博碩士論文 965202056 詳細資訊

姓名 宋哲偉(Che-wei Sung)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 以類神經網路為基礎的電影場景情緒分類
(Affective Classification of Movie Scenes Based on Artificial Neural Network)
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摘要(中) 隨著科技的進步,電影的製作也日益更新,逐年增加,要如何在這龐大的資料量中幫助使用者快速尋找所欲瀏覽的影片內容,成為一個值得探討的議題。過去針對影片內容分析主要包含物件分類、類型(genre)分類與事件分類,但隨著情意計算(affective computing)的興起,情緒分類也逐漸為人重視。尤其在電影的拍攝手法中,從視覺的色彩、光線明暗等到聽覺的音樂曲調等,往往包含了導演所想表達的情感和場景氣氛,適合作為情緒分類上的輸入特徵。
摘要(英) With the development of technology, digital video collections are growing rapidly in recent years. More and more movies are released around the world and play an important role in our life. How to analyze the huge content to help viewers search a specific type of video effectively becomes one of major issues. In general, earlier video content-based analysis includes object-based classification, genre-based classification and event-based classification. With the growing of affective computing, emotion-based classification is also emphasized because the audiovisual cues in movies are helpful for affective content.
The purpose of this study is to construct an affective classification of movie scenes through video content-based analysis. First, a dataset of 119 different scenes from eleven movies were labeled manually and each scene can be described by multiple emotional labels, instead of single label as earlier studies. Fifty audiovisual features were extracted from all scenes for our classifier, self-organizing feature map. Then the hierarchical agglomerative algorithm was employed to merge similar clusters into groups. We implement the classification result to construct a retrieval system such that users can view movie scenes with similar emotion content.
The experiments showed that the average recall and average precision achieves 70%. It was turned out our study is an efficient way.
關鍵字(中) ★ 自我組織特徵映射圖網路
★ 影片內容式分析
★ 情意計算
關鍵字(英) ★ video content-based analysis
★ affective computing
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 1
1.3 研究目的 2
1.4 論文架構 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
2.1 影片內容式分析 3
2.2 情意計算 5
2.3 自我組織特徵映射圖網路 8
第三章 系統實作 10
3.1系統架構 10
3.2 特徵擷取 11
3.2.1 視覺特徵 11
3.2.2 聽覺特徵 20
3.2.3 特徵擷取小結 24
3.3 SOM網路分群 25
3.3.1 晶格狀初始網路鍵結值 25
3.3.2 SOM網路學習 26
3.3.3 合併鄰近群 27
3.4 相似度計算 28
第四章 實驗結果與討論 29
4.1 測試資料與相關參數設定 29
4.2 得勝者公式之比較 32
4.3 階層式聚合演算法合併結果 36
4.4 與其他演算法之比較 40
第五章 總結 43
5.1 結論 43
5.2 研究貢獻 43
5.3 未來工作 43
參考文獻 45
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指導教授 楊接期(Jie-chi Yang) 審核日期 2009-7-17
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