博碩士論文 973202091 詳細資訊




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姓名 林岑彧(Tesn-Yu Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 結合遙測影像與GIS資料以資料挖掘 技術進行崩塌地辨識-以石門水庫集水區為例
(Landslide Identification from Remote Sensing and GIS with Data Ming-A case study in the Shihmen Reservoir Watershed)
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摘要(中) 台灣地區因破碎的地質構造,常因降雨、地震等觸發山崩造成災害。近年來因遙測技術以及地理資訊系統的蓬勃發展,山崩的分析已有不錯的監控與評估成果,並且累積了豐富的研究資料。為了直接利用、整合眾多不同來源的調查資料,找出隱含在資料中的知識,以利下一步運用。有許多針對具空間屬性資料的分析方法,能從大量的山崩調查資料中萃取出幫助辨識崩塌的有效法則。
本研究蒐集2004年至2008年颱風季節時的石門水庫集水區崩塌資料以及相關遙測及空間資料,主要有高解析度衛星影像、DTM資料、土地利用類別、地文描述資料(如河流、斷層)等。透過資料前處理與轉換,結合資料挖掘的學習法,找出山崩與環境因子間的關聯,建立降雨觸發的山崩特性推論模型,了解影響山崩的重要因子。而決策與規則訓練模型與測試成果,可調整資料以提升辨識精度。本研究所建立之決策樹針對2004年艾利颱風於研究區內之測試資料進行自動化崩塌地辨識,精度可提升至79%。本研究成果顯示,以資料挖掘技術對於遙測影像及GIS資料進行颱風豪雨誘發之崩塌地辨識為可行的方法。
摘要(英) The fractural geological conditions in Taiwan have caused serious landslides in mountainous regions after typhoon or earthquake every year. Remote sensing and other spatial data have been used successfully to evaluate and monitor landslide hazards. Satellite remote sensing and GIS-based data are effective sources to obtain information about environmental conditions covering large areas with high spatial details. For landslide related issues, the effect of environmental characteristics on the probability of landslide is an important factor and commonly used to predict landslide risks. In addition, other spatial data, such as digital terrainn model (DTM), land-cover types, vegetation, soil, and other natural and man-made factors may all contribute to the prediction of landslide susceptibility. This study utilizes data mining techniques to analyze complicated datasets in order to understand landslide risks in the Shihmen Reservoir watershed located in northern Taiwan.
An inventory of collected known landslides caused by typhoons from 2004 to 2007 in the study site is used as training data. Decision rules for detecting landslide from selected attributes have been established. The rules are applied to predict landslides induced by typhoons. The rules constructed from decision tree algorithms are refined to improve the classification accuracy. The identification accuracy is about 79% for the test data with 2004 Aere typhoon. With the developed algorithms and data mining techniques, landslides induced by heavy rainfall can be mapped efficiently from remotely sensed images and geo-spatial analysis.
關鍵字(中) ★ 空間分析
★ 崩塌地
★ 機械式學習
★ 決策樹
關鍵字(英) ★ decision trees
★ spatial analysis
★ landslide
★ machine learning
論文目次 致謝 I
中文摘要 II
Abstract III
目 錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 2
1-3 研究流程 3
1-4 論文內容概述 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1山崩評估研究 6
2-1-1山崩潛感度調查 8
2-1-2 選取山崩影響因子 9
2-2資料挖掘 10
2-2-1資料挖掘之定義與步驟 10
2-2-2空間資料挖掘相關研究 13
2-2-3資料挖掘於山崩之研究 14
第三章 研究方法 17
3-1研究方法 17
3-1-1 GIS分析 19
3-1-2 決策樹演算法 20
3-1-3 WEKA軟體 22
3-2研究區概述 25
3-3 資料蒐集與處理 28
3-3-1 SPOT影像蒐集 28
3-3-2 颱風資料 32
3-3-3崩塌地判釋資料 38
3-3-4資料分析流程 41
3-4 崩塌因子處理 42
第四章 成果與討論 50
4-1資料處理成果 51
4-2 研究成果 56
4-2-1 決策樹模型 57
第五章 結論與建議 75
5-1 結論 75
5-2 建議 75
參考文獻 78
附錄一 規則組 86
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指導教授 蔡富安、周建成
(Fuan Tsai、Chien-Cheng Chou)
審核日期 2010-8-27
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