博碩士論文 956205002 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:14 、訪客IP:54.198.246.164
姓名 謝馥揚(Fu-yang Hsieh)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 水文與海洋科學研究所
論文名稱 南海時間序列測站(SEATS)碳循環之探討:一維物理-生地化耦合模式之應用
(Carbon cycling at the South-East Asian Time-series Study (SEATS) site : application of a one-dimensional coupled physical-biogeochemical model)
相關論文
★ 翡翠水庫之水文特性及水理水質之模式研究★ 翡翠水庫及其集水區之氫氧碳同位素 水文學研究
★ 以三維數值模式模擬淡水河河口及感潮段鹽度與懸浮沉積物★ 淡水河重金屬傳輸模式之發展
★ 淡水河流域鹼度、酸鹼值與主要離子 之時空變化★ 水體中顆粒與沈積物之有機碳、氮及其穩定同位素研究:南海及翠峰湖
★ 淡水河口水舌擺盪動力機制之研究★ 翡翠水庫之沉降顆粒及沉積物中 多環芳香族碳氫化合物(PAHs)之研究
★ 呂宋海峽內潮及其強化生地化通量之數值研究★ 淡水河口之顆粒性有機碳、氮同位素及溶解性無機氮同位素之研究
★ 利用SPOT衛星影像探討蘭陽溪口淡水舌之時空變化★ 潮汐作用對東海生地化循環及初級生產力之影響
★ 淡水河流域溶解性有機碳通量之研究★ 淡水河流域營養鹽濃度及溶氧之變化與一維數值模擬
★ 利用衛星遙測資料探討南海與蘭陽溪河口生地化特性之時空變化★ 河口與近海環境懸浮顆粒物質之探討:顆粒性有機物之來源及懸浮顆粒之重量法測定
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本文利用一維物理耦合生地化模式(王,2007)加上碳循環副程式(Ocean Carbon-Cycle Model Intercomparison Project; OCMIP)來模擬並探討南海SEATS(South-East Asian Time-series Study)測站表水二氧化碳分壓的時序變化。
透過兩種不同季節之初始場並藉著數位模擬結果:利用3月與9月間船測資料之平均做為初始場,來進行生地化與碳循環模式的模擬。在模式中,鹼度與溶解性無機碳的觀測值受物理及生地化作用驅動後,再透過OCMIP所提供的副程式,推估南海SEATS測站表水的CO2分壓,以決定是二氧化碳的源(source)或匯(sink),並討論冬夏兩季海氣二氧化碳通量的大小與生物作用對南海SEATS測站的重要性。
得到模式模擬結果,並用觀測值修正後,海氣二氧化碳通量在冬季時為 -1.30 molC/m2/yr為二氧化碳的匯(sink),在夏季海氣二氧化碳通量為1.21 molC/m2/yr ,為二氧化碳的源(source);將全年度平均起來為0.07 molC/m2/yr,與前人估算資料符合(Chou, 2005)。
若無生物作用,則南海SEATS測站由海至氣二氧化碳通量在冬天將會增加0.88 molC/m2/yr,夏天則增加0.18 molC/m2/yr。
摘要(英) In this study, a one-dimensional model based on the Mellor and Yamada level 2.5 turbulence closure model was coupled to a biogeochemical model with carbon cycling to investigate the variation of pCO2 at the South-East Asian Time-series Study (SEATS) Site in the northern South China Sea (SCS) from 1997 to 2003. This study was focused on the biological effect on pCO2 and air-sea exchange of CO2.
The model was initiated by two different initial conditions, one for March and the other for September. Both conditions are taken from averaged ship board measurements of the hydrographic and biogeochemical data, including alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) data. The alkalinity and DIC concentrations, which are controlled by physical as well as biogeochemical processes, are used to calculate pCO2 values by the subroutine provided by OCMIP. The pCO2 data are used to determine whether the SEATS station is a carbon dioxide source or sink in different seasons..
The modeled sea to air fluxes of CO2 show a seasonal pattern similar to observations but differ somewhat in magnitudes. After calibrating the modeled fluxes with the observed values, we obtain the sea-to-air carbon dioxide flux to be -1.30 molC/m2/yr for winter and 1.21 molC/m2/yr for summer. The entire year average is 0.07 molC/m2/yr, close to Chou’s estimate (Chou, 2005).
Without biology, the sea-to-air carbon dioxide flux will be higher by 0.88 molC/m2/yr in winter and 0.18 molC/m2/yr in summer.
關鍵字(中) ★ 模式
★ 南海
★ 二氧化碳
★ 碳循環
關鍵字(英) ★ carbon cycle
★ SEATS
★ model
★ south china sea
★ pco2
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2南海環境簡介 2
1.3海洋中的碳循環 4
1.4研究目的 5
第二章 模式介紹 6
2.1物理模式 6
2.2生地化模式 9
2.3碳循環部分OCMIP-Biotic 13
2.3.1 碳循環參數 13
2.3.2 二氧化碳變數計算 14
2.4初始場設定 17
2.4.1大氣二氧化碳分壓 18
2.4.2生地化變數初始場設定 19
2.5 初級生產力的直接估算 21
2.6資料連結 23
第三章 模式結果 25
3.1數值實驗的垂直模擬結果 25
3.2 生地化變數之垂直深度剖面比較 27
3.3鹼度與DIC模擬結果 29
3.4海表二氧化碳分壓與通量模擬結果 30
第四章 討論 32
4.1 模式結果與討論 32
4.1.1模擬結果與觀測值之相關性比較 32
4.1.2海氣交換通量之修正 33
4.2生物作用對海表二氧化碳分壓與海氣間二氧化碳通量的影響35
4.2.1物理與生物對海表二氧化碳分壓的影響 35
4.2.2物理與生物對二氧化碳分壓通量的影響 36
4.3二氧化碳敏感度測試與模式之改進 37
第五章 結論 40
英文參考文獻 42
中文參考文獻 47
參考文獻 Bannister, T. T., 1974, “Production equations in terms of chlorophyll concentration, quantum yield and upper limit to production.” Limno. and Oceanogr., Vol. 19, pp. 1-12.
Behrenfeld, M. J. and Falkowski P. G., 1997, “Photosynthetic rates derived from satellite-based chlorophyll concentrations.” Limno. and Oceanogr., Vol. 42, pp. 1-20.
Broecker, W. S., Patzert, W. C., Toggweiler,J. R. and Stuiver, M., 1986, “ Hydrography, 595 chemistry and radioisotopes in the south-east Asian basins.” Journal of 596 Geophysical Research 91, pp. 14345-14354.
Chao, S.Y. et al., 1996, “El Niño modulation of the South China Sea circulation.” Prog. Oceanog., Vol. 38, pp. 51-93.
Chen, D., Rothstein L. M. and Busalacchi A. J., 1994, “ A hybrid vertical mixing scheme and its application to tropical ocean models.” J. Physical Oceanography, Vol. 24, pp. 2156-2179.
Christian, J. R. and Karl D. M., 1995, “Bacterial ectoenzyme activities in marine water: Activity ratios and temperature responses in three oceanographic provinces.” Limnol. Oceanogr., Vol 40, pp. 1042-1049.
Christian, J. R., Marlon R. L. and Karl D. M., 1997, “Vretical fluxes of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre near Hawaii.” Journal of geophysical research, Vol. 102, NO. C7, pp. 15667-15677.
Christian, J. R., 2005, “Biogeochemical cycling in the oligotrophic ocean: Redfield and non-Redfield models.” Limnol. Oceanogr., Vol 50(2), pp. 646-657.
Chou, W. C., Sheu, D. D., Chen, C. T. A., Wang, S. L. and
Tseng C. M., 2005, “Seasonal variability of carbon chemistry at the SEATS time-series site, morthern South China Sea between 2002 and 2003.” Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Vol. 16, pp. 445-465.
Craig, P. D. and Banner, M. L., 1994, “Modeling wave-enhanced turbulence in the ocean surface layer.” J. Physical Oceanography, Vol. 24, pp. 2546-2559.
Dickson, A. G., 1994, “The plastic menagerie: CO2 teams compare seagoing systems.” US JGOFS News, Vol. 5(4), pp. 5.
Doney, S. C., Glover, D. M. and Najjar, R. G., 1996, “ A new coupled, one-dimensional biological-physical model for the upper ocean: Applications to the JGOFS Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) site.” Deep-Sea Research, Vol. 43, pp. 591-624.
Gong, G. C., Liu, K. K., Liu C. T. and Pai, S. C., 1992, “The chemical hydrography of the South China Sea west of Luzon and a comparison with the West Philippine Sea.” Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Vol. 3, pp. 587-602.
Keeling, C.D., Bacastow, R.B. and Whorf , T. P., 1982, “Measurements of the concentration of carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii.” In W.C. Clark (ed.), Carbon Dioxide Review: 1982. Oxford University Press, New York.
Keeling, C.D.,. Guenther P. R., Emanuele III, G., Bollenbacher A. and Moss D.J., 2002, “Scripps Reference Gas Calibration System for Carbon Dioxide-in-Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide-in-Air Standards: Revision of 1999 (with Addendum).” SIO Reference Series No. 01-11.
Liu, K. K., Chao, S. Y., Shaw P. T., Gong G. C., Chen C. C. and Tang T. Y., 2002, “Monsoon-forced chlorophyll distribution and primary production in the South China Sea: Observations and a numerical study.” Deep-Sea Research I, Vol. 49, pp. 1387-1412.
Liu, K.-K. et al., 2007, “The significance of phytoplankton photo-adaptation and benthic-pelagic coupling to primary production in the South China Sea: Observations and numerical investigations.” Deep-Sea Research II, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.05.009.
Mellor, G. L. and T. Yamada, 1982, “Development of a turbulence closure model for geophysical fluid problems.” Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, Vol. 20, pp. 851-875.
Mellor, G. and Blumberg, A., 2004, “Wave breaking and ocean surface layer thermal response.” J. Physical Oceanography, Vol. 34, pp. 693-698.
Petit, J. R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., Barkov, N. I., Barnola, J. M., Basile, I., Bender, M., Chappellaz, J., Davis, M., Delayque, G., Delmotte, M., Kotlyakov, V. M., Legrand, M., Lipenkov, V. Y., Lorius, C., Pépin, L., Ritz, C., Saltzman, E. and Stievenard, M., 1999, “Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica.” Nature, Vol. 399, pp. 429-436.
Price, J. F., Weller, R. A. and Pinkel, R., 1986, “Diurnal cycling: Observations and models of the upper ocean response to diurnal heating, cooling, and wind mixing.” J. Geophysical Research, Vol. 91, pp. 8411~8427.
Sarmiento, J. L., Murnane, R. and Lequere, C., 1995, “Air-sea CO2 transfer and the Carbon budget of the North Atlantic.” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci., Vol. 348, pp. 211-219.
Shaw, P. T., Chao, S. Y., Liu, K. K., Pai, S. C. and Liu, C. T., 1996, “Winter upwelling off Luzon in the north-eastern South China Sea.” J. Geophysical Research, Vol. 101, pp. 16435-16448.
Tseng, C. M., Wong , G. T. F., Lin, I. I., Wu C. R. and Liu K. K., 2005, “A unique seasonal pattern in phytoplankton biomass in low-latitude waters in the South China Sea.” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, L08608.
Tseng, C. M., Wang,G. T. F., Chou W. C., Lee B. S., Sheu, D. D., Liu K. K., 2007, “Temporal variations in the carbonate system in the upper layer at the SEATS station.” Deep-sea Research II, Vol. 54, pp. 1448-1468.
Venrick, E. L., 1993, “Phytoplankton seasonality in the central North Pacific: The endless summer reconsidered.” Limno. and Oceanogr., Vol. 38, pp. 1135-1149.
Wanninkhof, R., 1992, “Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean.” J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 97, pp. 7373-7382.
Wong, G. T. F., Ku T. L., Mulholland, M., Tseng C. M. and Wang D. P., 2007, “The SouthEast Asian Time-series Study (SEATS) and the biogeochemistry of the South China Sea in overview.” Deep-Sea Research II, Vol. 54, pp. 1434-1447.
王麗文,2007。南海時間序列站之生地化年間變化研究:利用一為海洋生地化模式之探討。國立中山大學海洋地質及化學研究所博士論文。
周文臣,2004。南海時間序列測站海水之碳化學參數與碳-13之垂直分佈及其在混合層中的季節變化。國立中山大學海洋地質及化學研究所博士論文。
陳英傑,2004。南海初級生產力之估算與SEATS測站顆粒態有機質之觀測:應用於南海物理-生地化耦合模式之驗證與改進。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文。
指導教授 劉康克(Kon-Kee Liu) 審核日期 2009-7-21
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明