博碩士論文 963203088 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:5 、訪客IP:34.204.202.44
姓名 李柏亨(Bo-Heng Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 表面置換型單髁人工膝關節的設計與分析
(Design and Analysis of Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty)
相關論文
★ 三次元量床之虛擬儀器教學與訓練系統之設計與開發★ 駕駛模擬器技術開發及其在駕駛行為研究之應用
★ 電源模組老化因子與加速試驗模型之研究★ 應用駕駛模擬器探討語音防撞警示系統 對駕駛行為之影響
★ 遠距健康監測與復健系統之開發與研究★ 藥柱低週疲勞特性與壽限評估模式之研究
★ 非接觸式電子經緯儀電腦模擬教學系統之研究★ 適應性巡航控制系統對於駕駛績效影響之研究
★ 車輛零組件路況模擬系統之開發研究★ 高彎曲度之人工膝關節多軸向動態磨耗試驗機開發
★ 人工髖關節雙軸向動態磨耗試驗平台開發★ 大型犬人工髖關節之應力分析
★ 人體膝關節之高度彎曲電腦動態實體模型的建立★ 應用殘障駕駛模擬器探討失衡路況對人體重心影響之研究
★ 足型與足壓電腦輔助分析系統開發★ 超低溫液態氮生物試片儲存槽的研發
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) 膝關節是人體中承受最大負載的關節之一。近年來隨著醫學的發達,人類平均壽命逐年延長,罹患退化性關節炎的人逐漸增加。目前台灣約有三十二萬人深受膝關節疼痛之苦。他們因行走疼痛,上下樓梯困難,外出無法使用蹲式廁所而造成許多生活上的不便。若施行人工關節置換術,病患可以減輕、甚至完全解除疼痛;關節的功能、活動度及變形亦可明顯改善。
  微創手術是現代醫學發展的趨勢。據統計,在台灣一年大約有一萬個病人需接受人工膝關節置換手術。本研究目的為:1.發展創新的微小局部人膝關節,讓小面積軟骨損傷的患者有更合適病況的選擇;2.對手術器械及植入物客製化:客製化手術器械使得手術流程變得較為簡單,客製化人工膝關節曲面將與病患關節曲面完全貼合,減少手術過後的骨骼外型不平滑造成應力集中的現象; 3.建構動態運動模擬真實之膝關節股骨與脛骨運動及受力之間的分析平台,評估客製化單髁人工膝關節設計對整個膝關節動作之影響,得到植入物之受力曲線與接觸軌跡,藉以改進人工脛股骨關節之設計。
摘要(英) Among all joints in human bodies, the knee joint bears the biggest load. With the development of medical science in recent years, the average human life-span has been lengthened year by year. Nevertheless, more and more people are troubled by osteoarthritis. Nowadays around three hundred and twenty thousand people in Taiwan are suffering from the pain of knee joints. Serious pain can be caused during walking and going upstairs and downstairs. Furthermore, it is very inconvenient for they are unable to use squat toilet. If patients receive the operation of knee arthroplasty, the pain would be lightened or even totally eliminated. In addition, the function, movement and the problem of deformation of joints can be improved.
Minimally invasive surgery is definitely an important modern medical development tendency. According to the statistics, in one year, nearly ten thousand patients in Taiwan need the surgery of knee arthroplasty. This research aims to: 1. develop a brand-new smaller knee joint; therefore, the patient with a small area cartilage damage can have choice according the symptoms; 2. design custom-made implants and its surgical instruments: custom-made surgical instruments make the operation procedure comparatively simple; the surface of custom-made implants will fit the curved surfaces of patients’ joints, reducing the stress-concentration caused by the uneven surfaces of skeletons after the operation; 3. build and construct the true knee joint simulation of dynamic sport and movement and the analysis platform of force, hoping to improve the design of the knee joint implant.
關鍵字(中) ★ 局部置換
★ 植入物
★ 表面置換
★ 單髁人工膝關節
★ 客製化
關鍵字(英) ★ implant
★ partial knee resurface
★ Custom-made
★ UKA
論文目次 目 錄
摘 要....................................................................................................................i
Abstract.................................................................................................................ii
誌 謝..................................................................................................................iv
目 錄...................................................................................................................v
圖目錄................................................................................................................viii
表目錄................................................................................................................xiii
第一章、緒論.......................................................................................................1
1-1 研究的動機與目的...............................................................................1
1-2 文獻回顧...............................................................................................2
1-2-1 膝關節的解剖學與生物力學介紹............................................2
1-2-2 膝關節運動學介紹....................................................................6
1-2-3 膝關節的病理學及其治療......................................................13
1-2-4 膝關節之高度彎曲模擬分析..................................................18
1-2-5 膝關節動態模擬......................................................................24
1-3 本文架構..............................................................................................26
第二章、研究方法.............................................................................................27
2-1 三維膝關節電腦模型的建立..............................................................27
2-1-1 醫學影像資料之蒐集..............................................................27
2-1-2 膝關節模型之立體重建..........................................................30
2-2 表面置換型植入物與手術器械設計..................................................33
2-2-1 表面置換型植入物設計理念..................................................34
2-2-2 手術器械設計理念..................................................................38
2-2-3 遠端股骨模型製作..................................................................42
2-2-4 手術器械樣本製作..................................................................46
2-2-5 銑除手術模擬流程..................................................................47
2-3 膝關節動態模擬分析..........................................................................48
2-3-1 膝關節運動學參數資料..........................................................48
2-3-2 電腦動態分析模型的建立......................................................54
2-3-3 膝關節韌帶組織建立..............................................................58
2-3-4 脛股骨關節接觸力設定..........................................................61
第三章、實驗結果.............................................................................................62
3-1 手術器械模擬實驗結果......................................................................62
3-2 膝關節動態模擬分析結果..................................................................62
3-2-1 膝關節屈曲動作模擬結果......................................................62
3-2-2 植入物受力資訊......................................................................66
第四章、結果討論.............................................................................................68
4-1 手術模擬實驗結果討論......................................................................68
4-2 動態模擬分析結果討論......................................................................68
4-2-1 股骨後旋 (Femoral rollback)..................................................69
4-2-2 螺旋歸位機轉 (Screw-home mechanis)….............................72
第五章、結論與未來展望.................................................................................74
5-1 客製化單髁人工膝關節設計......................................................74
5-2 手術模擬設計..............................................................................74
5-4 膝關節動態模擬分析..................................................................75
參考文獻.............................................................................................................76
參考文獻 [1] John W. Hole, Jr., Karen A. Koos., Human Anatomy,胡明一、孫穆乾、陳懿慧等譯,藝軒圖書,民國八十四年。
[2] Martini, Bartholomew, Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,林自勇、鄧志娟、 陳瑩玲等譯,解剖生理學,全威圖書,民國九十二年。
[3] 呂厚山,人工關節外科學,科學出版社,北京,1998。
[4] Revolution Health Group LLC. http://www.revolutionhealth.com
[5] T.J.A. Momersteeg, L. Blankevoort, R.Huisles, J. G. M. Kooloos, J. M. G. Kauer and J. C. M. Hendrils., “The Effect of Variable Relative Insertion Orientation of Human Knee Bone-Ligament-Bone Complexes on the Tensile Stiffness”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 28, pp. 745-752, 1995.
[6] James Bicos, John P. Fulkerson and Andrew Amis., “Current Concepts Review: The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament”, Am. J. Sports Med. 2007;35; 484
[7] Nagura T, Matsumoto H, Kiriyama Y, Chaudhari A, Andriacchi TP., “Tibiofemoral Joint Contact Force in Deep Knee Flexion and Its Consideration in Knee Osteoarthritis and Joint Replacement.”, Journal of applied biomechanics, Vol. 22, pp. 305-313, 2006.
[8] W. Widuchowski, J. Widuchowski, T. Trzaska, “Articular cartilage defects: Study of 25,124 knee arthroscopies”, The Knee, Vol. 14, pp. 177–182, 2007.
[9] Takeo Nagura, Chris O. Dyrby, Eugene J. Alexander and Thomas P. Andriacchi., “Mechanical loads at the knee joint during deep flexion” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 20, pp. 881–886, 2002.
[10] Guoan Li Shay Zayontz, Louis E. DeFrate, Ephrat Most, Jeremy F. Suggs Harry and E. Rubash., “Kinematics of the knee at high flexion angles: an in vitro investigation” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 22, pp. 90-95,2004.
[11] A. Hemmerich, H. Brown, S. Smith, S.S.K. Marthandam and U.P. Wyss., “Hip, knee, and ankle kinematics of high range of motion activities of daily living” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 24, pp. 770–781,2006.
[12] Taiyo Asano, Masao Akagi, Kenji Tanaka, Jiro Tamura and Takashi Nakamura., “In vivo three-dimensional knee kinematics using a biplanarimage-matching technique” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related, Number 388, pp. 157–166, 2001.
[13] Richard D. Komistek, Douglas A. Dennis and Mohamed Mahfouz., “In Vivo Fluoroscopic Analysis of the Normal Human Knee” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related, Number 410, pp. 69–81, 2003.
[14] Louis E. DeFrate, Ramprasad Papannagari, Thomas J. Gill, Jeremy M. Moses, Neil P. Pathare and Guoan Li, “The 6 degrees of freedom kinematics of the knee after anterior cruciate ligament deficiency: An in vivo imaging analysis”, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 34,No. 8, 2006.
[15] Ingrid Sudhoff, Ste´phane Van Driessche, Se´bastien Laporte , J.A. de Guise and Wafa Skalli., “Comparing three attachment systems used to determine knee kinematics during gait”, Gait & Posture, Vol. 25, pp.533–543, 2007.
[16] Guoan Li, Ephrat Most, Peter G. Sultan, Shay Zayontz, Sang Eun Park and E. Rubash,. “Knee Kinematics with a High-Flexion Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Prosthesis An in Vitro Robotic Experimental Investigation”, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol. 86-a, No. 8, pp.1721-1729, 2004.
[17] L. Blankevoort, R. Huiskes, “Validation of a three-dimensional model of the knee” Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 29, Issue 7, pp. 955-961.
[18] Jim X. Chen, Wechsler, H. Pullen, J. M. Ying Zhu MacMahon, E.B.,“Knee surgery assistance: patient model construction, motion simulation, and biomechanical visualization” Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp. 1042-1052.
[19] S.J. Piazza, S.L. Delp, “Three-Dimensional Dynamic Simulation of Total Knee Replacement Motion During a Step-Up Task” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 123, 599, 2001.
[20] M Barink, A van Kampen, M de Waal Malefijt, N Verdonschot, “A Three-Dimensional Dynamic Finite Element Model of the Prosthetic Knee Joint: Simulation of Joint Laxity and Kinematics” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, Volume 219, Number 6, 2005.
[21] J. F. Shi, C. J. Wang, T. Laoui, R. Hall, “A dynamic model of simulating stress distribution in the distal femur after total knee replacement” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, Volume 221, pp. 903-912, 2007.
[22] Andy Williams, Martin Loganb., “Understanding Tibio-Femoral Motion”, The Knee, Vol. 11, pp. 81-88, 2004.
[23] T. P. Andriacchi, C. O. Dyrby and T. S. Johnson., “The Use of Functional Analysis in Evaluating Knee Kinematics”, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, Number 410, pp. 44-53, 2003.
[24] 王裕民,「人體膝關節之高度彎曲電腦動態實體模型的建立」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國九十六年。
[25] 吳昇財,「表面置換型人工臏股骨關節的設計與分析」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國九十七年。
[26]Susan J.mulholland, urs P. Wyss, “Activities of Daily Living in Non-Western Cultures:Range of Motion Requirements for Hip and Knee Joint Implants”, International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, Vol.24(3), pp. 191-198, 2001.
指導教授 黃俊仁、林上智
(Jiun-Ren Hwang、Son-Jyh Lin)
審核日期 2009-7-21
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明