博碩士論文 961207002 詳細資訊




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姓名 白宜靈(Yi-Ling Bai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 學習與教學研究所
論文名稱 讀者選擇閱讀題材的自主性對外語詞彙偶發學習的影響
(The degree of freedom of reader choice and second language incidental vocabulary learning)
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摘要(中) 本研究的目的為探討學習者具有選擇閱讀材料的權利,是否影響他們閱讀時的詞彙偶發學習(incidental vocabulary learning)。另外,本研究也進一步探究學習者對於閱讀材料的感興趣程度與詞彙偶發學習之間的關係。
本研究包括了兩個實驗。在實驗一(study 1)與實驗二(study 2)中,研究者都將受試者分成兩組:自由選擇組(self-choice group) 和 系統分配組(system-assigned group)。實驗一的結果發現自由選擇組的學生在詞彙測驗的表現較系統分配組的學生好;自由選擇組的學生對於閱讀材料的興趣也明顯較系統分配組的學生高。但在實驗二中,兩組學生不僅在詞彙測驗的表現沒有顯著的差異,對於閱讀材料的感興趣程度也沒有顯著差異。本研究認為可能是興趣(interest)導致兩次實驗的結果不一致。最後,本研究進一步提供相關的建議,作為未來研究的參考。   
摘要(英) The main concern of this study is to investigate whether second language incidental vocabulary learning from reading is affected by whether the learner is allowed to choose the reading material as opposed to being assigned the material to read. It also examines effects of students’ level of interest in the reading material on their incidental vocabulary learning. Two experiments are reported in the thesis: study 1 and study 2. In both study 1 and study 2, participants were divided into a self-choice group and a system-assigned group. Students of the self-choice group could choose reading materials freely. Students of the system-assigned group were assigned passages. The result of study 1 shows that the incidental vocabulary learning of the students of the self-choice group was better than that of the system-assigned group. Also, students’ interest level of self-choice group was stronger than those of the system-assigned group. However, the results of study 2 shows that students of two groups were not significantly different in terms of not only target word tests but also interest levels in reading materials. Interest might be the main factor that causes the inconsistent results in two studies. The study provides suggestions and some directions for future research to explore this issue further.
關鍵字(中) ★ 興趣
★ 詞彙偶發學習
★ 自主性
關鍵字(英) ★ Autonomy
★ Incidental vocabulary learning
★ Interest
論文目次 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 BACKGROUND 1
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 2
1.3 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS 3
1.4 DEFINITION OF TERMS 3
1.4.1 Autonomy and readers’ choice 3
1.4.2 Incidental vocabulary learning 4
1.4.3 Interest 4
1.5 ORGANIZATION OF THE THESIS 4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 AUTONOMY 6
2.1.1 Learner autonomy 6
2.1.2 The importance of autonomy 7
2.1.3 Choosing reading materials and incidental vocabulary learning 8
2.2 INCIDENTAL VOCABULARY LEARNING 8
2.2.1 Incidental vocabulary learning from context 9
2.2.2 The importance of incidental vocabulary learning 9
2.2.3 The advantage of learning vocabulary from context 11
2.2.4 Evidence for incidental vocabulary learning 12
2.2.5 Incidental vocabulary learning in second language learning 13
2.3 INTEREST 15
2.3.1 The importance of interest 15
2.3.2 Interest and learning words from context 15
CHAPTER THREE STUDY 1 19
3.1 METHODOLOGY 19
3.1.1 Participants 19
3.1.2 Procedures 20
3.1.3 Data analysis 24
3.1.4 Research tools 25
3.2 RESEARCH RESULTS 28
3.2.1 Multiple-choice test 29
3.2.2 Interest questionnaire 29
3.3 CONCLUSION 30
3.3.1 The effect of reader choice 30
3.3.2 Interest and incidental vocabulary learning 31
CHAPTER FOUR STUDY 2 32
4.1 METHODOLOGY 32
4.1.1 Participants 33
4.1.2 Procedures 33
4.1.3 Data analysis 35
4.1.4 Research tools 35
4.2 RESEARCH RESULTS 36
4.2.1 Multiple-choice test 36
4.2.2 Interest questionnaire 37
4.2.3 Additional questionnaire 38
4.3 CONCLUSION 39
4.3.1 The effect of reader choice 39
4.3.2 Interest and incidental vocabulary learning 39
4.3.3 The choosing reasons of students 40
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 41
5.1 CONCLUSION 41
5.1.1 The effect of reader choice 41
5.1.2 Interest and incidental vocabulary learning 43
5.1.3 Summary 43
5.2 LIMITS OF THE RESEARCH 44
5.3 SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH 45
REFERENCES 46
APPENDICES 50
APPENDIX 1: LIST OF READING MATERIALS 51
APPENDIX 2: TEN READING MATERIALS 52
APPENDIX 3: TEN MULTIPLE-CHOICE TEST 62
APPENDIX 4: INTEREST QUESTIONNAIRE (PREVIEW) 72
APPENDIX 5: INTEREST QUESTIONNAIRE (FORMAL) 74
APPENDIX 6: ADDITIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE 75
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指導教授 衛友賢(David Wible) 審核日期 2011-1-24
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