博碩士論文 963306003 詳細資訊




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姓名 賴明亮(Ming-Liang Lai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所在職專班
論文名稱 我國環保產業發展現況及前瞻之研究
(Study on the Current Status and Prospect of Environmental Industry in Taiwan)
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摘要(中) 我國環保產業之發展至今已逾多年,在面對國際之環保潮流以及觀念上的轉變,傳統環境工程已由狹義之污染預防與控制,轉變為廣義上包括強調能資源再生循環及清潔生產等之綠色科技概念,而環保產業也勢必隨之調整其經營及發展形態,以求環保產業進一步的振興。
本研究首先藉由國內外對於環保產業範疇之界定,進行分析,結果得知,目前國際上對於環保產業之範疇界定,已擴及包含能資源等項目之廣義上的定義,故建議應修訂我國環保署及經建會於2001年所界定之環保產業範疇,輔以能資源等廣義上的項目,藉以使我國環保產業範疇,能更符合國際趨勢。我國目前環保產業的推動,因環保產業所涉及的主管機關甚多,其相關法源及政策,亦相對顯得分散,此現況將不利於環保產業之發展。我國環保產業目前尚無一致性之範疇界定,相對亦缺乏客觀的環保產業之產值、人力等統計資料,僅能由環保設備及其零件出口值,得知小部份產值現況資料,而環保支出統計,亦可顯示環保市場之需求,惟我國環保支出之統計方式及資料,與實際上仍有落差。產業人力部份,目前僅能由每年度環境工程及相關系所畢業人數,得知基本產業人力之供給量。此外,藉由企業及政府環保公共工程之下水道建設的案例分析,可得知環保產業與企業、政府間之供需關係,以及未來之發展契機。
根據本研究的結果得知,環保產業於推動上,最終需依賴產業資訊平台的建立與整合,以提供政府於立法、施政以及環保產業於發展策略上之參考,然環保產業工作之推動,其性質係為跨領域亦為跨部會之屬性,故提升平台之位階至行政院之層級,有利於統籌各部會之分工,藉以推動我國環保產業之發展。
摘要(英) The development of environmental industry in Taiwan has been progressed for many years. However, face to the trend of the global environmental issues and the transition of the environmental protection concepts, the items of environmental business has been converted from the narrow senses of traditional pollution prevention and control to the broad senses of green technologies include the emphasis on energy/resource reclamation and reuse, clean production, etc. in the international market. Consequently, the environmental industry in Taiwan certainly needs to change its patterns of management and expansion, so that the environmental industry can be further promoted.
This study was first to analyze the scope and definition of “environmental industry” in various countries. The results indicated that the categories of the environmental industry had expanded to broad sense included the items related to energy and resources. Therefore, in order to meet the international tendency, it is suggested that modifying the scope of environmental industry set by Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration and Economic Planning and Development Council in 2001 to broad definition includes the categories of energy and resource is necessary. Additionally, due to the relevant laws and policies in charge of various categories of environmental industry were scattered among different governmental authorities in Taiwan, thus caused unfavorable to further promote and expand the development of the environmental industry. The results of this study also found that official statistical data of output values and manpower involved in the environmental business were inconsistent. Some statistical output values were obtained from the exporting values of environmental protection equipment and related parts. Environmental expenditure can also reflect the environmental market demand. However, the current statistical method and data source from various governmental authorities were questionable and inconsistent. The annual supply of manpower involved in environmental industry could be known from the statistical data of the number of certificate and diploma related to environmental fields issued annually by governments and colleges. In addition, the case studies of a private company and public work of sewage system construction, respectively, in this research, it was obtained the interrelationship of supply and demand aspects among environmental industry, private enterprise and/or governmental agency as well as the opportunity for the development of future environmental market in Taiwan.
Based on the results of this study, the prospect for promoting environmental industry need to build up and integrate an information platform which can offer the directions of legislation and policy making for governmental authorities and provide the strategies of market development for environmental business. However, due to cross-authorities are responsible for the development of environmental industry, it must rise up the platform level to the highest governmental authority, e.g. Executive Yuan, in order to overall plan the division of labor among various authorities.
關鍵字(中) ★ 環保產業
★ 環保支出
★ 環境市場
關鍵字(英) ★ Environmental Industry
★ Environmental Markets
★ Environmental Expenditure
論文目次 摘 要............................................................................................................................... i
Abstract.......................................................................................................................... ii
誌 謝............................................................................................................................. iv
目 錄...............................................................................................................................v
圖目錄........................................................................................................................... ix
表目錄........................................................................................................................... xi
第一章 緒論...................................................................................................................1
1-1 研究背景..........................................................................................................1
1-2 研究緣起..........................................................................................................2
1-3 研究目的..........................................................................................................4
第二章 研究方法...........................................................................................................5
2-1 研究架構及流程..............................................................................................5
2-2 研究方法..........................................................................................................6
第三章 國內外環保產業之定義與範疇.....................................................................13
3-1 前言................................................................................................................13
3-2 我國經建會、環保署之環保產業分類........................................................14
3-3 我國經濟部工業局之環境保護工業定義....................................................15
3-4 歐盟依WTO之環保服務業定義所提案新分類及其群組定義...................16
3-5 OECD之環保產業定義.................................................................................17
3-6 APEC之環保產品定義..................................................................................19
3-6-1 OECD與APEC環境商品清單緣起....................................................19
3-6-2 環保產品分類原則..............................................................................20
3-7 U.S.A.之環保產業定義.................................................................................21
3-8 中國大陸之環保產業定義............................................................................22
3-9 檢討與分析....................................................................................................23
第四章 我國各主管機關推動環保產業之現況及分析.............................................25
4-1 前言................................................................................................................25
4-2 環保產業之各主管機關探討........................................................................26
4-3 資源化產業之各主管機關探討....................................................................33
4-4 我國推動環保產業之相關法規及政策........................................................35
4-4-1 促進產業升級條例(工業局)..........................................................35
4-4-2 新興重要策略性產業屬於製造業及技術服務業部分獎勵辦法(工業
局) ................................................................................................................35
4-4-3 經濟部工業局協助產業發展補助辦法..............................................38
4-4-4 環保產業推動計畫(工業局)..........................................................39
4-4-5 產業發展套案(經濟部)..................................................................43
4-4-6 環保服務業發展綱領及行動方案(經建會、環保署) .................44
4-4-7 我國發展綠色產業之願景及策略......................................................45
4-4-8 行政院國家永續發展委員會..............................................................46
4-4-9 環保署之施政願景及策略..................................................................47
4-4-10 環保署之資源回收再利用推動計畫................................................50
4-4-11 公告應回收一般廢棄物及事業廢棄物種類....................................51
4-4-12 經濟部之資源再生產業競爭力提升計畫.......................................54
4-4-13 綠色生產及消費................................................................................56
4-4-14 環保科技園區....................................................................................60
4-5 檢討與分析....................................................................................................63
第五章 我國環保產業產值、人力之供需研究.........................................................68
5-1 前言................................................................................................................68
5-2 全球環保市場成長之預測............................................................................68
5-3 我國環保產業分布現況................................................................................70
5-4 我國環保專業證書現況統計........................................................................72
5-5 我國環境工程相關教育系所及其畢業生統計(96 學年度) ...................75
5-6 我國政府及產業之環保支出統計................................................................78
5-6-1 OECD之污染防治支出統計方式.......................................................85
5-6-2 美國污染防治成本與支出統計方式..................................................86
5-6-3 我國環保支出統計與美國污染防治成本與支出統計之差異.........88
5-7 我國環保設備及其零件進出口概況............................................................89
5-8 我國生技及綠能產業發展現況....................................................................93
5-8-1 生技產業..............................................................................................93
5-8-2 綠能產業..............................................................................................95
5-9 檢討與分析....................................................................................................96
第六章 企業及下水道建設個案之環保供需探討.....................................................99
6-1 前言................................................................................................................99
6-2 企業個案之環保供需探討.............................................................................99
6-2-1 X企業之環保支出.............................................................................99
6-2-2 X企業之設備、人力與環保需求之關係.......................................101
6-3-3 X企業廠內之環保活動供需關係...................................................102
6-3 我國下水道系統建設之供需探討..............................................................104
6-3-1 振興經濟擴大公共建設投資計畫....................................................105
6-3-2 歷年我國污水下水道建設經費統計................................................106
6-3-3 污水下水道之建設經費分配比例....................................................107
6-3-4 我國雨水及污水下水道建設實施率................................................108
6-3-5 我國各縣市政府推動下水道系統建設之行政單位.......................109
6-3-6 我國各縣市政府推動下水道系統建設之人力...............................110
6-4 檢討與分析..................................................................................................113
第七章 我國環保產業資訊平台之建置研究...........................................................116
7-1 前言..............................................................................................................116
7-2 環保產業資訊平台之功能與範圍..............................................................117
7-3 環保產業資訊平台之建置對象..................................................................118
7-4 檢討與分析..................................................................................................120
第八章 結論與建議...................................................................................................122
8-1 結論..............................................................................................................122
8-2 建議..............................................................................................................123
參考文獻.....................................................................................................................124
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指導教授 鄒倫、曾迪華
(Leon Tzou、Dyi-Hwa Tseng)
審核日期 2009-7-22
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