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姓名 江重致(Chong-Jhih Jiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 人眼眼球模型與視覺表現之模擬分析研究
(Construction of a Human Eye Model for Visual Performance Analysis)
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摘要(中) 在本論文中,主要內容在於建構以生物醫學資料為依據的人類眼球的模型、探討分析視網膜上的影像及人眼散射的討論。其中利用了數學方程式描述水晶體的漸變式折射率以及人眼內各介質色散模型,並使用米氏散射(Mie scattering)模型來模擬人眼水晶體蛋白質造成的散射現象。藉由Code V及ASAP光學軟體的光追跡運算與模擬,此眼球模型的光學表現符合真實人眼的MTF表現與色差行為。在水晶體散射與視網膜眼底漫射模型建構成熟後,這個模型對探討在正常照明情況下以及眩光條件下的人眼視覺表現將會有很高的應用性。
摘要(英) The main content of this research work includes constructing a biometry-based human eye model, analyzing the image on retina, and discussing the scattering in human eye. The gradient refractive index of the crystalline lens and the dispersive properties of ocular media were modeled by mathematical functions. Mie scattering was introduced to simulate light scatter due to protein particle in crystalline lens. The optical performance of the proposed model was evaluated in CodeV and ASAP. The MTF and chromatic optical powers obtained from the model matched that of physiological eyes. Once the scattering models in crystalline lens and on retina surface are fully developed, this model will be highly potential for investigating visual performance in general and under the influence of glare sources.
關鍵字(中) ★ 眼球模型
★ 人眼
★ 視覺行為分析
關鍵字(英) ★ Visual Performance Analysis
★ Eye Model
★ Human Eye
論文目次 摘要.............................................i
英文摘要........................................ii
致謝...........................................iii
目錄.............................................v
圖索引........................................viii
表索引.........................................xii
第一章 緒論.....................................1
 1-1研究動機....................................1
 1-2人類眼球構造簡介............................1
 1-3人類眼球模型之發展史........................3
1-4論文大綱....................................8
第二章 背景知識及相關研究......................10
2-1基本定義與概念.............................10
 2-1-1非球面之光學面...........................10
  2-1-2屈光度.................................12
  2-1-3 眼球的調節............................12
  2-1-4光傳遞函數.............................13
  2-1-5照度與輝度.............................14
 2-2人眼幾何與折射率之參數.....................15
2-3眩光介紹與失能眩光.........................22
第三章 人類眼球模型的建構......................26
3-1水晶體漸變折射率模型.......................26
3-2幾何結構與介質的建構.......................29
3-3眼球色差的建構.............................35
3-4水晶體散射模型.............................39
  3-4-1眼球系統的散射行為.....................39
  3-4-2影響水晶體散射行為的因素...............40
  3-4-3建構水晶體散射模型.....................41
第四章 模擬結果的驗證與討論....................43
4-1點擴散函數與光傳遞函數.....................43
4-2眼球模型色差驗證...........................50
4-3人眼水平與垂直方向解析度實驗...............55
4-4散射模型的結果討論.........................58
  4-4-1眼球模型模擬失能眩光...................58
  4-4-2眼底的漫射行為之探討...................60
第五章 結論....................................62
參考文獻........................................63
中英文名詞對照表................................66
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指導教授 孫慶成、陳怡君
(Ching-Cherng Sun、Yi-Chun Chen)
審核日期 2009-7-23
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