博碩士論文 963211003 詳細資訊




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姓名 詹博傑(Po-Chieh Chan)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 生物醫學工程研究所
論文名稱 虛擬實境機車駕駛模擬器之研發與信效度驗證
(Virtual Reality Motorcycle Riding Simulator Development and Reliability-Validity Verify)
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摘要(中) 由於國內人口數量不斷地增加及生活水準的提升,使得機車數量日益激增,且機車因具有機動性、便捷、停車方便、價格便宜等特性,成為國內最普遍之個人交通工具,且意外事故頻傳,故本研究目的為開發機車駕駛模擬系統,並針對此機車駕駛模擬系統做信效度之驗證,以方便未來可以將此機車駕駛模擬器用於對機車駕駛之新手在實際道路駕駛前之訓練教育參考,以及機車駕駛模擬器相關研究之工之系統工具,以改善事故發生情況。
實驗場景為針對國立中央大學建置出3D場景,以方便做實際道路測試以及虛擬實境測試之對照,並安排各種不同之道路型態,以觀察每位受測者之駕駛行為表現以作為此系統驗證之依據。機車駕駛模擬器安裝於單軸氣壓平台上,用以模擬路面上之變化。
研究結果發現,此駕駛模擬器在不同受測者操控下,駕駛行為表現皆呈現相似的趨勢變化,因而證實本機車駕駛模擬器確實具有可以穩定且有效的模擬實車所帶給人的真實駕駛感受及行為表現。
摘要(英) Because the population of domestic is increasing constantly and improvement of the living standard, make the vehicle quantity of motor increase sharply day by day, and because the motorcycle has mobility, convenient, parks convenient, cheap, become domestic most general personal means of transportation, and the contingency keeps pouring in, so this research purpose develop the motorcycle riding simulation, and to be aimed at motorcycle riding simulation system to do the reliability and validation verification, can drive simulator in order to educate and consult with convenient future motorcycle this to training before the real road will drive of new hand that motorcycle drive, and the motorcycle riding simulator tool of the relevant research, in order to improve the situation happens in the accident. Experiment 3D scene by construction to National Central University, in order to make real road test and virtual road test contrast, arrange all kinds of road type, to observe the basis in order to be verified as this system for the driving behavior of each subject. The motorcycle riding simulator installs on the platform of atmospheric pressure of the single axle, in order to imitate the change on the road surface.
The result of study finds, this motorcycle riding simulator under the circumstances that different subject control, driving the behavior and displaying has a similar trend change separately, therefore verify this motorcycle riding simulator can simulate real motorcycle that can be steady and effective give people real experiences and behavior.
關鍵字(中) ★ 機車駕駛模擬器
★ 車速
★ 驗證
關鍵字(英) ★ motorcycle riding simulator
★ validation
★ velocity
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
總目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究流程與方法 4
1-4 論文架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2-1 汽車駕駛模擬器發展現況 7
2-2 機車駕駛模擬器發展現況 11
2-3 駕駛模擬器相關應用文獻回顧 16
第三章 機車駕駛模擬系統開發 17
3-1 硬體 17
3-1-1 模擬器駕駛座 17
3-1-2 模擬器機車操控機構 18
3-1-3 模擬器硬體設備場地規劃 20
3-2 軟體 21
第四章 實驗規劃 26
4-1 研究目的與對象 26
4-2 實驗項目與目的 28
4-3 實驗設計 29
4-3-1系統信度實驗 29
4-3-2 系統效度實驗設計 34
4-3-3 實驗數據資料收集 36
4-4 實驗程序 38
4-4-1 效度實驗操作流程 38
4-4-2 信度實驗操作流程 39
4-4-3 總實驗流程 40
第五章 結果與討論 42
5-1信度實驗結果 42
5-2效度實驗結果 47
5-3系統滿意度分析 50
第六章 結論與未來發展建議 53
6-1 結論 53
6-2 未來發展與建議 54
參考文獻 55
附錄A 受測者基本資料問卷 57
附錄B 機車駕駛模擬器真實度問卷 58
附錄C 研究同意書 59
參考文獻 1. 中華民國交通部統計處:重要交通統計指標分析97年4月,取自http://www.motc.gov.tw/mocwebGIP/wSite/lp?ctNode=164&CtUnit=96&BaseDSD=7&mp=1&pagesize=100
2. T. Hirata, T. Yai, T. Takagawa, “Development of the Driving Simulation System MOVIC-T4 and Its Validation Using Field Driving Data”, Tsinghua Science and Technology, issn 1007-0214 03/14 pp141-150, Volume 12, Number 2, April 2007.
3. J. Tornros, “Driving Behavior in a Real and a Simulated Road Tunnel—A Validation Study.,” Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 497–503 , September 1997.
4. J. H. Ku, D. P. Jang, B. S. Lee, J. H. Lee, I. Y. Kim and S. I. Kim, “Development and validation of driving simulator for the spinal injury patient ”, CyberPsychology & Behavior, Vol.5, pp. 151-156, 2002.
5. G. Yamasaki, K. Aoki, Y. Miyamaru, K. Ohnuma, “Development of motorcycle training simulator”, Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, P11 S0389-4304(97)00057-X, April 1997
6. Development of riding simulator, 2009年4月6日,取自http://sklofp.zju.edu.cn/icfp/upload/paper/116_main.pdf。
7. 汽車日報:HONDA機車模擬駕駛儀。2009年1月15日,取自http://honda.autonet.com.tw/cgi-bin/file/file_view.cgi?/2008/10/a8100214.ti+13+2+31+/2008/10/a8100214.bd+/c/H1007+34+4
8. F. Bella, “Driving simulator for speed research on two-lane rural roads”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29 October 2007.
9. D. Bortoluzzi, A. Doria, R. Lot, “Experimental investigation and simulation of motorcycle turning performance ”, International Motorcycle Conference, Munchen, 2000.
10. N. G. Kim, Y.Y. Kim and T.K. Kwon, “Development of a virtual reality bicycle simulator for rehabilitation training of postural balance”, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Vol. 3980, pp. 241-250, 2006.
11. X. Yan, M. Abdel-Aty, E. Radwan, X. Wang, P. Chilakapati, “Validating a driving simulator using surrogate safety measures”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, June 2007.
12. S.T. Godley *, Thomas J. Triggs, Brian N. Fildes, “Driving simulator validation for speed research”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, April 2001.
13. R. W. Allen, M. L. Cook, T. J. Rosenthal, “Application of driving simulation to road safety”, Advances in Transportation Studies an international Journal, 2007
14. L. Zhang, B.C. Abreu, , S. Gary, B. Masel, C.H. Christiansen, K.J. Ottenbacher, “A Virtual Reality Environment for Evaluation of a Daily Living Skill in Brain Injury Rehabilitation:Reliability and Validity”, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Vol 84, August 200
15. S. Yanai, Y. Itoh, T. Nemoto, M. Kihira, H. Matsuura, “Development of portable driving simulator system”, Achievements in Materialsand Manufacturing Engineering, VOLUME 29 ISSUE 2, August 2008
16. B. Reimer, L.A. D'Ambrosio, J.F. Coughlin, “Secondary analysis of time of day on simulated driving performance”, Journal of Safety Research, September 2007
17. 李嘉峰,“應用機車駕駛模擬系統探討凹凸路面對脊髓損傷病人姿態平衡之影響”, 中央大學機械工程研究所, 碩士論文, 民國97年。
指導教授 鄭銘章(Ming-Chang Jeng) 審核日期 2009-7-21
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