博碩士論文 965201086 詳細資訊




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姓名 許詠傑(Yong-Jie Syu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 以軟體為基準的助聽器模擬平台之發展-噪音消除
(Development of a Software-Based Simulation Platform for Hearing Aid -Noise Reduction)
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摘要(中) 本研究的目的在發展以軟體為基準的助聽器模擬平台,提供使用者一個輔助工具,透過助聽器模擬平台體驗助聽器功能,幫助使用者選擇合適的助聽器。助聽器模擬平台包含噪音消除、寬動態範圍壓縮(wide dynamic range compression, WDRC)與回饋音消除。本研究主要透過專利文獻來模擬GN ReSound Canta、Sonic Innovation Natura與Oticon Syncro這三家公司的噪音消除方法,使用主觀品質評量(波形圖、聲譜圖、聆聽聲音)與客觀品質評量(分段式訊噪比、對數頻譜失真)來評估噪音消除的效能,並與最佳的修正對數頻譜(optimally-modified log-spectral amplitude, OM-LSA)和可適性β階廣義頻譜刪減(adaptive β-order generalized spectral subtraction(GSS))的噪音消除方法比較,結果顯示三家公司噪音消除方法有效提升訊噪比2 dB以上,而OM-LSA與可適性β-order GSS的噪音消除方法效果雖然比三家公司方法好,但相對的其複雜度也高出三種助聽器公司的方法許多,若是應用在助聽器上不僅增加系統延遲時間,同時伴隨著耗電量增加,這對於需要低延遲時間與低功率消耗的助聽器來說是不合適的。接著我們將三家公司的噪音消除方法與WDRC結合,結果顯示噪音仍能有效的降低。
摘要(英) The purpose of this research is to develop a software-based simulation platform for hearing aid and to provide user an assistive tool. User can experience hearing aid function and choose suitable hearing aid via the hearing aid simulation platform. The platform contains noise reduction, wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) and feedback cancellation. The main purpose of this study is to simulate noise reduction by using patent documents of GN ReSound Canta, Sonic Innovation Natura and Oticon Syncro. We evaluated the noise reduction efficiency by using subjective quality evaluation (waveform, spectrogram, listening) as well as objective quality evaluation (segmental SNR, log-spectral distance) and compared with following noise reduction methods: optimally-modified log-spectral amplitude (OM-LSA) and adaptive β-order generalized spectral subtraction (GSS). The results show that signal-to-noise ratio were improved over 2 dB. Although the noise reduction of OM-LSA and adaptive β-order GSS are better than those other three methods we used. However, the implementation of OM-LSA and adaptive β-order GSS is more complex than that other three noise reduction methods. If we use OM-LSA and adaptive β-order GSS in hearing aid that will increase not only the delay time but also power consumption. This result is against our expectation of low delay time and low power consumption for hearing aid. Finally, we combined three noise reduction methods with the WDRC. The results show that the effects of noise reduction are still similar to those before WDRC.
關鍵字(中) ★ 寬動態範圍壓縮
★ 模擬平台
★ 噪音消除
★ 助聽器
關鍵字(英) ★ Hearing Aid
★ Noise Reduction
★ Simulation Platform
★ Wide Dynamic Range Compression
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XII
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 助聽器簡介 2
1.2.1 類比式 2
1.2.2 類比程控式 3
1.2.3 數位式 4
1.3 文獻回顧 7
1.3.1 調變頻率噪音消除法 7
1.3.2 韋納濾波器和頻譜刪減噪音消除法 8
1.3.3 最小化均方誤差估測噪音消除法 12
1.4 助聽器平台回顧 13
1.5 論文架構 14
第二章 噪音消除方法 15
2.1 Sonic Innovation Natura助聽器-噪音消除策略 15
2.2 GN ReSound Canta助聽器-噪音消除策略 20
2.3 Oticon Syncro助聽器-噪音消除策略 24
2.4 最佳化修正對數頻譜-噪音消除策略 28
2.4.1 語音頻譜預估 28
2.4.2 噪音頻譜預估 33
2.5 可適性β階廣義頻譜刪減-噪音消除策略 36
第三章 助聽器模擬平台 39
3.1 實驗語料 39
3.2 噪音消除評量方法 41
3.3 寬動態範圍壓縮 43
3.4 助聽器模擬平台介面 46
第四章 結果與討論 48
4.1 噪音消除結果 48
4.1.1 主觀評量 48
4.1.2 客觀評量 52
4.2 討論 56
第五章 結論與未來展望 64
5.1 結論 64
5.2 未來展望 65
附錄 A 67
參考文獻 68
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指導教授 吳炤民(Chao-Min Wu) 審核日期 2009-7-28
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