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姓名 黃炳霖(Bing-Lin Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 起迄對旅行時間目標下高速公路匝道儀控之研究
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摘要(中) 藉由匝道儀控調節進入高速公路流量,維持高速公路主線上車流在一定的服務水準,是高速公路解決交通擁擠的主要方法之一。而目前匝道儀控的管制時間不再只限於特定時段,而是全天候24小時依照高速公路各路段交通的實際需要,機動採取管制措施。
緣此,本研究考量政府相關單位對於特定的起迄對,其高速公路的旅行時間能夠在預計時段內到達,以路網設計的方式,考量起迄對旅行時間目標下建構匝道儀控模型,根據用路人均衡條件運用巢化對角法進行交通量指派。最後提出數值範例加以驗證之,進而提出結論與建議。
摘要(英) Ramp metering control is one of the strategies to maintain traffic flows to satisfy a certain level of service in highway. However, the most ramp metering controls nowadays not focus on specific sessions, but according to 24-hour real time traffic situation in highway have different control measures.
In the following study, we will use network design method to formulate highway ramp metering model for OD-pair travel time reason based on relevant governmental estimation highway travel time for some OD-pair. To make some progress to solve the problem, we use Nested Diagonalization method to do traffic assignment. Numerical examples are presented to validate the results of the model. Finally conclusions and suggestions are presented.
關鍵字(中) ★ 巢化對角法
★ 路網設計
★ 匝道儀控
關鍵字(英) ★ network design
★ Nested Diagonalization
★ ramp metering
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究目的 2
1.3 研究範圍與假設 3
1.3.1 研究假設 3
1.3.2研究範圍 3
1.4研究方法與流程 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 動態旅運選擇模型 6
2.2匝道儀控相關文獻 10
2.3小結 17
第三章 匝道儀控數學模型 19
3.1 模型使用符號說明 19
3.2 均衡條件 21
3.3 數學模式 21
3.4 對等性證明 23
3.4.1 必要性證明 23
3.4.2 充分性證明 24
3.5一般化旅行時間 27
3.6時空網路 27
第四章 求解演算法與範例測試分析 30
4.1Frank-Wolfe演算法 30
4.2匝道儀控模型求解演算法 33
4.3 範例測試與分析 36
4.3.1輸入資料 36
4.3.2測試結果 37
第五章 結論與建議 47
5.1結論 47
5.2建議 48
參考文獻 49
附錄A 53
附錄B 55
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指導教授 陳惠國(Huey-Kuo Chen) 審核日期 2009-10-5
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