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姓名 李婉妘(Wan-Yun Li)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 經濟學系
論文名稱 經濟整合與關稅政策的福利分析
(Welfare analysis of Economic Integration and Tariff Policy)
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摘要(中) 本論文利用三國貿易模型,探討經濟整合對會員國的關稅政策和福利之影響。本論文發現,如果市場為獨占且區外廠商邊際成本固定,兩進口國在成立關稅同盟後的福利均下滑,且兩國市場規模差異越大,整合後的福利下降越多。若此獨占廠商的邊際成本隨產量遞增,要使兩進口國在關稅同盟下的福利高於整合前的水準,只有在兩國的市場規模差異不大時才有可能發生。如果市場為寡占,自由貿易區的成立將引發貿易擴張,使會員國與非會員國福利均上升;而關稅同盟下會員國的福利比整合前或自由貿易區高的條件為兩國市場規模差距不大,且非會員國廠商較不具成本競爭優勢。
摘要(英) We construct a three-country model to study how economic integration affects optimal tariffs and the welfare of member countries. We find that, if the firm outside of the integrating bloc is a monopolist and has constant marginal cost, two importing countries would face reduced aggregate welfare after they form a customs union. In addition, the welfare is decreasing with the severer variance of market size between two union countries. On the other hand, if the monopolist has increasing marginal cost, the formation of customs union would improve the aggregate welfare of member countries when their markets not differ too much. Moreover, if there exist firms in the member countries to make the market oligopolistic, the formation of the free trade area would induce trade expansion and improves welfare of both member and non-member countries. However, only when the difference of market size between two member countries is small, and the firm outside the bloc has weak competitive advantage on cost, then the welfare under customs union is higher than the level under free trade area and pre-integration circumstance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 自由貿易區
★ 經濟整合
★ 最適關稅
★ 關稅同盟
關鍵字(英) ★ optimal tariff
★ customs union
★ free trade area
★ economic integration
論文目次 1. 前言 ------------------------------------------------ 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 --------------------------------- 1
1.2 文獻回顧 --------------------------------------- 3
1.3 本論文架構 ------------------------------------- 5
2. 基本模型 -------------------------------------------- 6
2.1 經濟整合前之最適關稅與福利 --------------------- 6
2.2 經濟整合後之最適關稅與福利 -------------------- 10
3. 經濟整合:市場獨占與邊際成本遞增-------------------- 14
3.1 經濟整合前之最適關稅與福利 ------------------- 14
3.2 經濟整合後之最適關稅與福利 -------------------- 17
4. 經濟整合:寡占模型 --------------------------------- 21
4.1 經濟整合前之最適關稅與福利 -------------------- 22
4.2 自由貿易區之最適關稅與福利 -------------------- 26
4.3 關稅同盟之最適關稅與福利 ---------------------- 30
5. 結論 ----------------------------------------------- 36
参考文獻 ----------------------------------------------- 37
圖1 三國一廠商之模型設定 ------------------------------- 7
圖2 關稅同盟前後的福利比較 ---------------------------- 19
圖3 三國三廠商之模型設定 ------------------------------ 22
圖4 自由貿易區與關稅同盟的福利比較 -------------------- 32
圖5 關稅同盟前後的福利比較 ---------------------------- 34
參考文獻 中華經濟研究院 (2005),亞太經濟整合對台灣產業發展之影響評估,工業局委託研究計畫。
Balassa, B. (1961), The Theory of Economic Integration, Homewood: Richard Irwin.
Bond, E. W., R. Riezman, and C. Syropoulos, (2004), “A strategic and welfare theoretic analysis of free trade areas,” Journal of International Economics, 64, 1-27.
Bond, E. W. and C. Syropoulos, (2008), “Tariff adjustment in preferential trade agreements,” in H. Beladi, K. Choi, N.V. Long, M. Tawada, and B. Tran-Nam Atax, ed., Globalization and Emerging Issues in Trade Theory and Policy, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, October 2008.
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Redmond, J. (1994), “Internal policy developments,” Journal of Common Market Studies, 32, 45-65.
Viner, J. (1950), The Customs Union Issue, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York.
Wan, Y. T., B.-J. Liu, and P.-L. Tsai (2004), “Trade policy and economic integration in Cournot duopoly model,” The Pakistan Development Review, 43, 239-251.
Yi, S. S. (1996), “Endogenous formation of customs unions under imperfect competition: Open regionalism is good,” Journal of International Economics, 41, 153-177.
指導教授 邱俊榮(Jiunn-Rong Chiou) 審核日期 2009-7-27
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