博碩士論文 963204007 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:8 、訪客IP:3.228.24.192
姓名 張世佳(Shih-Chia Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 利用超音波結晶法降低小分子有機半導體分子的昇華點 以及藉由蛋殼膜增進AlQ3奈米管的光激發螢光強度
(Sublimation Point Depression of Small-Molecule Semiconductors by Sonocrystallization & Photoluminescence Intensity Enhancement of AlQ3 Nanotubes by Eggshell Membrane )
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摘要(中) 在本論文中已成功的將五環素(pentacene)與8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)的昇華點個別降低約40°C和120°C,所使用的方法是把五環素(pentacene)與8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)分散在差的溶劑,例如:水,並裝在10mL的透明玻璃瓶,利用頻率20kHz、電壓1500V的超音波振盪器,在-13oC環境下震盪10分鐘。超音波結晶法在低溫的環境溫度下,造成五環素(pentacene)粉末轉變為具有高晶格能的粉體,另外,也造成8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)粉末成為穩定α-form與界穩定ε-form的混和物,因此可降低昇華點。然而我們也發現到表面能與不純物並不是影響昇華點下降的主因。因為加熱表面的輻射熱傳播速率從Stefan-Boltzmann law可知是與溫度乘四次方正比,因此若可降低昇華點溫度,則在製作有機發光二極體(OLEDs)、有機薄膜電晶體(OTFTs)和太陽能電池(PV cells)製作元件時可大大降低熱損耗成本。
另一方面,另用蒸鍍法將8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)在沸水煮3分鐘的蛋殼外膜、沸水煮15分鐘的蛋殼外膜與溶解的蛋殼外膜蛋白質薄膜上,長出約800 nm長、150 nm寬的8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)奈米管。經由ESCA分析得知,沸水煮過的蛋殼外膜與溶解的蛋殼外膜蛋白質薄膜都具有環酐鍵結,O=C-O-C=O,與C=N鍵結。這些鍵結提供更多的成核位置給8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)的喹啉配位基。然而表面擴散模型說明了AlQ3分子會隨著奈米管的表面做長距離的移動,藉著接觸到最外層的管壁逐漸延伸管長,同時增加管壁厚,亦稱為”lip-lip”相互作用。因此8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)可以在單位體積中的單位表面積上長出密度更高的8-羥基喹啉鋁(Alq3)奈米管,也令其光激發螢光量測強度明顯增加。
摘要(英) The sublimation temperature of pentacene and AlQ3 were successfully reduced for around 40°C and 120°C by the dispersed pentacene and AlQ3 in a poor solvent, like water, by insonating in a 10 mL scintillation vial with output frequency of 20 kHz, a voltage of 1500 V, and insonation time for 10 min at -13oC. Sonocrystallization made the pentacene powders with high lattice energy, and AlQ3 powders of the mixture of stable α-form and metastable ε-form under a low bulk temperature, therefore, the sublimation point was decreased. However, surface energy and impurities had nothing to do with the sublimation point depression. Because of the total radiant-heat-transfer rate between heated surfaces is proportional to the fourth power of the absolute temperature according to the Stefan-Boltzmann law, the reduction of the heating and cooling duty of the vapor-phase deposition method for the manufacturing of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), organic thin film transistors (OTFTs), and photovoltaic (PV) cells could be made possible.
On the other hand, about 800 nm long, and 150 nm wide AlQ3 nanotubes were thermally deposited and grown on the 3-min boiled outer shell membrane (OSM), 15-min boiled OSM, and soluble eggshell membrane protein (SEP) film. The ESCA analysis showed that the boiled eggshell membrane and SEP possessed the cyclic anhydrides, O=C-O-C=O, and C=N bonds that provided more nucleation sites for the quinoline ligands of AlQ3 molecule. Surface diffusion model showed the AlQ3 molecules migrated over large distance along the nanotubes surface, reaching the open layer edges and extending the nanotubes, then this layers may propagated one after another with edges coupled by “lip-lip” interaction. This mechanism caused a higher population density of AlQ3 nanotubes and increased the surface area per unit volume to increase the PL emission intensity.
關鍵字(中) ★ 光致激發螢光
★ 五環素
★ 昇華點降低
★ 蛋膜
★ 8-羥基喹啉鋁
關鍵字(英) ★ eggshell membrane
★ AlQ3
★ PL
★ pentacene
★ sublimation point depression
論文目次 Table of Contents
摘要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iv
Notation v
Table of Contents vi
List of Tables xi
List of Figures xii
Chapter 1 Executive Summary 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.1.1 Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) 4
1.1.2 Organic Thin-Film Transistors (OTFTs) 7
1.1.3 Organic Photovoltaic cells 8
1.1.4 Functionalized Thin Film Fiber 10
1.2 Conceptual Framework 11
1.3 Reference 13
Chapter 2 Analytical Instruments 18
2.1 Introduction 18
2.2 Microscopic Methods 21
2.2.1 Hot Stage & Optical Microscopy (HSOM) 21
2.2.2 Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscopy (LVSEM) 23
2.2.3 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) 25
2.3 Thermal Analysis Methods 28
2.3.1 Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) 28
2.3.2 Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) 30
2.4 Spectroscopy Analysis Methods 31
2.4.1 Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) Spectroscopy 31
2.4.2 Electron Spectroscopy For Chemical Analysis (ESCA) 34
2.4.3 Photoluminescence Spectroscopy (PL) 37
2.5 Crystallographic Analysis Methods 39
2.5.1 Powder X-ray Diffractometry (PXRD) 39
2.6 Single Crystal X-ray Dffraction (SXD) 42
2.7 References 45
Chapter 3 Sublimation Point Depression of Small Molecular Organic Semiconductors by High-Temperature Solvent Screening and Sonocrystallization 49
3.1 Introduction 49
3.1.1 High-Temperature Initial Solvent Screening 51
3.1.2 Crystallization 52
3.1.3 Grinding 52
3.1.4 Sonocrystallization 53
3.1.5 Sonicator 57
3.2 Materials 59
3.2.1 Chemical Reagents 59
3.2.2 Organic Solvents 69
3.3 Experiment Methods 70
3.3.1 High Temperature Solubility Test and Re-crystallization of Pentacene 70
3.3.2 Sonication for Pentacene 72
3.3.3 Surface Energy Determination 73
3.3.4 Quantifying the Amount of ε-Phase AlQ3 74
3.4 Instrumentation 75
3.4.1 Hot Stage Optical Microscopy (HSOM) 75
3.4.2 Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy 75
3.4.3 Powder X-ray Diffractometry (PXRD) 76
3.4.4 Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscopy (LVSEM) 76
3.4.5 Surface Energy (Surface Tension) Measurement 77
3.5 Results and Discussion 78
3.5.1 Solubility 78
3.5.2 Thermodynamic Consideration 79
3.5.3 Instrumental Analysis 83
3.6 Conclusions 106
3.7 References 107
Chapter 4 Dense Clusters of AlQ3 Nanotubes on Eggshell Membrane and Photoluminescence of AlQ3 117
4.1 Introduction 117
4.1.1 Eggshell Membrane 119
4.2 Materials 120
4.2.1 Chemical Reagents 120
4.2.2 Organic Solvents 120
4.3 Experimental Methods 122
4.3.1 Eggshell Membrane Template Preparation 122
4.3.2 OSM Modified With Boiled Water 122
4.3.3 Soluble Eggshell Membrane Protein (SEP) Film Preparation 122
4.3.4 Thermal Evaporation of AlQ3 122
4.4 Instrumental Analysis 124
4.4.1 Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) 124
4.4.2 Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) 124
4.4.3 Powder X-ray Diffractometry (PXRD) 125
4.4.4 Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscopy (LVSEM) 125
4.4.5 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) 126
4.4.6 Photoluminescence Spectroscopy (PL) 126
4.5 Results and Discussion 127
4.5.1 The Observation and Characterization of Templates and AlQ3 NT Growth on Template 127
4.6 Conclusions 147
4.7 Reference 148
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works 154
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Chapter 4
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指導教授 李度(Tu Lee) 審核日期 2009-6-29
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