博碩士論文 964407001 詳細資訊




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姓名 周淑儀(Shu-Yi Chou)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 總經理雙元性、股權集中度、人力資本與組織績效
(CEO Duality, Stock Ownership Concentration, Human Capital and Firm Performance)
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摘要(中) 人力資源管理學界暨實務工作者虔信厚植人力資本後,組織績效亦將隨之提升,然而,人力資源管理措施通常所費不貲,故組織對人力資本之投資,往往需要企業最高決策單位-「董事會」才能決定。不過人力資源管理措施的支出容易計算、但收入卻甚難衡量,因此在決策資訊不足的情形下,「滿意決」將取代「最佳決」,亦即董事會成員們將尋求共同利益、並共同承擔風險,因此董事會對人力資本投入傾向也將受到複雜的社會權力結構之影響。
然而董事會之相關研究,多見於公司治理學門之中,與人力資源管理跨領域之研究尚屬較少。本研究以公司治理、社會權力基礎以及人力資本等相關理論為本,針對總經理雙元性之公司治理機制,是否透過對人力資本投入傾向影響組織績效、以及股權集中度是否干擾總經理雙元性對人力資本之投入程度,以台灣上市公司為樣本,進行三個期間之縱橫資料迴歸分析之實證研究,以期對跨領域之文獻缺口、以及管理實務有所貢獻。研究結果顯示,總經理雙元性與否對人力資本投入傾向確有不同,而且股權集中度在總經理雙元性、人力資本與組織績效間,形成雙階段干擾效果。
摘要(英) Both theorists and practioners of human resources management believe accumulating human capital can enhance firm performance. However, expenditures of human capital are usually large, and only board directors have the right to make decisions. But since the cost of human capital is easy to calculate but benefit from it is not, decisions could be made of satisfy rather than maximize. Therefore, social power relations of board directors can expected to influence results of these decisions.
Researches related to board directors are usually found in school of corporate governance, but little cross-discipline research on human resource management field. This paper then focus on bridging this gap and making contributions both on academic and industry. Using a panel data set of public-listed company in Taiwan, the result shows that CEO duality or not has differenct tendencies on human capital investments and the stock ownership concentration demonstrates dual-stage moderated mediation effects on CEO duality, human capital and firm performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 人力資本
★ 公司治理
★ 組織績效
★ 干擾中介
關鍵字(英) ★ Human Capital
★ Corporate Governance
★ Firm Performance
★ Moderated Mediation
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 詞 iii
圖 目 錄 v
表 目 錄 vi
目錄 vii
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 6
二、文獻探討 8
2-1 公司治理 8
2-1-1 公司治理意涵 8
2-1-2 代理理論 9
2-1-3 管家理論 11
2-1-4 公司治理機制與組織績效 14
2-2 人力資本 17
2-2-1 人力資本意涵 17
2-2-2教育、年資以及薪資 18
2-2-3人力資本與組織績效 21
2-3 公司治理、人力資本與組織績效 26
2-3-1社會權力理論意涵 26
2-3-2 公司治理機制、社會權力理論與人力資本 27
2-3-3 公司治理機制、人力資本與組織績效 30
2-4 股權集中度 33
2-4-1股權集中度意涵 33
2-4-2 總經理雙元性、股權集中度與人力資本 35
2-4-3 總經理雙元性、人力資本、股權集中度與組織績效 38
三、研究方法 43
3-1 研究架構 43
3-2 研究樣本及定義 44
3-2-1 總經理雙元性 44
3-2-2 人力資本 45
3-2-3 股權集中度 45
3-2-4 組織績效 45
3-2-5 其他控制變項 46
3-3 統計方法 48
3-3-1 總經理雙元性對人力資本投入程度 48
3-3-2 人力資本在總經理雙元性暨組織績效間之中介效果 49
3-3-3 股權集中度對總經理雙元性與人力資本投入程度之干擾效果 50
3-3-4 因股權集中度而形成之雙階段受干擾之中介效果 51
四、研究結果 53
4-1 樣本分析 53
4-2 總經理雙元性對人力資本的影響 57
4-3 人力資本的中介效果檢驗 58
4-4 股權集中度在總經理雙元性與人力資本投入間干擾效果檢驗 59
4-5 股權集中度形成之受干擾的中介效果檢驗 61
五、結論與建議 66
5-1 研究結論 66
5-1-1 實證結果未發現總經理雙元性對組織績效之影響 66
5-1-2 總經理雙元性對人力資本投入傾向確有影響 67
5-1-3 股權集中度具有干擾效果 68
5-1-4股權集中度對人均年資在總經理雙元性及組織績效間形成雙階段之干擾效果 73
5-2 綜合討論與管理意涵 75
5-3 研究限制及後續研究建議 79
附錄 82
附錄一:各主要變項名稱、意涵、定義及性質 82
附錄二、人均毛利為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-全產業樣本 83
附錄三、以人均淨利為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-全產業樣本 85
附錄四、以各項人力資本為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-全產業樣本 87
附錄五、人均毛利為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-科技業樣本 89
附錄六、以人均淨利為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-科技業樣本 91
附錄七、以各項人力資本為依變項之所有相關模型彙總表-科技業樣本 93
附錄八、以股東權益報酬率、市價淨值比分別為依變項具顯著性之關鍵模型表 95
參考文獻 96
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指導教授 劉念琪、陳明園
(Nien-Chi Liu、Ming-Yuan Chen)
審核日期 2015-1-20
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