博碩士論文 962206069 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:3 、訪客IP:34.204.200.74
姓名 林正曜(Cheng-yao Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 新型零後焦長太陽能集光器的設計
(Novel Design of solar concentrators with back zero focal distance)
相關論文
★ 中小型光學鏡組之高密度全場波前量測★ 使用液晶空間光線調制器之相移式光柵-十字狹縫量測裝置
★ 全像場同時取像像差量測★ 單頻位移與傾角量測干涉儀
★ 廣角物鏡之相對照度探討及其設計應用★ 相移式干涉儀之系統校正及量測軟體的撰寫
★ 非球面干涉儀之離軸對心校正★ 高數值孔徑顯微物鏡設計
★ Double Zernike Polynomial 校準光學系統★ 薄型化光展量疊加太陽能集光器
★ A Similarity-Guided Spots Sorting Method to Increase the Dynamic Range of a Shack Hartmann Sensor★ 雷射微型投影機波前量測技術
★ 旋轉掃描式非球面干涉儀之演算法開發及應用★ 校準低敏型Shack-Hartmann波前感測器
★ 利用Slanted-edge方法以及相位回復演算法量測光學系統的成像像差★ 非準直系統下Shack-Hartmann波前檢測器的校正補償
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本論文討論一具有高聚光倍率、輕量化、薄長形和零後焦長的特點的聚光鏡組,此設計可以使太陽能集光器系統的成本大大降低,不僅僅簡化了系統的複雜度,也對整個系統的重量降低。
本論文描述兩種新型的太陽能集光器,第一種為OAR鏡組的設計,利用離軸拋物面鏡概念將邊緣光線逐漸會聚到中心區域,其厚薄比可以達到5:1的比值。第二種為TIR鏡組的設計,利用全反射原理讓光經由兩次反射到達接收面上,其厚薄比可以達到6:1的比值。此兩種集光器都可以具有零後焦長的特性,利用光學軟體的輔助設計之下可以模擬到光學效率分別為66.57% 和77.68%。
摘要(英) This paper discusses the high Concentrating ratio, lightweight, long thin shape and the back zero focal distance features after the condenser lens group, this design can make the solar concentrator system cost greatly reduced, not only simplifies the complexity of the system, but also reduce the weight of the entire system.
This paper describes two new solar concentrator, the first lens module for the design is OAR, the use of the concept of off-axis parabolic mirror to the edge of the light gradually converging to the center area, and the thickness ratio can reach 5:1 ratio. Then, the second lens module for the design is TIR, the use of optical principle of total reflection to reach the receiver via two reflecting surface, the thickness ratio of 6:1 ratio can be achieved. These two concentrator can have the characteristics of the focal length of zero after using of optical software can be simulated the optical efficiency were 66.57% and 77.68%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 太陽能集光器 關鍵字(英) ★ solar concentrators
論文目次 目錄
摘要 ........................................................................................................................ I
ABSTRACT .............................................................................................................. II
目錄 ..................................................................................................................... III
表目錄 .................................................................................................................. V
圖目錄 ................................................................................................................. VI
第一章 緒論 ......................................................................................................... 1
1-1 研究背景 ................................................................................................ 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 ................................................................................... 1
1-3 論文架構 ................................................................................................ 2
第二章 非成像光學原理 ..................................................................................... 3
2-1 文獻回顧 ................................................................................................ 3
2-2 基本原理 ................................................................................................ 4
2-3 由光學不變量(Etendue)探討集光因素 .......................................... 5
2-3-1 定義集光比例(Concentration ratio) .................................. 6
2-3-2 光度理論推倒拉格朗不變量 .................................................... 8
2-4 輻射度學 .............................................................................................. 10
第三章 太陽能電池與集光器系統 ................................................................... 12
3-1 太陽能電池 .......................................................................................... 12
3-1-1 太陽能電池原理與種類 .......................................................... 12
3-2 系統架構介紹 ...................................................................................... 15
3-3 均化器與太陽追跡器 .......................................................................... 16
3-4 集光器種類 .......................................................................................... 17
3-4-1 折射式集光器系統 .................................................................. 18
3-4-2 反射式集光器系統 .................................................................. 19
3-4-3 複合式集光器系統 .................................................................. 20
第四章 太陽光譜與集光因素 ........................................................................... 24
4-1 太陽光譜 .............................................................................................. 24
4-2 集光因素 .............................................................................................. 25
第五章 太陽能聚光器設計與模擬 ................................................................... 27
5-1 簡介 ...................................................................................................... 27
5-2 off-axis relay type lens ............................................................. 27
5-2-1 one-dimensional relay lens ............................................. 28
5-2-2 radial parabolic relay lens ........................................... 28
5-2-3 兩反射鏡之間的關係 .............................................................. 29
5-2-4 設定變數 .................................................................................. 30
5-3 光學軟體模擬 ..................................................................................... 31
5-3-1 設定目標與模擬結果 ............................................................. 33
5-3-2 OAR 透鏡優化前ASAP 效率分析 .......................................... 36
5-3-3 OAR 透鏡優化後ASAP 效率分析 ............................................ 39
5-3-4 小結 ......................................................................................... 41
5-4 TIR type lens ................................................................................... 42
5-4-1 設定目標與變數 ...................................................................... 43
5-4-2 CODEV 優化過程跟條件 .......................................................... 45
5-5 ASAP 效率分析 ................................................................................... 46
5-5-1 小結與比較 .............................................................................. 53
第六章 結論與未來展望 ................................................................................... 57
6-1 結論 ...................................................................................................... 57
6-2 未來展望 .............................................................................................. 57
參考文獻 參考文獻
[1] 黃惠良, 蕭錫鍊, et al., "太陽電池(solar cell)." (五南出版社),2008.
[2] W.T.Welford and R. Winston , "High Collection Nonimaging Optics." (Academic press),1998.
[3] Wolfe, W. L. , "Introduction to Radiometry." (SPIE Optical Engineering Press):p 3-14,1998.
[4] Mark J. Oneill et al., "Photovoltaic receiver",United State Patent,No.US5,498,297,Mar.12,1996.
[5] Goswami, D. Y., F. Kreith, et al., "Principles of Solar Engineering." (Taylor and francis): p120-160,2000.
[6] 沈輝 and 曾祖勤 , "太陽能光電技術." (五南出版社): p40-p140,2008.
[7] Narkis E.I.Shatz et al., "Irradiance redistribution guide",United State Patent,No.US6,331,061,Dec.18,2001.
[8] N.J. REGNIER et al., "Solar tracking System", United State Patent,No.US2,913,583,Apr.20,1966.
[9] Ralf Leutz, A. Suzuki et al, “Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators,” Springer (2006)
[10] Ralf Leutz, A. Suzuki, et al, “Design of nonimaging Fresnel lens for solar concentrators,” Solar Energy, Vol. 65, pp. 379-387, 1999
指導教授 梁肇文 審核日期 2010-11-17
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明