調查淺層含水層水力傳導係數之研究
(Hydrostratigraphic Profiling Tool and Pneumatic Slug Test Investigates of the Hydraulic Conductivity for Shallow Aquifers)
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 水文地層剖析儀(hydrostratigraphic profiling tool, HPT)與氣壓式微水試驗儀(pneumatic slug test, PST) 在國際上近年使用本技術施行與成果顯示為即時、現地推估淺層(<25~30米)含水層垂直水力傳導係數,K(z),的尖端技術。本技術適用於淺層粒徑小於4 mm之未固結含水層,臺灣地區目前所設置地下水觀測站網獲得水力傳導係數資訊多為深層,如何有效、快速的決定淺層K(z)對含水層補注設計及執行是相當關鍵的因素。二者均與直接貫入(direct-push) 機組搭配使用,無須設井,程序快速。本研究內容包括(1) HPT及PST設備與限制、使用概要與資料分析方法,(2) 於高屏地區潮寮國小、大明國小及昭明國小三個地下水位觀測站施行HPT及PST試驗,獲得不同觀測站淺層含水層之導電度、地層反應壓隨深度變化結果與特定深度的水力傳導係數,經迴歸換算可決定觀測站的K(z)分佈,(3) 彙整HPT及PST研究資料與本研究現場試驗結果製成導電度、地層材料及粒徑大小之關係圖,提供後續研究HPT導電度參考。試驗結果表示利用HPT及PST對於地質材料K值有高辨認性。
摘要(英) The hydrostratigrapic profiling tool (HPT) and the pneumatic slug tester (PST) are two state-of-the-art technologies for real-time and in-situ determination available for shallow (less than 30 meters) of K(z), unconsolidated materials of grain size smaller than about 4mm. In Taiwan groundwater monitoring network to obtain hydraulic conductivity information for deep of K. How to effectively and rapidly determine K(z) is an important issue in the design and conduction of aquifer recharge. Because they are attached to the direct-push machine, their application requires no well installation and is relatively rapid. In this study include (1) HPT and PST equipment, limiting and data analysis methods, (2) HPT and PST tests at three sites in Southern Taiwan, collecting the vertical variation of electric conductivity and formation response pressure, and depth-specific hydraulic conductivity; regression analysis of them yields K(z) of the test locations, and (3) a chart for electric conductivity of different unconsolidated materials and grain size by making use of literature data and field data collected in this project, and it provides reference for HPT data analysis. The results of this assessment demonstrate that the HPT and PST can provide high-resolution K estimates.
關鍵字(中) ★ 直接貫入法
★ 氣壓式微水試驗儀
★ 水文地層剖析儀
關鍵字(英) ★ direct push
★ pneumatic slug tester
★ hydrostratigrapic profiling tool
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究目的 2
1.2 研究方法 3
第二章 水文地層剖析儀與氣壓式微水試驗儀工作程序 8
2.1 概要 8
2.2 適用範圍及限制 10
2.3 HPT試驗步驟 11
2.4 PST試驗步驟 14
2.5 資料分析方法 17
2.5.1 HPT資料分析 17
2.5.2 PST資料分析 20 PST反應特徵: 20形狀因子(shape factor): 20振盪反應資料分析: 23非振盪反應分析: 25
第三章 實例分析 26
3.1高雄縣潮寮國小 28
3.2屏東縣大明國小 40
3.3高雄縣昭明國小 52
3.4案例討論 56
第四章 HPT與PST國內外研究成果討論 63
4.1 導電度、地質材料與粒徑大小關係 80
第五章 結論與建議 83
參考文獻 85
附錄A、HPT試驗設備介紹 89
附錄B、PST試驗設備介紹 95
附錄C、HPT儀表顯示器介紹及操作說明 102
參考文獻 Butler, J.J. Jr. 1998, The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests, Boca Raton, Florida: Lewis Publishers.
Grant, F.S., and G.F. West, 1965, Interpretation Theory in Applied Geophysics. US: McGraw-Hill Inc.
Sumner, J.S., 1976, Principles of Induced Polarization for Geophysical Exploration. New York: Elesvier.
Vennard, J.K., and R.L. Street, 1975, Elementary Fluid Mechanics,5th ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Wentworth, E. C., The Valley of Enna & Other Poems of 1922: The Growing Dawn, and Spirit of the Lower North Side; Plays of 1922, Chicago, Covici-McGee.
Bouwer, H. and Rice, R. C. 1976, A slug test for determining hydraulic conductivity of unconfined aquifer with completely or partially penetrating wells, Water Resour. Res. 12, no. 3: 423-428.
Butler, J.J., Jr., J.M. Healey, L. Zheng, W. McCall, and M.K. Schulmeister, 1999, Hydrostratigraphic characterization of unconsolidated alluvium with direct-push sensor technology , Kansas Geological Survey Open-File Report 1999-40.
Butler, J.J. Jr., A.A. Lanier, J.M. Healey, and S.M. Sellwood, 2000, Direct-Push Hydraulic Profiling in an Unconsolidated Alluvial Aquifer, Kansas Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-62.
Butler, J.J. Jr. 2002, A simple correction for slug tests in small diameter wells, Ground Water 40, no.3: 303-307.
Butler, J.J. Jr., J.M. Healey, G.W. McCall, E.J. Garnett, and S.P. Loheide II, 2002, Hydraulic Tests with Direct-Push Equipment, Ground Water 40, no. 1: 25-36.
Butler, J.J. Jr., E.J. Garnett, and J.M. Healey, 2003, Analysis of slug tests in formations of high hydraulic conductivity, Ground Water 41, no. 5: 620-630.
Butler, J.J. Jr., P. Dietrich, V. Wittig, and T. Christy, 2007, Characterizing Hydraulic Conductivity with the Direct-Push Permeameter, Ground Water 45, no. 4: 409-419.
Chen, C. S., and Wu, C. R., 2006, Analysis of Depth-Dependent Pressure Head of Slug Tests in Highly Permeable Aquifers, Ground Water 44, no. 3: 472-477.
Chen, C. S., 2006, An Analytic Data Analysis Method for Oscillatory Slug Tests, Ground Water 44, no. 4: 604-608.
Chen, C. S., 2008, An analytical method of analyzing the oscillatory pressure head measured at any depth in a well casing, Hydrological Process 22, no. 8: 1119 -1124.
Dietrich, P., and C. Leven, 2006, Direct push technologies, In Groundwater Geophysics, ed. R. Kirsch, 321–340. Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Dietrich, P., J.J. Butler Jr., K. Faiss, 2008, A rapid method for hydraulic profiling in unconsolidated formations, Ground Water 46, no. 2: 323-328.
Geoprobe, 2007, HPT Standard Operating Procedure Technical Bulletin no. MK3137. 1-20.
Healey, J.M., J.J. Butler Jr. and D.O. Whittemore. 2001, Steam-aquifer interaction investigations on the middle Arkansas River: Construction of groundwater observation wells in Edwards, Pawnee, and Barton County, Kansas. Kansas Geological Survey Open-File Report 2001-48.
Healey, J.M., and S.M. Sellwood, 2004, The KGS Direct-Push Hydrostratigraphic Profiling Tool, Kansas Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-44.
Hvorslev, M. J., Time lag and soil permeability in ground-water observations, U.S. Army Corps of Engrs. Waterways Exper. Sta. Bull, no. 36, 1951.
Jong, S.C., J.T. Wilson, and F.P. Beck Jr., Measuring Vertical Profiles of Hydraulic Conductivity with in situ Direct-Push Methods, 2000, Journal of Environmental Engineering, 775-777.
McCall, W., J.J. Butler Jr., J.M. Healey, A.A. Lanier, S.M.Sellwood, and E.J. Garnett. 2002, A dual-tube direct-pushmethod for vertical profiling of hydraulic conductivity inunconsolidated formations, Environmental and EngineeringGeoscience 8, no. 2: 75–84.
Schulmeister, M.K., J.J. Butler Jr., J.M. Healey, L. Zheng, D.A. Wysocki, and G.W. McCall, 2003, Direct-push electrical conductivity logging for high-resolution hydrostratigraphic characterization, Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 23, no. 3: 52-62.
Sellwood, S.M., J.M. Healey, S. Birk, and J.J. Butler Jr., 2005, Direct-Push Hydrostratigraphic Profiling: Coupling electrical logging and slug tests, Ground Water 43, no. 1: 19-29.
van der Kamp, G. 1976, Determining aquifertransmissivity by means of well response test: The underdamped case, Water Resour. Res. 12, no. 1: 71-77.
Zlotnik, V.A.,M. Burbach, J. Swinhart, D. Bennett, S.C. Fritz, D.B. Loope, and F. Olaguera, 2007, Using Direct-Push Methods for Aquifer Characterization in Dune-Lake Environments of the Nebraska Sand Hills, Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, vol. XIII, no. 3: 205-216.
羅俊雄,溫國樑, 陳銘鴻, 謝宏灝,2002年,全國強震測站場址工程地質資料庫之建立。
指導教授 陳家洵(Chia-shiun Chen) 審核日期 2009-7-17
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡